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Kouropalates

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Kouropalates

Kouropalatēs, Latinized as curopalates or curopalata (Greek: κουροπαλάτης, from Latin: cura palatii "[the one in] charge of the palace")[1] and Anglicized as curopalate, was a Byzantine court title, one of the highest from the time of Emperor Justinian I (r. 527–565) to that of the Komnenoi in the 12th century.[2] The female variant, held by the spouses of the kouropalatai, was kouropalatissa.

Contents

  • History and nature of the title 1
  • List of prominent Byzantine holders 2
  • References 3
  • Sources 4

History and nature of the title

The title is first attested (as curapalati) in the early 5th century, as an official of Armenian dynasts.[2][5]

According to the Klētorologion of Philotheos, written in 899, the insignia of the rank were a red tunic, mantle and belt. Their award by the Byzantine emperor signified the elevation of the recipient to the office.[6] By the 11th–12th century, the dignity had lost its earlier significance:[7] it was granted as an honorary title to generals outside the imperial family,[1] and its functions were gradually being supplanted by the protovestiarios, whose original role was limited to the custody of the imperial wardrobe.[8] The title survived into the Palaiologan period, but was rarely used.[1]

List of prominent Byzantine holders

Lead seal of Michael Kontostephanos, kouropalates and doux of Antioch, ca. 1055

References

  1. ^ a b c Kazhdan 1991, p. 1157.
  2. ^ a b Toumanoff 1963, pp. 202, 388.
  3. ^ Bury 1911, p. 33.
  4. ^ Evans, James Allan (23 June 1999). "An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors: Justin II (565–579 A.D.)". Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Rapp 2003, p. 374.
  6. ^ Bury 1911, p. 22.
  7. ^ Holmes 2005, p. 87.
  8. ^ Kazhdan 1991, p. 1749.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Bury 1911, p. 34.
  10. ^ Martindale, Jones & Morris 1992, p. 164.

Sources

  •  
  • Holmes, Catherine (2005). Basil II and the Governance of Empire (976–1025). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.  
  •  
  • Martindale, John Robert; Jones, Arnold Hugh Martin; Morris, J., eds. (1992). The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume III: A.D. 527–641. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.  
  • Rapp, Stephen H. (2003). Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts. Louvain, Belgium: Éditions Peeters.  
  •  


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