World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Karl Eberhard Schöngarth

Article Id: WHEBN0000343235
Reproduction Date:

Title: Karl Eberhard Schöngarth  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Massacre of Lviv professors, Walter Kutschmann, Wolfgang Birkner, Hans Krueger, Einsatzgruppen
Collection: 1903 Births, 1946 Deaths, 20Th-Century Executions by the United Kingdom, Einsatzgruppen Personnel, German People Executed by Hanging, Gestapo Personnel, Holocaust Perpetrators, Kapp Putsch Participants, Nazis Convicted of War Crimes, People Executed by the British Military by Hanging, People from Leipzig, People from Saxony Executed by Hanging, People from the Kingdom of Saxony, Recipients of the SS Honour Ring, Recipients of the SS-Ehrenring, Recipients of the Sword of Honour of the Reichsführer-SS, Recipients of the War Merit Cross, 1St Class, SS and Police Leaders, SS-Brigadeführer, Waffen-SS Personnel
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Karl Eberhard Schöngarth

Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
Karl Eberhard Schöngarth as SS-Oberführer
Born (1903-04-22)22 April 1903
Leipzig, German Empire
Died 16 May 1946(1946-05-16) (aged 43)
Hamelin Prison, Allied-occupied Germany (Hanged)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Schutzstaffel
Years of service 1924—1945
Rank SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor der Polizei
Awards War Merit Cross First Class with Swords
War Merit Cross Second Class with Swords
Other work Perpetrator of genocide; executed as a war criminal

Representative of Einsatzgruppen in the General Government of Poland
To The Wannsee Conference
20 January & 6 March 1942

Karl Georg Eberhard Schöngarth (22 April 1903 – 16 May 1946) was a German Nazi, appointed SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Polizei (Brigadier General) on Himmler’s orders in 1943. He was a war criminal who perpetrated mass murder and genocide in occupied Poland during the Holocaust.[1]


  • Biography 1
  • Summary of military career 2
    • Promotions 2.1
    • Notable decorations 2.2
  • Notes and references 3


Schöngarth was born in Leipzig, Saxony. In 1933 he became a member of the SD Intelligence Service of the SS. During the German attack on Poland he was promoted to SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer and served as Senior Inspector of SiPo Security Police in Dresden. In January 1941 he was sent to Kraków, Poland, as the Senior Commander of SiPo and the SS intelligence. During the time Schöngarth was stationed in Kraków, he formed several Einsatzgruppen (Special Action Groups) in Warsaw, Radom, and Lublin, with the intention of perpetrating massacres. He was responsible for the murder of up to 10,000 Jewish citizens between July and September 1941 and the massacre of Lviv professors behind the frontline of Operation Barbarossa. Schöngarth attended the Wannsee Conference on 20 January 1942, along with Dr. Rudolf Lange (Einsatzgruppen A), who had also participated in the Holocaust. From early July 1944 until the end of war he worked as Commander of the Gestapo in the Netherlands.[2]

Schöngarth was captured by the allies at the end of the war. After an investigation into his background, he was charged with the crime of murdering a downed Allied pilot (on 21 November 1944) and tried by a British Military Court in Burgsteinfurt. He was found guilty of this war crime on 11 February 1946 and sentenced to death by hanging. Schöngarth was executed by Albert Pierrepoint on 16 May 1946 at Hameln Prison.

Summary of military career


Karl Eberhard Schöngarth before WW2

Notable decorations

Notes and references

  • Holocaust Research Project: Karl Eberhard Schöngarth
  1. ^  
  2. ^ Norman Federlein & Chris Webb. "Security Police Commander, Eberhard Karl Schongarth". Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  • This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German WorldHeritage.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.