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Krugersdorp

Krugersdorp
Featherbrooke estate in Krugersdorp
Featherbrooke estate in Krugersdorp
Krugersdorp is located in Gauteng
Krugersdorp
 Krugersdorp shown within Gauteng
Coordinates:
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
District West Rand
Municipality Mogale City
Established 1887
Area[1]
 • Total 247.22 km2 (95.45 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 140,643
 • Density 570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 42.3%
 • Coloured 1.4%
 • Indian/Asian 5.4%
 • White 50.2%
 • Other 0.8%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 42.0%
 • English 19.5%
 • Tswana 14.5%
 • Zulu 4.8%
 • Other 19.2%
Postal code (street) 1740
PO box 1740
Area code 011

Krugersdorp (Afrikaans for Kruger's town) is a mining city in the West Rand, Gauteng Province, South Africa founded in 1887 by Marthinus Pretorius. Following the discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand, a need arose for a major town in the west of the reef. The government bought part of the Paardekraal farm and named the new town after the Transvaal president, Paul Kruger. Krugersdorp no longer has a separate municipal government after it was integrated into Mogale City Local Municipality along with surrounding towns. It is now the seat of government for Mogale City.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
  • Health care 5
  • Sports and culture 6
  • Places of attraction 7
  • Name change 8
  • Current and former residents 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

Town Hall in Krugersdorp

Krugersdorp is the site of a December 1880 gathering at which more than 6,000 men vowed to fight for the Transvaal's independence. Founded in 1887 by Marthinus Pretorius after the discovery of gold on his farm, Paardekraal, thereafter the mining industry played an important role in the development of the city. Two important events in the history of South Africa: the Transvaal War of Independence (1881) and the discovery of the Witwatersrand Goldfields (1886) took place in Krugersdorp. These events had far-reaching political and economic consequences for the country's development.

By the time the town was founded, the existence of the gold reef along the Witwatersrand had become common knowledge, and thousands seeking their fortunes pitched their tents and pegged claims. In 1888, Krugersdorp was proclaimed a separate gold field.

During the Anglo Boer War the British built a concentration camp in the valley that is now occupied by the Centenary Dam. This camp was overlooked by the "D" Shaft of the Luipardsvlei Estate Gold Mining Company, which was shut down in around 1929 when mining shifted to deeper ore bodies that offered the prospect of larger tonnages. As of 2014 this shaft is being brought back into production. Part of the heritage of the area will feature in a museum to be built post-closure. An essential part of the museum's content will be the Boer War legacy.

In 1952, the West Rand Consolidated Mine was the first in the world to extract uranium as a byproduct of the gold refining process.

Economy

Gold, manganese, iron, asbestos and lime are all mined in the area.

Krugersdorp has a modern business center and shopping malls alongside many smaller shops, schools, and necessary amenities. There are also game reserves and a nearby bird sanctuary.

Krugersdorp is served marginally by the Jack Taylor Airfield which is easily accessible from Pretoria via the R28/N14 highway, and more commonly by the N1 highway, Lanseria International Airport on the R511 which is used for travel to Pretoria, and OR Tambo International Airport which is South Africa's main international airport located in Johannesburg.

The nearby 1,400 hectares (3,500 acres) game reserve in the dense bush of the veld holds a large quantity of game and is one of the town's major tourist attractions. Also in close proximity are various provincial heritage sites including the Cradle of Humankind and its Sterkfontein Caves and the Wonder Cave.

Demographics

Krugersdorp is home to the South African Branch of Jehovah's Witnesses (The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society).

In 2010, the town's Coronation Park area received international exposure for the depiction of Afrikaner poverty by Finbarr O'Reilly.[2][3][4] In 2014 the area was exposed again as a subject of the BBC documentary Reggie Yates' Extreme South Africa: White Slums.[5]

Education

Krugersdorp is home to some of the best schools in Gauteng.

  • Alma Mater Akademie Combined International School
  • Krugersdorp High School
  • Town View High School
  • Hoërskool Monument
  • Hoërskool Jan De Klerk
  • HTS Nic Diederichs
  • St Ursula’s School
  • Hoërskool Noordheuwel
  • Hoërskool Bastion
  • Laerskool Kenmare
  • Rant en Dal School
  • Hoërskool Pro-Practicum
  • Laerskool Millennium
  • Laerskool Ebenhaeser
  • Curro Krugersdorp Private School
  • Laerskool Paardekraal
  • Monument Primary School
  • Laerskool Krugersdorp Noord
  • Ahmed Timol Secondary School
  • Azaadville Muslim School

Health care

Local Clinics

  • Central Clinic
  • Kagiso Clinic B
  • Azaadville Clinic
  • Munsieville Clinic A

Provincial Hospitals

  • Dr Yusuf Dadoo Hospital (Paardekraal)
  • Sterkfontein Hospital
  • Leratong Hospital

Private Hospitals

  • Krugersdorp Private Hospital
  • Bell Street Day Hospital
  • Medi-Cross Clinic

Sports and culture

The town is the host of the annual Gauteng Beach Party held at Coronation Park. In recent years the event has featured performances by:

  • Mzekezeke aka Dj Sbu
  • Dj Cleo
  • Winnie Khumalo
  • T-bo Touch
  • TKZee
  • Brown Dash

Krugersdorp also has an 18-hole golf course and many facilities for extreme sports.

Afropop sensation Mafikizolo and Ntando Bangani, better known simply as Ntando, are successful acts that hail from Krugersdorp.

Places of attraction

Krugersdorp has popular tourist attractions such as Krugersdorp Game Reserve, Maropeng Visitor Centre, Walter Sisulu Botanical Gardens and Sterkfonten Caves. [6]

Name change

Although the city's municipality changed its name from Krugersdorp to Mogale City,[7] the assumption that the city's name has been officially changed to Mogale City has been refuted by the Mogale City Municipality [8]

Current and former residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Krugersdorp". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Poverty, and Little Sympathy, in South Africa (Lens) New York Times. 25 June 2010
  3. ^ White poverty in South Africa Reuters. Retrieved on 31 December 2010
  4. ^ Tough times for white South African squatters Reuters. 26 March 2010
  5. ^ The Slums: Reggie Yates' Extreme South Africa, TV review: A reversal of a racial trope The Independent. 20 February 2014
  6. ^ http://www.safarinow.com/things-to-do/krugersdorp/default.aspx
  7. ^ http://www.gautengfilm.co.za/live/content.php?Item_ID=876
  8. ^ Whats_in_a_towns_name

External links

External images
from theMemorial to those who died in the concentration camp - Genealogical Society of South Africa
  • The Big Picture photo essay on white squatters in Krugersdorp
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