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Kurchatov, Kazakhstan

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Title: Kurchatov, Kazakhstan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Anti-nuclear movement in Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan Region, List of nuclear weapon test locations, Lake Markakol, Anti-nuclear movement in Russia
Collection: Populated Places in East Kazakhstan Region
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kurchatov, Kazakhstan

Location of Kurchatov and the Semipalatinsk Test Site within Kazakhstan
A monument to Kurchatov on the background of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site's Central Staff. 1991. Now it is the Town Administration building

Kurchatov (in Kazakh and Russian: Курча́тов) is a town in East Kazakhstan Province in northeast Kazakhstan. Named after Soviet nuclear physicist Igor Kurchatov, the town was once the centre of operations for the adjoining Semipalatinsk Test Site. With the cessation of nuclear testing and the decommissioning of the test site, Kurchatov's population has fallen from over 20,000 to around 8,000.[1] In its heyday Kurchatov (which was known by its postal code Semipalatinsk-16) was a closed city, one of the most secretive and restricted places in the Soviet Union. The nuclear facilities at Kurchatov are managed by the Kazakhstan Institute of Atomic Energy, a division of the country's National Nuclear Center. Population: 10,127 (2009 Census results);[2]9,305 (1999 Census results).[2]


  • Geography 1
  • Infrastructure 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Kurchatov is located on the south bank of the Irtysh River at its confluence with the Chagan River.


A railway connects it to the Pavlodar and Astana to the west and to Semey 100 miles to the east. [3]


  1. ^ "In pictures: Kazakh nuclear town", BBC News website, 2005-12-06
  2. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Semipalatinsk-16 page at Global Security

External links

  • Photographs of Kurchatov taken by an IAEA delegate
  • Photographs of buildings in Kurchatov
  • Tourism tips for visiting Kurchatov
  • "Kurchatov" in Bradt Kazakhstan Guide
  • "Visit to the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site", a blog by a nuclear tourist.

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