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Jiangshan dialect

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Jiangshan dialect

Jiangshan dialect
江山話
Native to People's Republic of China
Region Jiangshan city, Quzhou prefecture, Zhejiang province
Native speakers
approx. 500,000-600,000  (date missing)
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Jiangshan dialect (江山話) is a Southern Wu dialect, closely related to that of Quzhou. It is spoken in Jiangshan, a city in Quzhou prefecture.

Phonology

Initials

  Labial Dental Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k
aspirated  
slack voice ɡ̊  
Affricate voiceless ts
aspirated tsʰ tɕʰ  
slack voice d̥z̥ d̥ʑ̊  
Fricative voiceless f s ɕ h
slack voice ʑ̊ ɦ
Approximant l

Rimes

耳[ør] 衣[ɦi] 無[vu] 雨[ɦy] 之[tsɨ]

拉[lɑ] 家[kiɑ] 瓦[ŋuɑ]

鞋[ɦæ] 也[ɦiæ] 快[khuæ]

天[thiɛ̃] 全[ʑyɛ̃]

開[khe] 會[kue]

哥[ko]

包[pɐɯ] 表[piɐɯ]

樓[lɯ] 秋[tɕhiɯ]

三[sã] 香[hiã] 關[kuã]

干[kɔ̃] 狀[ʑiɔ̃]

盤[bɐ̃] 官[kuɐ̃]

門[moŋ] 窮[ɡioŋ]

齒[tshɨə] 魚[ŋɯə]

金[kœ̃] 森[ɕyœ̃ ]

京[kiŋ] 春[tɕhyŋ]

八[paʔ] 學[ɦiaʔ] 擴[khuaʔ]

筆[pœʔ] 十[ʑyœʔ]

日[nəʔ] 習[ʑiɛʔ] 越[ɦyɛʔ]

月[ŋoʔ] 肉[ʑioʔ]

合[kɔʔ] 肉[ŋyɔʔ]

Tones

Jiangshan dialect is considered to have eight tones. However, since the tone split dating from Middle Chinese still depends on the voicing of the initial consonant, these constitute just three phonemic tones: pin, shang, and qu. (Ru syllables are phonemically toneless, as their distinctiveness lies in a final glottal stop.)

Yin Ping 陰平44 天空飛山

Yang Ping 陽平231 南來田皮

Yin Shang 陰上324 紙九火口

Yang Shang 陽上22 坐買有被

Yin Qu 陰去51 菜四送去

Yang Qu 陽去31 備洞路硬

Yin Ru 陰入45 七雪踢客

Yang Ru 陽入12 六肉白獨


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