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Kurt Dobratz

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Kurt Dobratz

Dr. jur. Kurt Dobratz
File:Kurt Dobratz.jpg
Born 9 April 1904
Died 21 December 1996 (1996-12-22) (aged 92)
Allegiance Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine 1923–1935
   Luftwaffe 1935–1943
 Kriegsmarine 1943–1945
Years of service 1923–1945
Rank Kapitän zur See
Unit Braunschweig
SSS Niobe
Commands held U-1232

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Dr. jur. Kurt Dobratz[Note 1] (9 April 1904 – 21 December 1996) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

From 1 July 1939 until 15 May 1940 Major Dobratz was Gruppenkommandeur of the II.(Kampf)/Lehrgeschwader 1 (LG 1—2nd Bomber Group of the 1st Demonstration Wing) and at the same time commander of the Fliegerhorst (airfield) Schwerin.[1][2] Serving on the staff of the Befehlshaber der U-Boote he succeeded Admiral Hans Georg von Friedeburg as the last Kommandierender Admiral der U-Boote (Commanding Admiral of the U-boats) during the final days of World War II.

Summary of career

Ships attacked

As a U-boat commander of U-1232 Kurt Dobratz is credited with the sinking of three ships for a total of 17,355 gross register tons (GRT), further damaging a ship of 2,373 GRT and damaging one ship of 7,176 GRT so severely that it had to be considered a total loss.

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate[3]
4 January 1945 Nipiwan Park  Canada 2,373 Damaged
4 January 1945 Polarland  Norway 1,591 Sunk
14 January 1945 Athelviking  United Kingdom 8,779 Sunk
14 January 1945 British Freedom  United Kingdom 6,985 Sunk
14 January 1945 Martin Van Buren  United States 7,176 Total loss




  • Schumann, Ralf (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 des LG 1 (in German). Zweibrücken, Germany: VDM Heinz Nickel. ISBN 978-3-86619-013-9.

External links

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