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Jack Webb

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Subject: The LSD Story, GE True, Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series, Mark VII Limited, Chase (1973 TV series)
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Jack Webb

Jack Webb
Jack Webb in his signature role of Joe Friday on Dragnet
Born (1920-04-02)April 2, 1920
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Died December 23, 1982(1982-12-23) (aged 62)
West Hollywood, California
Resting place Forest Lawn Memorial Park – Hollywood Hills,
Los Angeles, California
Other names
  • John Randolph
Occupation Actor, producer, director, screenwriter
Years active 1946–1979
Religion Catholic

Julie London (m. 1947–53)
Dorothy Towne (m. 1955–57)
Jackie Loughery (m. 1958–64)

Opal Wright (m. 1980–82)

John Randolph "Jack" Webb (April 2, 1920 – December 23, 1982), also known by the pen name John Randolph,[1] was an American actor, television producer, director, and screenwriter, who is most famous for his role as Sergeant Joe Friday in the radio and television series, Dragnet. He was also the founder of his own production company, Mark VII Limited.[2][3]


  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
    • Acting 2.1
    • Dragnet and stardom 2.2
  • 1960s 3
    • 1967: Dragnet returns 3.1
  • 1970s - 1980s 4
  • Personal life 5
  • Death 6
  • Selected filmography 7
  • Discography 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11

Early life

Webb was born in Santa Monica, California, son of Samuel Chester Webb and Margaret Smith.[4][5] He grew up in the Bunker Hill section of Los Angeles. His father left home before Webb was born, and Webb never knew him.[6] He was raised a Roman Catholic by his Irish and Native American mother. One of the tenants in his mother's boarding house was an ex-jazzman and began Webb's lifelong interest in jazz by giving him a recording of Bix Beiderbecke's "At the Jazz Band Ball".

In the late 1920s and early 1930s, Webb lived in the parish of Our Lady of Loretto Church and attended Our Lady of Loretto Elementary School in Echo Park, where he served as an altar boy.[7] He then attended Belmont High School, near downtown Los Angeles and later, St. John's University, Minnesota, where he studied art. In high school, Webb was a student body president. He wrote to the student body in the yearbook, "You who showed me the magnificent warmth of friendship which I know, and you know, I will carry with me forever."[8] During World War II, Webb enlisted in the United States Army Air Force, but he "washed out" of flight training. He later received a hardship discharge, since he was the primary financial support for both his mother and grandmother.[9]



Following his discharge, he moved to San Francisco, where a wartime shortage of announcers led to a temporary appointment to his own radio show on ABC's KGO Radio.[10] The Jack Webb Show was a half-hour comedy that had a limited run on ABC radio in 1946. Prior to that, he had a one-man program, One Out of Seven, on KGO in which he dramatized a news story from the previous week.[4] By 1949, he had abandoned comedy for drama, and starred in Pat Novak for Hire, a radio show originating from KFRC about a man who worked as an unlicensed private detective. The program co-starred Raymond Burr. Pat Novak was notable for writing that imitated the hard-boiled style of such writers as Raymond Chandler, with lines such as: "She drifted into the room like 98 pounds of warm smoke. Her voice was hot and sticky—like a furnace full of marshmallows."

Webb's radio shows included Johnny Modero, Pier 23, Jeff Regan, Investigator, Murder and Mr. Malone, Pete Kelly's Blues, and One Out of Seven. Webb provided all of the voices on One Out of Seven, often vigorously attacking racial prejudice.

His most famous motion picture role was as the combat-hardened Marine Corps drill instructor at Parris Island in the 1957 film The D.I., with Don Dubbins as a callow Marine private. Webb's hard-nosed approach to this role, that of Drill Instructor Gunnery Sergeant James Moore, would be reflected in much of his later acting.

Webb was approached to play the role of Dean Wormer, the dean of Faber College, in National Lampoon's Animal House, but he turned it down.[11]

Dragnet and stardom

Webb had a featured role as a crime lab technician in the 1948 film He Walked by Night, based on the real-life murder of a California Highway Patrolman by Erwin Walker.[12] The film was produced in semidocumentary style with technical assistance provided by Detective Sergeant Marty Wynn of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD). He Walked By Night's thinly veiled fictionalized recounting of the 1946 Walker crime spree gave Webb the idea for Dragnet: a recurring series based on real cases from LAPD police files, featuring authentic depictions of the modern police detective, including methods, mannerisms, and technical language.[13]

With much assistance from Sgt. Marty Wynn and legendary LAPD chief William H. Parker, Dragnet premiered on NBC Radio in 1949 and ran till 1957. It was also picked up as a television series by NBC, which aired episodes each season from 1952 to 1959. Webb played Sgt. Joe Friday, and Barton Yarborough co-starred as Sgt. Ben Romero. After Yarborough's death, Ben Alexander joined the cast as Officer Frank Smith.

Webb with realism" and tried to give it to them. Webb had tremendous respect for those in law enforcement. He often said, in interviews, that he was angry about the "ridiculous amount" of abuse to which police were subjected by the press and the public. Webb was also impressed by the long hours, low pay, and injury rate among police investigators of the day, particularly in the LAPD, which was notorious for jettisoning officers who had become ill or injured in the line of duty.[14]

In announcing his vision of Dragnet, Webb said he intended to perform a service for the police by showing them as low-key working-class heroes. Dragnet moved away from earlier portrayals of the police in shows such as Jeff Regan and Pat Novak, which had often shown them as brutal and even corrupt. Dragnet became a successful television show in 1952. Barton Yarborough died of a heart attack in 1951, after filming only two episodes, and Barney Phillips (Sgt. Ed Jacobs) and Herbert Ellis (Officer Frank Smith) temporarily stepped in as partners. Veteran radio and film actor Ben Alexander soon took over the role of jovial, burly Officer Frank Smith. Alexander was popular and remained a cast member until the show's cancellation in 1959. In 1954, a full-length feature film adaptation of the series was released, starring Webb, Alexander, and Richard Boone.

The television version of Dragnet began with this narration by Hal Gibney, would then, usually, give dates when and specify courtrooms where trials were held for the suspects, announcing the trial verdicts after commercial breaks. Many suspects shown to have been found guilty at the end were also shown as having been confined to the California State Prison at San Quentin. Webb frequently recreated entire floors of buildings on sound stages, such as the police headquarters at Los Angeles City Hall and a floor of the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner.

In Dragnet's early days, Webb continued to appear in movies, notably as the best friend of The Men, the film in which Marlon Brando made his film debut. Both actors played paraplegics undergoing rehabilitation at a veterans' hospital. In a subplot, Webb's character, a cynical intellectual, is fleeced of his life savings by a woman who feigns romantic interest in him.

In 1951, Webb introduced a short-lived radio series, Pete Kelly's Blues, in an attempt to bring the music he loved to a broader audience. That show became the basis for a 1955 movie of the same name. In 1959, a television version was made. Neither was very successful. Pete Kelly was a cornet player who supplemented his income from playing in a nightclub band by working as a private investigator.


In 1963, Webb took over from William T. Orr as executive producer of the ABC/Warner Brothers detective series 77 Sunset Strip. He brought about wholesale changes in the program and retained only Efrem Zimbalist, Jr., in the role of private detective Stuart Bailey. Gone were co-stars Roger Smith and Edd Byrnes and the lively series set. The altered program began with Bailey quietly entering an elevator to an upper floor of a bleak office building. The story lines were far different from those of the first five years of the series. The result was a disaster, and critics would accuse Webb of being out of touch with the younger generation, a perception that Dragnet subsequently did nothing to correct. Ratings fell, and 77 Sunset Strip was canceled before the end of the sixth season. John Gavin's Destry, a light-hearted western series, filled the remaining three months of the Friday night time slot vacated on ABC by 77 Sunset Strip.

Meanwhile, Webb teamed with actor Jeffrey Hunter to form Apollo Productions. They made a failed television series, Temple Houston, with Hunter in the title role. In the summer of 1963, Webb pushed Temple Houston to production. The series was loosely based on the life of the frontier lawyer Temple Lea Houston, the youngest son of the legendary Texan Sam Houston. The series was added to the NBC schedule after the planned drama, The Robert Taylor Show, based on case files of the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare, was suddenly disbanded after making four episodes. Under orders from Webb, Temple Houston episodes were put together in just two or three days each, something previously thought impossible in television production. Work began on August 7, 1963, with the initial airing set for September 19. Jimmy Lydon, a former child actor, adult actor, and a television producer with Warner Brothers at the time, recalled that Webb told the staff, "Fellas, I just sold Temple Houston. We gotta be on the air in four weeks; we can't use the pilot, we have no scripts, no nothing - do it!"[15] Lydon recalled the team having worked around the clock to get Temple Houston on the air. Co-producer William Conrad directed six episodes, two scripts simultaneously on two different soundstages at WB. "We bicycled Jeff (series star Jeffrey Hunter) and Elam (supporting star Jack Elam) between the two companies, and Bill shot 'em both in four-and-a-half days. Two complete one-hour shows!," recalled Lydon.[15]

Temple Houston ended after its 26-week run. Jeffrey Hunter in a 1965 interview with The Milwaukee Journal described the situation:
In the first place, we had no time to prepare for [the series]. I was notified on July 17 to be ready to start August 7 for an October air date. When we reached the screen we did not have a single segment ready. It was done so fast the writers never got a chance to know what it was all about. We all wanted to follow the line indicated by the pilot film, which we thought would make a charming series. NBC, however, favored making it serious.[16]

1967: Dragnet returns

Beginning in early 1967, Webb, no longer with Warner Brothers, produced and starred in a new color version of Dragnet for NBC, this time for Felony Squad on ABC.)

The program pilot, originally produced as a made-for-TV movie in 1966, did not air until 1969. The television film was based on the Harvey Glatman serial killings. The TV series ran through 1970. To distinguish it from the original series, the year of production was added to the title (Dragnet 1967, Dragnet 1968, etc.). The revival emphasized crime prevention and outreach to the public. Its attempts to address the contemporary youth-drug culture (such as the "The LSD Story" episode, guest-starring Michael Burns as Benjamin John "Blue Boy" Carver, voted 85th-best TV episode of all time by TV Guide and TV Land) have led certain episodes on the topic to achieve cult status due to their strained attempts to be "with-it," such as Joe Friday grilling "Blue Boy" by asking him, "You're pretty high and far out, aren't you? What kind of kick are you on, son?" Don Dubbins, who had acted alongside Webb in The D.I. in 1957, was another featured actor in Mark VII Limited programs beginning in the 1960s.

In 1968, Webb and his production partner R.A. Cinader launched Adam-12 on NBC. A spinoff of Dragnet, Adam-12 starred Martin Milner and Kent McCord as a pair of LAPD beat cops and followed their escapades while on patrol. Running until 1975 for a total of seven seasons, Adam-12 was Webb's second longest running television series, with the eight seasons recorded by the original Dragnet being the longest.

Also in 1968, Webb and Johnny Carson performed a sketch on The Tonight Show that has since become known as the "Copper Clapper Caper" sketch. Webb, in character as Joe Friday, was working on the case of a robbery at a school bell factory. Carson played the owner of the factory and victim of the theft, which consisted of each bell being relieved of its clapper (the device that makes the bell ring). The sketch's dialogue consisted of Webb and Carson discussing the situation in deadpan style and using alliteration and tongue twisters to describe the incident, each word having either a "c" or "cl" sound at the beginning. Both Webb and Carson tried desperately not to lose composure but both did near the very end of the sketch.

1970s - 1980s

In 1970 Webb decided to bring an end to Dragnet and cease acting in order to focus on expanding Mark VII Limited's production profile. In 1971, Webb entered the world of district attorneys and federal government work with two series. The first, O'Hara, U.S. Treasury, was a co-production of Webb and David Janssen, the former star of The Fugitive, for CBS (a rare non-NBC Mark VII effort) and featured Janssen as a Nebraska county sheriff-turned-United States Treasury Department agent. Neither series lasted very long as The D.A., Webb's last thirty minute series, was canceled after fifteen episodes and O'Hara ended after twenty-two.

Later in the 1971-72 season, Webb and Cinader launched Emergency!, a spin-off of Adam-12 which focused on the fictional Engine 51 squad of L.A. County Fire Department, which also featured one of the first paramedic units, and its work in conjunction with the emergency room staff of the fictional Rampart General Hospital. Webb cast his ex-wife, Julie London, as well as her second husband and Dragnet ensemble player Bobby Troup, as nurse Dixie McCall and Dr. Joseph Early, respectively, with Randolph Mantooth and Kevin Tighe playing paramedics John Gage and Roy DeSoto and Robert Fuller playing Dr. Kelly Brackett, chief ER physician.

Emergency! ran as part of NBC's Saturday night lineup for five and a half seasons and was a popular program, sometimes winning its timeslot against CBS' popular Saturday night comedy block which included All in the Family. The series came to an end in 1977 but spawned a series of telefilms that ran until 1979. Webb's company and Universal also contracted with animator Fred Calvert to produce a Saturday morning cartoon for NBC titled Emergency +4, which ran for three seasons (the last in reruns) and featured Gage and DeSoto assisted by four teenagers.

Emergency! was Webb's last sustained success. Of the remaining series his company produced, the only one that lasted longer than one season was Hec Ramsey, a component of the NBC Mystery Movie wheel series that featured former Have Gun Will Travel star Richard Boone as a pioneering forensic scientist in the Old West.

In 1987, Dan Aykroyd and Tom Hanks starred in a movie parody (and homage) to Jack Webb called Dragnet, along with Harry Morgan who reprised his role from the television series as Bill Gannon (now a Captain). The comedy film was written and directed by Tom Mankiewicz in his directorial debut. Aykroyd plays Joe Friday (nephew of the original series star) while Hanks stars as his new smart-alecky and streetwise partner.

Personal life

Webb's personal life was better defined by his love of jazz than his interest in police work. He had a collection of more than 6,000 jazz recordings.[4] His lifelong interest in the cornet allowed him to move easily in the jazz culture, where he met singer and actress Julie London. They married in 1947, had daughters Stacy (1950–1996) and Lisa (born 1952), and divorced in 1954. He was married three more times after that, to Dorothy Towne for two years beginning in 1955, to former Miss USA Jackie Loughery for six years beginning in 1958, and to his longtime associate Opal Wright for the last two years of his life.

Stacy Webb authorized and collaborated on a book, Just the Facts, Ma'am; The Authorized Biography of Jack Webb, Creator of Dragnet, Adam-12, and Emergency!, of which Daniel Moyer and Eugene Alvarez were the primary authors. It was published in 1999. Stacy did not live to see the publication of the book, having been killed in a car accident three years earlier.


Webb, despite his string of short-lived series in the 1970s, still kept trying to recapture his previous success and decided to bring Dragnet back to television for a third series in 1983. Five scripts had been produced and Kent McCord, one of the stars of Adam-12, was cast as Joe Friday's new partner.

Grave of Jack Webb, at Forest Lawn Hollywood Hills

Webb died of a heart attack on December 23, 1982.[17] He is interred at Sheltering Hills Plot 1999, Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles (),[18] and was given a funeral with full police honors. On Webb's death, Chief Daryl Gates announced that badge number 714, which was used by Joe Friday in Dragnet, would be retired. Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley ordered all flags lowered to half-staff in Webb's honor for a day, and Webb was buried with a replica LAPD badge bearing the rank of sergeant and the number 714.

Jack Webb has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for radio (at 7040 Hollywood Boulevard) and the other for television (at 6728 Hollywood Boulevard). In 1992, Webb was posthumously inducted into the Television Hall of Fame.

Selected filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1932 Three on a Match Boy in schoolyard Uncredited
1948 Hollow Triumph Bullseye Uncredited
He Walked by Night Lee
1949 Sword in the Desert Hoffman Uncredited
1950 The Men Norm Alternative title: Battle Stripe; Marlon Brando's film debut was in this production
Sunset Boulevard Artie Green
Dark City Augie
Halls of Montezuma Correspondent Dickerman
1951 You're in the Navy Now Ens. Anthony "Tony" Barbo Alternative title: U.S.S. Teakettle
Appointment with Danger Joe Regas
1954 Dragnet Sgt. Joe Friday Also director
1955 Pete Kelly's Blues Pete Kelly Also director and producer
1957 The D.I. Gunnery Sgt. Jim Moore Also director
1959 -30- Sam Gatlin Also director
1961 The Last Time I Saw Archie William "Bill" Bowers Also producer
1962 Red Nightmare Narrator Also producer
Year Title Role Notes
1951–1959 Dragnet Sergeant Joe Friday 276 episodes
1956–1957 Noah's Ark Creator of the series starring Paul Burke 24 episodes
1962–1963 GE True
Producer and narrator of series, director of 4 episodes
1967–1970 Dragnet 1967 Sergeant Joe Friday 98 episodes
1968–1975 Adam-12
Writer, 174 episodes
1971 O'Hara, U.S. Treasury Narrator 1 episode
The Partners The Commissioner 1 episode
1972–1976 Emergency!
Director, 5 episodes
1972–1974 Hec Ramsey
Producer, 10 episodes
1978 Project UFO Announcer 1 episode


  • Songs from Pete Kelly's Blues (1955)
  • You're My Girl: Romantic Reflections by Jack Webb (1958)
  • Pete Kelly Lets His Hair Down (1958)[19]
  • Golden Throats volume 1 (1988)
  • Just the Tracks, Ma'am: The Warner Brothers Recordings (2000)[20]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Robert A. Jones, Jack Webb Doesn't Live Here Anymore, Los Angeles Times, March 20, 1991
  3. ^ Barbara Thornburg, Former Palm Springs home of 'Dragnet' star Jack Webb, Los Angeles Times
  4. ^ a b c My Name's Friday: The Unauthorized But True Story of Dragnet and the Films of Jack Webb by Michael J. Hayde, Cumberland House Publishing
  5. ^ {LDS family records show that Samuel C. Webb {b. 1890 Henrietta, Clay County, Texas, son of James H. Webb and Mary Elizabeth Gambell} married May 30, 1917, in Superior, Mineral, Montana, to Margaret Smith age 18 born Caldwell, Canyon Co, Idaho, daughter of Frank J. Smith and Emma Strickland}
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Campanile 1938, Belmont High School, 1938
  9. ^ Just the Facts, Ma'am; The Authorized Biography of Jack Webb, Creator of Dragnet, Adam-12, and Emergency!, written by Daniel Moyer and Eugene Alvarez.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ Crazy Like A Fox. The Los Angeles Times, June 2, 1947; Man Continues to Fight Police Despite Wounds. The Los Angeles Times, December 21, 1946.
  13. ^ Webb, Jack, and Ellroy, James. The badge: true and terrifying crime stories that could not be presented on TV, from the creator and star of Dragnet. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, ISBN 1-56025-688-5 (2005), p. 103.
  14. ^ Webb and Ellroy, p. 103: "One of many examples of selfless service was that of LAPD detective Lt. Colin Forbes, who went to work each day carrying a .45-caliber slug next to his spine after being shot by none other than Erwin Walker. After his health was ruined from years of stakeouts and violent altercations with criminals, Lt. Forbes would be pensioned off at a mere $300 a month by the LAPD at the age of 46."
  15. ^ a b Billy Hathorn, "Roy Bean, Temple Houston, Bill Longley, Ranald Mackenzie, Buffalo Bill, Jr., and the Texas Rangers: Depictions of West Texans in Series Television, 1955 to 1967", West Texas Historical Review, Vol. 89 (2013), pp. 106-109
  16. ^ J. D. Spiro, "Happy in Hollywood", The Milwaukee Journal, July 4, 1965
  17. ^
  18. ^ John Randolph "Jack" Webb at Find a Grave
  19. ^
  20. ^

Further reading

  • Hugh W. Binyon: Reflections in a Pig's Eye; Babcock Publishing; (paperback, 2002).
  • Michael J. Hayde: My Name's Friday: The Unauthorized but True Story of Dragnet and the Films of Jack Webb; Cumberland House Publishing; ISBN 1-58182-190-5 (paperback, 2001).
  • Jack Webb: The Badge: The Inside Story of One of America's Great Police Departments; Prentice-Hall; (hardback, 1958).
  • Jack Webb and James Ellroy: The badge: true and terrifying crime stories that could not be presented on TV, from the creator and star of Dragnet; New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, ISBN 1-56025-688-5 (2005).
  • Maurice Zolotow: The True Story of Jack Webb; The American Weekly, September 12, 19, 26, October 3, 1954.

External links

  • Badge 714 (Dragnet and Webb fan site)
  • Jack Webb at the Internet Movie Database
  • Jack Webb at AllMovie
  • Pat Novak For Hire (Pat Novak For Hire fan site)
  • Pictures of Jack Webb as an Air Cadet at the Rankin Aeronautical Academy at Tulare, California in 1943.
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