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MTV Unplugged (Mariah Carey EP)

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MTV Unplugged (Mariah Carey EP)

MTV Unplugged
EP and Live album by Mariah Carey
Released June 2, 1992 (1992-06-02)
Recorded March 16, 1992 at Kaufman Astoria Studios, New York City
Genre R&B, soul, pop, new jack swing
Length 28:45
Label Columbia
Producer Mariah Carey, Walter Afanasieff
Mariah Carey chronology
Emotions
(1991)
MTV Unplugged
(1992)
Music Box
(1993)
Singles from MTV Unplugged
  1. "I'll Be There"
    Released: May 26, 1992
  2. "If It's Over"
    Released: August 28, 1992

MTV Unplugged is an Emotions, as well as help shun critics who deemed Carey a possible studio artist. However, after its success, the show was released to the public as an EP, with an accompanying VHS titled MTV Unplugged +3.

Upon release, the EP garnered generally positive reviews from music critics, many of whom complimented Carey's vocals. Commercially, the album was a success, peaking at number three on the Billboard 200, and was certified three times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), denoting shipments of three million copies within the United States. Additionally, the EP experienced strong success in several international markets, such as the Netherlands and New Zealand, where it reached number one and was certified double platinum. MTV Unplugged peaked within the top five in the United Kingdom, and in the top ten in Australia and Canada.

"I'll Be There" was chosen as the lead single from the album. Due to its critical success up until that point, it was released one month before its parent EP, eventually becoming Carey's sixth chart topper in the United States, and one of the few songs to do so by two different acts. Globally, the song was successful, topping the singles charts in the charts in Canada, the Netherlands and New Zealand, as well as attaining the top five position in Ireland and the United Kingdom. After its success, "If It's Over", a song from Carey's second studio effort Emotions was released, due to its exposure on the show and EP.

Background

After the release of Carey's second studio album, Emotions (1991), critics began wondering whether Carey would finally embark on a worldwide tour, having not toured to promote her self-titled debut album.[1] Although Carey had done several sporadic award show appearances, as well as television program performances, critics began accusing Carey of being a studio artist, not capable of delivering or replicating the same quality vocals live, especially her whistle register.[1] During several televised interviews, Carey addressed the accusations, claiming that she did not tour out of fear of the long travel times and distances, as well as the strain on her voice performing her songs back-to-back. However, in hopes of putting any claims of her being a manufactured artist to rest, Carey and Walter Afanasieff decided to book an appearance on MTV Unplugged, a television program aired by MTV.[1] The show's purpose was to present name artists, and feature them "unplugged" or stripped of studio equipment. While live, the show allowed several musicians and back up vocalists, while recorded in an acoustic setting.[2] The issues Carey faced once the show was booked was the content; she didn't know what material to present at the intimate concert. While Carey felt strongly of her more soulful and powerful songs, it was decided that her most popular content to that point would be included.[2] Days prior to the show's taping, Carey and Afanasieff thought of adding a cover version of an older song, in order to provide something different and unexpected. They chose "I'll Be There", a song made popular by The Jackson 5 in 1970, rehearsing it few times before the night of the show.[2]

Synopsis

A sample from the live performance of the song. It was released as a single, without being re-recorded at a studio. The snippet features Carey's second verse, which was originally sung by the young Michael Jackson in 1970.

Problems playing this file? See .

Carey's performance was recorded on March 16, 1992 at [6] After the song began, the back-up began "piling their vocals" over Carey's, according to author Chris Nickson, and allowed the song to attain a more "churchy feel".[6] He felt the song was superior to the studio version, due to its stripped performance and vocals:

"The roughness of this version succeeded in a way the recorded version on 'Emotions' could never manage. In the sterile atmosphere of a studio, where perfection, technology, and overdubbing were the rules, spontaneity had no place. On the stage, it was valued, and this performance had it. Everyone pushed everyone just a little further, to create something wonderful, and judging by the response, the audience realized it, as did Mariah when the song was finished."[6]

Soon after completing "Make It Happen", Carey eagerly presented the final song on the set list, "I'll Be There". The way the song was arranged, Carey took Michael Jackson's lead, while Trey Lorenz sang the second lead, originally sung by Jermaine Jackson.[7] After performing the sung alongside a very simple arrangement and minimal instrumentals, the back-up singers began humming to the tune of "Can't Let Go", leading Carey to present "another final" song for the show.[7] Several days after the concert, Carey sat down with Melinda Newman from Billboard, telling her of the experience recording the show, as well as her view on it from a creative perspective.[7] She said "Unplugged taught me a lot about myself because I tend to nitpick everything I do and make it a bit too perfect because I'm a perfectionist. I'll always go over the raw stuff, and now I've gotten to the point where I understand the raw stuff is usually better."[7]

Release

Originally, MTV planned to air the show several times during April 1992, it was normal for MTV Unplugged sessions to air around six times during the month of release, before being archived.[8] Carey's version was met with critical acclaim and extended popularity, leading to it being shown more often than usual.[8] Fans from around the United States made multiple requests for the show to be aired on television, and by the end of April 1992, Carey's episode of MTV Unplugged had aired over three-times as much as an average episode would. The concert's success tempted Sony officials to use it as some form of an album. However, Carey and Afansieff were already making headway on a new album set tentatively for release in 1993.[8] This being so, Sony decided to release it as an EP, selling for a reduced price due to its shorter length.[8]

Video

After the success of the EP's lead single "I'll Be There", Sony chose to release not only the EP, but a VHS accompaniment package; a video of the actual concert titled MTV Unplugged +3.[8] Aside from featuring the seven song's performed at Kaufman Astoria Studios, it held three music videos; "Can't Let Go", "Make It Happen", and a rare remix version and video of "Emotions".[8] The video peaked atop the Billboard video chart, and was certified platinum by the RIAA, denoting shipments of 100,000 units throughout the United States.[9]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3/5 stars[10]
Entertainment Weekly (Favorable)[11]
The New York Times (Favorable)[12]
St. Petersburg Times (Favorable)[13]

MTV Unplugged garnered generally positive reviews from music critics. Allmusic editor Shawn M. Haney gave the album three out of five stars, praising Carey's vocals as well as her cover of "I'll Be There".[10] Haney wrote "Gradually, the power and esteem of these tales lift to new heights and remain at a peak with the breathtaking, moment-making performance of "I'll Be There," a charming song first cut by the Jackson 5."[10] Writing for the St. Petersburg Times, Sabrina Miller called Carey an "artiste" and wrote "Programs like MTV Unplugged showcase talent like hers with an exclamation point."[13] Journalist and writer from The New York Times Jon Pareles branded the performance "shrewd," and claimed Carey's cover of I'll be There" "set off fireworks."[12] A writer for Entertainment Weekly called the show a "vocal Tour de force," and wrote "in addition to her breathtaking pipes, she has developed a commanding stage presence."[11] Additionally, they felt Carey's performance of "I'll Be There" was "killer" and concluded their review with "In the process, this rare public appearance reminded us there was a big-league performer inside that party dress."[11]

Commercial performance

Carey alongside Lorenz, performing "I'll Be There" live during Michael Jackson's funeral reception in 2009.

MTV Unplugged debuted at number eight on the Billboard 200, during the week of June 20, 1992.[8] In its third week, the album peaked at number three.[14] In total, the album remained in the top-twenty for fourteen weeks, and on the chart for fifty-seven (making one re-entry). MTV Unplugged was certified triple-platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), denoting shipment of three million copies throughout the country.[9] As of April 2013, Nielsen SoundScan estimates actual sales of the album at 2,774,000 in the United States.[15] On June 20, 1992, MTV Unplugged entered the Canadian RPM Singles Chart at number thirty-seven, eventually peaking at number six five weeks later.[16][17] During the week of November 22, 1992, the album spent its last week on the chart, exiting at number eighty-seven after spending twenty-four weeks on the album's chart.[18] To date, the album has been certified platinum by the Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA), denoting shipments of 70,000 units throughout the country.[19] In Australia, the album debuted at number thirty-four on the ARIA Charts, during the week of July 24, 1992.[20] Weeks later, it peaked at number seven, where it remained for four consecutive weeks, and a total of twenty-five weeks on the chart.[20] The album was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA), denoting shipments of 70,000 copies.[21]

Outside the United States, the album experienced success in several European markets. In Austria, MTV Unplugged entered the albums chart at number thirty-nine, eventually peaking number twenty-one and spending a total of ten weeks on the chart.[22] In France, the album peaked at number twenty-two, and was certified double-gold by the Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (SNEP), with estimated sales of 144,000 copies.[23][24] In the Netherlands, the EP entered the MegaCharts at number sixty-six during the week of June 20, 1992.[25] It eventually peaked at number one, staying there for three consecutive weeks, and a total of 116 weeks on the chart.[25] The Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers (NVPI) certified the album double-platinum, denoting shipments of 200,000 units throughout the country.[26] MTV Unplugged entered the New Zealand Albums Chart at number four during the week of August 2, 1992.[27] After spending three weeks at number one, and a total of nineteen in the chart, the album was certified double-platinum by the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ).[28] On the Swiss Albums Chart dated September 13, 1992, the album reached its peak position of number nineteen.[29] After only five weeks charting within the country, it was certified gold by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI).[30] In the United Kingdom, the album debuted and peaked at number three on the UK Albums Chart, during the week dated July 18, 1992.[31] After spending ten weeks on the chart, the album was certified silver by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI), denoting shipments of 60,000 units.[32]

Singles

After the decision to release the EP was made, Sony decided to release Carey's live version of "I'll Be There" as the only single, due to its critical success.[8] The song debuted at number thirteen on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Carey's highest debut on the chart at the time.[8] After four weeks, the song topped the chart, becoming Carey's sixth number one in the United States, and spending two weeks there.[14] Its success across the globe was strong, peaking at number one on the singles charts in Canada, the Netherlands, and New Zealand, and reached number two and three in the United Kingdom and Ireland, respectively.[33][34][35][36][37] "I'll Be There" was certified gold by both the Australian Recording Industry Association and Recording Industry Association of New Zealand, denoting shipments of 35,000 and 7,500 units of the song in their respective countries.[21][28] After its success, "If It's Over", a song from Carey's second studio effort Emotions was released, due to its exposure on the show and EP. It was given a very limited release, and only charted in the Netherlands, peaking at number 80.[38]

Track listing

No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Emotions"   Mariah Carey, David Cole, Robert Clivillés Carey, Cole, Clivillés 4:00
2. "If It's Over"   Carey, Carole King Carey, King 3:48
3. "Someday"   Carey, Ben Margulies Carey, Margulies 3:57
4. "Vision of Love"   Carey, Margulies Carey 3:36
5. "Make It Happen"   Carey, Cole Carey, Clivillés 4:16
6. "I'll Be There" (featuring Trey Lorenz) Berry Gordy, Bob West, Hal Davis, Willie Hutch Carey, Afanasieff 4:42
7. "Can't Let Go"   Carey, Afanasieff Carey, Afanasieff 4:35

Credits and personnel

Credits for MTV Unplugged adapted from Allmusic.[39]

Charts and certifications

Singles

Year Single Peak chart positions Certifications
(sales thresholds)
US
[53]
US R&B
[54]
US AC
[54]
US Dance
[54]
AUS
[20]
AUT
[22]
CAN
FRA
[23]
GER
[40]
IRE
[40]
ITA
[40]
JAP
NL
[55]
NZ
[56]
SPA
[29]
SWE
[29]
SWI
[29]
UK
[37]
1992 "I'll Be There" 1 11 1 9 1 16 33 3 1 1 26 20 2
"If It's Over" 80
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or was not released.

References

  1. ^ a b c Nickson 1998, p. 70
  2. ^ a b c Nickson 1998, p. 71
  3. ^ a b c d e f Nickson 1998, p. 72
  4. ^ a b c Nickson 1998, p. 73
  5. ^ a b c Nickson 1998, p. 74
  6. ^ a b c d e Nickson 1998, p. 75
  7. ^ a b c d Nickson 1998, p. 76
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Nickson 1998, pp. 78–79
  9. ^ a b "RIAA Gold & Platinum > Mariah Carey". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  10. ^ a b c Haney, Shawn M. "Mariah Carey: MTV Unplugged".  
  11. ^ a b c "Carey On".  
  12. ^ a b Pareles, Jon (1993-12-13). "Review/Pop; Venturing Outside the Studio, Mariah Carey Proves Her Mettle".  
  13. ^ a b Miller, Sabrina (1992-08-07). "Mariah Carey a hit on MTV production Series".  
  14. ^ a b c "Mariah Carey > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums".  
  15. ^ Trust, Gary (2013-04-02). "Ask Billboard: Belinda's Back, JT Too, Mariah Carey's Album Sales & More". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2013-05-11. 
  16. ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 56, No. 1, June 20, 1992".  
  17. ^ a b "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 56, No. 5, August 01 1992". RPM. 1992-08-01. Retrieved 2010-09-25. 
  18. ^ "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 56, No. 22, November 28, 1992". RPM. 1992-11-28. Retrieved 2010-09-25. 
  19. ^ "CRIA Certifications > Mariah Carey".  
  20. ^ a b c d "Mariah Carey: MTV Unplugged".  
  21. ^ a b Kent, David (2003). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992.  
  22. ^ a b c "Mariah Carey: MTV Unplugged".  
  23. ^ a b c "French Charts > Mariah Carey" (in French).  
  24. ^ a b "Album Runs" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  25. ^ a b c "Mariah Carey – MTV Unplugged EP".  
  26. ^ "Dutch Certifications Database – Mariah Carey" (in Dutch).  
  27. ^ a b "Mariah Carey – MTV Unplugged EP".  
  28. ^ a b c Scapolo, Dean (2007). The Complete New Zealand Music Charts 1966–2006.  
  29. ^ a b c d e "Mariah Carey: MTV Unplugged".  
  30. ^ "Awards: Mariah Carey". Swiss Music Charts.  
  31. ^ "Top 40 Official UK Albums Archive".  
  32. ^ "Certified Awards Search".  
  33. ^ "Top Singles – Volume 56, No. 2, July 11, 1992". RPM. 1992-07-11. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  34. ^ "Mariah Carey: I'll Be There".  
  35. ^ "Mariah Carey: I'll Be There".  
  36. ^ "Search The Charts".  
  37. ^ a b "UK Charts > Mariah Carey". The Official Charts Company. British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2010-04-07. 
  38. ^ "Mariah Carey: If It's Over".  
  39. ^ "Mariah Carey – MTV Unplugged: Credits". Allmusic. All Media Guide. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2011-03-19. 
  40. ^ a b c d "Chartverfolgung / Carey, Mariah / Longplay" (in German). musicline.de PhonoNet. Retrieved 2010-04-07. 
  41. ^ "Profile of Mariah Carey" (in Japanese).  
  42. ^ "Mariah Carey – MTV Unplugged EP".  
  43. ^ "Mariah Carey – MTV Unplugged EP".  
  44. ^ "Top 40 Official UK Albums Archive". The Official Charts Company. British Phonographic Industry. 1992-07-18. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  45. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2003 Albums".  
  46. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Mariah Carey – MTV Unplugged EP".  
  47. ^ "French album certifications – Mariah Carey – MTV Unplugged EP" (in French).  
  48. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Mariah Carey – MTV Unplugged EP" (in Dutch).  
  49. ^ THE FIELD id (chart number) MUST BE PROVIDED for NEW ZEALAND CERTIFICATION.
  50. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Mariah Carey; 'MTV Unplugged EP')". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2010. 
  51. ^ "British album certifications – Mariah Carey – MTV Unplugged EP".   Enter MTV Unplugged EP in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  52. ^ "American album certifications – Mariah Carey – MTV UNPLUGGED EP".   If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  53. ^ "Billboard – Artists – Mariah Carey". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  54. ^ a b c "Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  55. ^ "Dutch Top 40 > Mariah Carey". Stichting Nederlands Top 40. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  56. ^ "New Zealand Charts > Mariah Carey". charts.org.nz Hung Medien. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 

Works cited

  • Nickson, Chris (1998). Mariah Carey revisited: her story.  
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