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Kanu Sanyal

Kanu Sanyal
Kanu Sanyal
Kanu Sanyal
Born 1932
Died March 23, 2010 (age 77-78)
Nationality Indian
Known for Leader of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)

Kanu Sanyal, (1932[1] – March 23, 2010),[2] was an Indian communist politician. In 1967, he was one of the main leaders of the Naxalbari uprising. He was one of the founding leaders of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (CPI(ML)) formed in 1969. [8] He committed suicide on 23 March 2010.[3]


  • Formation and growth of CPI (ML) 1
  • Arrest 2
  • Jail life 3
  • Formation of COI (ML) 4
  • Later years 5
  • Death 6
  • Popular Culture 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Formation and growth of CPI (ML)

Kanu Sanyal joined Communist politics, first as a member of CPI(M) and later went on to become a leader of the CPI(ML). He is credited to have created the slogan 'Aamar baari tomar bari, Naxalbari, Naxalbari'.

He announced the formation of the original CPI (ML) on Vladimir Lenin's birthday in 1969 at a public rally in Calcutta. He came out with the seminal Terai report on revolution in India, which openly denounced the anarco-nihilist policies of Charu Majumdar and his loyalists.

During this period, the China to further his goals.[2] Sanyal had publicly declared on several occasions that he was receiving some kind of support from the Chinese government. Kanu Sanyal in his authorised biography have confirmed that he received money and guns from China but not much moral support as the Chinese viewed him as a person from lower class.

After the failure of the Naxalite uprising, Sanyal went into hiding. The death of his colleague Charu Majumdar was followed by the breakup of the Naxalite movement, and Sanyal claimed to have abandoned violent means and accepted parliamentary practice as a form of revolutionary activity [9].


He was eventually cornered and arrested in August 1970. News of his arrest sparked of region-wide violence by the radical communists. CPI(ML) cadres destroyed property, raided and attacked educational institutions, and engaged in rioting.[4]

Jail life

For seven years Sanyal was imprisoned in a jail in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh in the case known as the Parvatipuram Naxalite Conspiracy case.He was convicted in the Parvatipuram Conspiracy Case, by the Sessions Judge.

Sanyal was released from jail in 1977, following the shift of government in India as well as in West Bengal. Jyoti Basu, the new CPI(M) chief minister, personally intervened to ensure Sanyal's release.[5] By the time of his release, Sanyal had publicly condemned the original strategy of armed struggle of the CPI(ML), without building prior and proper popular mass base amongst the common people.[6]

After his release Sanyal rallied his supporters and formed the

  • CPI(ML) website

External links

  1. ^ Naxalbari Movement Founder Kills Self, The Telegraph (India)
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ "Top Naxal leader Kanu Sanyal commits suicide". Rediff news. March 23, 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Naxalites on Hard Times
  5. ^ Bengal Left Front Govt Steps Into 28th Year
  6. ^ The road from Naxalbari
  7. ^ naxalism today
  8. ^ Maoist Revolutionary parties and organizations in India
  9. ^ [11], [12], [13], [14]
  10. ^ The Hindu : Front Page : Kanu Sanyal arrested for ``rail roko''
  11. ^ Saugata Roy, TNN Mar 23, 2010, 04.20pm IST (March 23, 2010). "Top Naxal leader Kanu Sanyal found dead in his house". The Times of India. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 


Sanyal, as well as the Naxalite movement, was referenced in Jhumpa Lahiri's 2013 novel, The Lowland. [10]

Popular Culture

On 23 Mar 2010, he was found hanging at his residence at Seftullajote village, 25 km Siliguri (West Bengal) from where Naxal Movement began under his leadership. Sanyal was suffering from old-age related cardio pulmonary ailments. At the time of his death he was the general secretary of a new CPI(ML), formed by merger of several splinter groups of the original party.[11]


On January 18, 2006, Sanyal was arrested along with other fellow agitators who were also protesting against closures of tea gardens in the region for disrupting a Delhi-bound Rajdhani Express train at the New Jalpaiguri Railway Station in Siliguri, North Bengal, .[10]

As of late 2006, Sanyal became a prominent figure in the opposition to land acquisition in Singur. On December he was detained following a manifestation.[9]

Later years

[8] In 1985 Sanyal's faction along with five other groups, merged to form the

Formation of COI (ML)


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