List of Poland-related topics


The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Poland:

The Republic of Poland is a sovereign country located in Central Europe.[1] Poland is bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north. The total area of Poland is 312,679 km² (120,728 sq mi),[2] making it the 69th largest country in the world and 9th in Europe. Poland has a population of over 38.5 million people, which makes it the 33rd most populous country in the world.[3]

The establishment of a Polish state is often identified with the adoption of Christianity by its ruler Mieszko I in 966 (see Baptism of Poland), when the state covered territory similar to that of present-day Poland. Poland became a kingdom in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a long association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by uniting to form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth collapsed in 1795, and its territory was partitioned among Prussia, Russia, and Austria. Poland regained its independence in 1918 after World War I but lost it again in World War II, occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Poland lost over six million citizens in World War II, and emerged several years later as a socialist republic within the Eastern Bloc under strong Soviet influence. In 1989 communist rule was overthrown and Poland became what is constitutionally known as the "Third Polish Republic". Poland is a unitary state made up of sixteen voivodeships (Polish: województwo). Poland is also a member of the European Union, NATO and OECD.

General reference

Geography of Poland

Main article: Geography of Poland
 Czech Republic 796 km
 Slovakia 541 km
 Ukraine 535 km
 Germany 467 km
 Belarus 418 km
 Russia 210 km
 Lithuania 104 km

Environment of Poland


Natural geographic features of Poland

Regions of Poland

Main article: Regions of Poland

Ecoregions of Poland

Main articles: List of ecoregions in Poland and Ecoregions in Poland

Administrative divisions of Poland

Provinces of Poland
Main article: Provinces of Poland
  • Districts of Poland
Municipalities of Poland

Demography of Poland

Main article: Demographics of Poland

Government and politics of Poland

Branches of the government of Poland

Main article: Government of Poland

Executive branch of the government of Poland

Legislative branch of the government of Poland

Judicial branch of the government of Poland

Main article: Court system of Poland

Foreign relations of Poland

International organization membership

The Republic of Poland is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Poland

Main article: Law of Poland

Military of Poland

Main article: Military of Poland

Local government in Poland

Main article: Local government in Poland

History of Poland

Main articles: History of Poland, Timeline of the history of Poland, and Current events of Poland

Culture of Poland

Main article: Culture of Poland

Art in Poland

Sports in Poland

Main article: Sports in Poland

Economy and infrastructure of Poland

Main article: Economy of Poland

Transportation in Poland

Main article: Transport in Poland

Education in Poland

Main article: Education in Poland

Health in Poland

Main article: Health in Poland

See also

Poland portal
European Union portal
Main article: Poland

References

External links

Atlas of Poland

General
  • Poland.gov.pl - Polish national portal
  • Polish Information
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Poland at the World Factbook
  • Background Note: Poland
Travel
  • Commonwealth of Diverse Cultures: Poland's Heritage
Photos
  • Photos from Poland

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