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List of Jews born in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union

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List of Jews born in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union

This List of Jews contains individuals who, in accordance with WorldHeritage's and policies, have been identified as Jews by .

The following is a list of Jews born in the territory of the former Russian Empire. It is geographically defined, so it also includes people born after the dissolution of the Russian Empire in 1922 and its successor the Soviet Union in 1991.

A few years before The Holocaust, the Jewish population of the Soviet Union (excluding Western Ukraine and the Baltic states who were not part of the Soviet Union then) stood at over 5 million, most of whom were Ashkenazic as opposed to Sephardic, with some Karaite minorities. It is estimated that over half died directly as a result of the Shoah. Many more emigrated to Israel, USA, Argentina, and Germany, though Russia and Ukraine still have among the larger Jewish populations in the world today (440,000 in Russia, 300,000 in Ukraine).

Contents

  • Historical figures 1
    • Politicians 1.1
    • Israeli politicians 1.2
    • Israeli military persons 1.3
    • Soviet soldiers and revolutionaries 1.4
    • Others 1.5
  • Business figures 2
  • Scientists 3
    • Natural scientists 3.1
    • Mathematicians 3.2
    • Social scientists and philosophers 3.3
  • Medical scientists and physicians 4
  • Cultural figures 5
    • Fine artists 5.1
    • Musicians 5.2
    • Performing artists 5.3
  • Writers and poets 6
  • Sport figures 7
    • Chess 7.1
    • Boxing 7.2
    • Canoeing 7.3
    • Fencing 7.4
    • Figure skating 7.5
    • Football (American) 7.6
    • Gymnastics 7.7
    • Ice hockey 7.8
    • Judo 7.9
    • Rugby league 7.10
    • Sailing 7.11
    • Shooting 7.12
    • Soccer (association football) 7.13
    • Speed skating 7.14
    • Swimming 7.15
    • Table tennis 7.16
    • Track and field 7.17
    • Volleyball 7.18
    • Water polo 7.19
    • Weightlifting 7.20
    • Wrestling 7.21
    • Other sports 7.22
  • See also 8
  • Footnotes 9
  • External links 10

Historical figures

Politicians

Israeli politicians

Israeli military persons

Soviet soldiers and revolutionaries

Others

Business figures

Scientists

Natural scientists

Mathematicians

Social scientists and philosophers

Medical scientists and physicians

Cultural figures

Fine artists

Musicians

Performing artists

Writers and poets

Sport figures

Chess

Boxing

Canoeing

Fencing

Figure skating

Football (American)

Gymnastics

Ice hockey

  • Max Birbraer, Russian from Kazakhstan; lived & played in Israel; 1st Israeli drafted by NHL team (New Jersey Devils)[165]
  • Vitaly Davydov, Soviet, defenseman, 3x Olympic champion, world & European champion 1963–71, runner-up
  • Alfred Kuchevsky, Soviet, Olympic champion, bronze
  • Yuri Lyapkin, Soviet, defenceman, Olympic champion[166]
  • Yuri Moiseev, Soviet, Olympic champion, world champion[167]
  • Vladimir Myshkin, Soviet, goaltender, Olympic champion, silver[166]
  • Ian Rubin, Ukraine/Australia, Russia national team[168]
  • Yevgeni Zimin, Soviet, Olympic champion 1968–72, world & European champion 1968–69, 1971
  • Viktor Zinger, Soviet, Olympic champion; world champion 1965–69

Judo

Rugby league

  • Ian Rubin, Ukraine/Australia, Russia national team[168]

Sailing

  • Valentyn Mankin, Soviet/Ukraine, only sailor in Olympic history to win gold medals in three different classes (yachting: finn class, tempest class, and star class), silver (yachting, tempest class)

Shooting

  • [169]

Soccer (association football)

Speed skating

  • Rafayel Grach, USSR, Olympic silver (500-meter), bronze (500-meter)

Swimming

  • Vadim Alexeev, Kazakhstan-born Israeli, breaststroke[171]
  • Semyon Belits-Geiman, USSR, Olympic silver (400-m freestyle relay) and bronze (800-m freestyle relay); world record in men's 800-m freestyle
  • Lenny Krayzelburg, Ukrainian-born US, 4x Olympic champion (100-m backstroke, 200-m backstroke, twice 4x100-m medley relay); 3x world champion (100-m and 200-m backstroke, 4×100-m medley) and 2x silver (4×100-m medley, 50-m backstroke); 3 world records (50-, 100-, and 200-m backstroke)

Table tennis

Track and field

Volleyball

Water polo

Weightlifting

  • [169]
  • Grigory Novak, Soviet, Olympic silver (middle-heavyweight); world champion
  • Rudolf Plyukfelder, Soviet, Olympic champion, 2x world champion (light heavyweight)[180]
  • David Rigert, Kazakh-born USSR, Olympic champion, 5x world champion (light-heavyweight and heavyweight), 68 world records[181]
  • Igor Rybak, Ukrainian-born USSR, Olympic champion (lightweight)
  • Valery Shary, Byelorussian-born USSR, Olympic champion (light-heavyweight)

Wrestling

  • [169]
  • Samuel Gerson, Ukrainian-born US, Olympic silver (freestyle featherweight)
  • Boris Maksovich Gurevich, Soviet, Olympic champion (Greco-Roman flyweight), 2x world champion
  • Boris Michail Gurevitsch, USSR, Olympic champion (freestyle middleweight), 2x world champion
  • Oleg Karavaev, USSR, Olympic champion (Greco-Roman bantamweight), 2x world champion[182]
  • Yakov Punkin, Soviet, Olympic champion (Greco-Roman featherweight)
  • [169]

Other sports

See also

Footnotes

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External links

  • Russian Jewish EncyclopediaProminent Jews based on the
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