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Macon, Georgia

Macon, Georgia
Consolidated city–county
Macon-Bibb County
Downtown Macon
Downtown Macon


Location in Georgia
Macon, Georgia
Location in the United States
Country United States of America
State Georgia
County Bibb
 • Mayor Robert Reichert (D)
 • Consolidated city–county 661 km2 (255.13 sq mi)
 • Land 647 km2 (249.96 sq mi)
 • Water 3.2 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
Elevation 116 m (381 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Consolidated city–county 153,691 [1]
 • Metro 231,259 (193rd)
 • CSA 417,473 (97th)
 • Demonym Maconites
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 31200-31299
Area code(s) 478
FIPS code 13-49000[2]
GNIS feature ID 0332301[3]

Macon (officially Macon-Bibb County) is a city located in the state of Bibb County and had a 2014 estimated population of 153,691. Macon is the principal city of the Macon metropolitan area, which had an estimated population of 231,259 in 2014. Macon is also the largest city in the Macon-Warner Robins Combined Statistical Area, a larger trading area with an estimated 417,473 residents in 2014; the CSA abuts the Atlanta metropolitan area just to the north.

In a 2012 referendum, voters approved the consolidation of Macon and Augusta). The two governments officially merged on January 1, 2014.[4] Macon is served by three interstate highways: I-16 (connecting the city to Savannah and coastal Georgia), I-75 (connecting the city with Atlanta to the north and Florida to the south), and I-475 (a city bypass highway).

The city has several institutions of higher education, as well as numerous museums and tourism sites. The area is served by the Macon-Bibb, and he took office on January 1, 2014.[5]


  • History 1
  • Government and politics 2
    • Consolidation 2.1
    • Suburban flight and urban decay 2.2
  • Geography 3
    • Climate 3.1
    • Surrounding cities and towns 3.2
  • Demographics 4
  • Economy 5
    • Personal income 5.1
    • Retail 5.2
    • Military 5.3
  • Arts and culture 6
    • Musical heritage 6.1
    • Festivals 6.2
    • Points of interest 6.3
      • Historical sites 6.3.1
      • Museums 6.3.2
      • Community 6.3.3
  • Sports 7
  • Parks and recreation 8
  • Education 9
    • Public high schools 9.1
    • Private high schools 9.2
    • Private and specialized schools 9.3
    • Colleges and universities 9.4
  • Media 10
    • Newspapers and magazines 10.1
    • Television stations 10.2
    • Radio stations 10.3
  • Infrastructure 11
    • Hospitals 11.1
    • Transportation 11.2
      • Airports 11.2.1
      • Highways 11.2.2
      • Mass Transit 11.2.3
  • Notable people 12
  • Sister cities 13
  • See also 14
  • Notes 15
  • References 16
  • Further reading 17
  • External links 18


Macon lies on the site of the [6]

Macon developed at the site of Fort Benjamin Hawkins, built from 1806–1809 at the fall line of the Ocmulgee River to protect the new frontier and establish a trading post with Native Americans. The fort was named in honor of Benjamin Hawkins, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Southeast territory south of the Ohio River for more than two decades. He lived among the Creek and had a Creek wife. This was the most inland point of navigation on the river from the Low Country. President Thomas Jefferson forced the Creek to cede their lands east of the Ocmulgee River and ordered the fort built. (Archeological excavations in the 21st century found evidence of two separate fortifications.)[7]

Fort Hawkins guarded the Lower Creek Pathway, an extensive and well-traveled American Indian network later improved by the United States as the Federal Road from Washington, DC to the ports of Mobile, Alabama and New Orleans, Louisiana.[7] A gathering point of the Creek and American cultures for trading, it was also a center of state militia and federal troops. The fort served as a major military distribution point during the War of 1812 against Great Britain and also during the Creek War of 1813. Afterward, the fort was used as a trading post for several years and was garrisoned until 1821. It was decommissioned about 1828 and later burned to the ground. A replica of the southeast blockhouse was built in 1938 and stands today on a hill in east Macon. Part of the fort site is occupied by the Fort Hawkins Grammar School.[7] In the twenty-first century, archeological excavations have revealed more of the fort's importance, and stimulated planning for additional reconstruction of this major historical site.

Child labor in Macon, 1909. Photo by Lewis Hine.

As many settlers had already begun to move into the area, they renamed Fort Hawkins "Newtown." After the organization of Bibb County in 1822, the city was chartered as the county seat in 1823 and officially named Macon. This was in honor of the North Carolina statesman Nathaniel Macon,[8] because many of the early settlers hailed from North Carolina. The city planners envisioned "a city within a park" and created a city of spacious streets and parks. They designated 250 acres (1.0 km2) for Central City Park, and passed ordinances requiring residents to plant shade trees in their front yards.

The city thrived due to its location on the Ocmulgee River, which enabled shipping to markets; cotton became the mainstay of Macon's early economy, based on the


    • Central Georgia
    • Downtown Macon, Georgia
    • Macon, Georgia metropolitan area
    • List of mayors of Macon, Georgia

    See also

    [67], Inc. (SCI):Sister Cities International, as designated by sister citiesMacon has six

    Sister cities

    Jason Aldean - Country music artist

    Notable people

    Macon grew as a center of rail transport after the 1846 opening of the Macon and Western Railroad.[66] Two of the most note-worthy train companies operating through the city were the Georgia Rail Passenger Program to restore inter-city rail service.

    Greyhound Lines provides intercity bus service.

    Macon Transit Authority has a tourist trolley system. The trolleys have offered tours of the downtown Macon area since 1999. The tours consist of all of the major historical sites such as the Georgia Music Hall of Fame, the Hay House, and the Tubman Museum. There are three trolleys holding up to 39 passengers.

    The Macon Transit Authority (MTA) is Macon's public-transit system, operating the Public Transit City Bus System throughout Macon-Bibb County. Most commuters in Macon and the surrounding suburbs use private automobiles as their primary transportation. This results in heavy traffic during rush hour and contributes to Macon's air pollution. The MTA has a total of 10 city bus routes and an express bus that serves suburban Warner Robins just south of the city.

    MTA-MAC City Bus

    Mass Transit

    • State Route 11
    • State Route 19
    • State Route 22
    • State Route 74

    State Routes:

    • U.S. Route 23
    • U.S. Route 41
    • U.S. Route 80
    • U.S. Route 129

    U.S. Routes:

    • Interstate 16
    • Interstate 75
    • Interstate 475



    • Macon Downtown Airport is located near downtown. It has a large number of corporate and private aviation aircraft.
    • Middle Georgia Regional Airport provides public air service to Macon as well as cargo flights. The airport is situated 9 mi (14 km) south of downtown.



    • Central Georgia Rehabilitation Hospital
    • Coliseum Medical Centers
    • Coliseum Northside Hospital
    • Medical Center of Central Georgia


    Medical Center of Central Georgia


    • WYPZ 900 AM - Macon (Urban AC "Kiss 105.1/107.5" (WRWR-FM simulcast))
    • WMAC 940 AM - Macon (Talk)
    • WPGA 980 AM - Macon (Talk)
    • WXKO 1150 AM - Fort Valley/Macon (Country)
    • WDDO 1240 AM - Macon (Gospel)
    • WIHB 1280 AM - Macon (Country)
    • WNEX 1400 AM - Macon (News Talk)
    • WAYS 1500 AM - Macon (Sports - "The Fan")
    • WPLA 1670 AM - Macon (Sports Talk - "Fox Sports Radio")


    • WBKG 88.9 - Macon (Religious)
    • WMUM-FM 89.7 - Macon (Georgia Public Broadcasting/National Public Radio)
    • WLZN 92.3 - Macon (Urban hip-hop - "Blazin' 92.3")
    • WPEZ 93.7 - Macon (Adult contemporary - "Z93.7")
    • WMGB 95.1 (Top 40 (CHR) - "All the Hits B95.1") - Macon
    • WIHB-FM 96.5 - Macon (Country)
    • WDEN 99.1 - Macon (Country)
    • WMGZ 97.7 FM - Macon
    • WIBB-FM 97.9 - Macon (Urban - Hip-Hop "97.9 WIBB")
    • WNEX-FM 100.9 - Macon (Country)
    • WRBV 101.7 - Macon (Urban AC - "V101.7")
    • W286CE-FM 105.1 - Fort Valley (Urban AC "Kiss 105.1/107.5" (WRWR-FM simulcast))
    • WROK-FM 105.5 - Macon (Mainstream rock - "Rock 105")
    • WQBZ 106.3 - Macon ( Mainstream rock "Q106-3")
    • WFXM 107.1 - Macon (Hip-hop & R&B "Power 107")
    • WRWR (FM) 107.5 - Cochran (Urban AC "Kiss 105.1/107.5")


    Radio stations

    Television stations

    • The Telegraph, a daily newspaper, is published in Macon.
    • The 11th Hour
    • Gateway Macon (web portal)|Gateway Macon]], The Local's Guide for Things To Do in Macon.

    Newspapers and magazines

    Macon has a substantial number of local television and radio stations. It is also served by two local papers.


    Approximately 30,000 college students live in the greater Macon area.[64] Mercer, Middle Georgia State University, and Wesleyan College have the largest populations of "traditional" college students. Georgia College & State University has a "Center for Graduate and Professional Learning" in Macon.[65]

    Colleges and universities

    • The Academy for Classical Education[60]
    • Northwoods Academy[61]
    • Elam Alexander Academy[62]
    • Georgia Academy for the Blind[63]

    Private and specialized schools

    Private high schools

    Public high schools

    Mercer University


    • Ocmulgee Heritage Trail - a green way of parks, plazas, and landmarks along the Ocmulgee River in downtown Macon
    • Bloomfield Park
    • East Macon Park
    • Frank Johnson Recreation Center
    • Freedom Park
    • L.H. Williams Community School Center
    • Memorial Park
    • North Macon Park
    • Rosa Jackson
    • Senior Center
    • John Drew Smith Tennis Center
    • Tattnall Square Tennis Center

    The city maintains several parks and community centers.[52]

    Parks and recreation

    League Sport Venue
    Middle Georgia Derby Demons Roller Derby Bibb Skate Arena
    Club Sport League Venue
    Macon Giants[51] Baseball Great South League Ed Defore Sports Complex


    • Douglass Theatre
    • The Grand Opera House, where the Macon Symphony Orchestra performs
    • Hay House - also known as the "Johnston-Felton-Hay House," it has been referred to as the "Palace of the South"[49]
    • City Auditorium, the world's largest true copper dome [50]
    • Macon Coliseum
    • Macon Little Theatre, established in 1934, the area's oldest community theatre, producing seven plays/musicals per season
    • Waddell Barnes Botanical Gardens
    Macon City Auditorium -- World's Largest True Copper Dome
  • ^ The record number of triple digit (Fahrenheit) readings is 24 in 1954.[25]
  • ^ The historical range is 31 in 1994 to 116 in 2011.[25]
  • ^ Official records for Macon were kept at downtown from October 1892 to 7 April 1899, the Weather Bureau from 8 April 1899 to November 1948, and at Middle Georgia Regional Airport since December 1948. For more information, see ThreadEx.
  • References

    1. ^,349,008.html
    2. ^ a b c
    3. ^ a b
    4. ^ a b
    5. ^ a b ""
    6. ^ a b
    7. ^ a b c "Fort Hawkins" page, City of Macon, accessed 15 July 2011
    8. ^
    9. ^
    10. ^ "Macon", Roadside Georgia
    11. ^ "Macon: Camp Oglethorpe", My Civil War
    12. ^
    13. ^ The Last Battle of the Civil War, Digital Gallery, University of South Georgia
    14. ^
    15. ^ Terminal Station - Georgia's Railroad History & Heritage
    16. ^
    17. ^
    18. ^ City-County Consolidation Proposals, 1921 - Present, National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
    19. ^ The Effects on City-County Consolidation
    20. ^ Consolidation pass for Macon and Bibb county in the 2012 vote.Consolidation of City and County Governments: Attempts in Five Cities. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
    21. ^
    22. ^
    23. ^
    24. ^
    25. ^ a b c d
    26. ^
    27. ^
    28. ^
    29. ^
    30. ^
    31. ^
    32. ^ Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Components, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
    33. ^ Micropolitan Statistical Areas and Components, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
    34. ^ Combined Statistical Areas and Component Core Based Statistical Areas, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.
    35. ^ Macon city, GA economic characteristics United States Census Bureau (2010) (dead link)
    36. ^ Robins Air Force Base
    37. ^
    38. ^ Georgia Music Hall of Fame. "Alan Walden - Georgia Music Hall of Fame 2003 Inductee". Retrieved August 27, 2008.
    39. ^
    40. ^
    41. ^
    42. ^
    43. ^ Terminal Station - Georgia's Railroad History & Heritage
    44. ^ Alfred T. Fellheimer - Projects
    45. ^
    46. ^ "Sidney Lanier Cottage", Historic Macon
    47. ^ "History of TBI", Synagogue website, accessed August 28, 2009
    48. ^
    49. ^
    50. ^
    51. ^
    52. ^ Macon City Department - Recreation Centers
    53. ^
    54. ^
    55. ^
    56. ^
    57. ^
    58. ^
    59. ^ Covenant Academy
    60. ^
    61. ^
    62. ^
    63. ^
    64. ^
    65. ^
    66. ^
    67. ^ Macon's Sister City Program, Retrieved June 27, 2010.

    Further reading

    • Bellamy, Donnie D. "Macon, Georgia, 1823–1860: A Study in Urban Slavery", Phylon 45 (December 1984): 300–304, 308–309
    • Brown, Titus. "A New England Missionary and African-American Education in Macon: Raymond G. Von Tobel at the Ballard Normal School, 1908–1935", The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Summer 1998, Vol. 82 Issue 2, pp 283–304
    • Brown, Titus. "Origins of African American Education in Macon, Georgia 1865–1866", Journal of South Georgia History, Oct 1996, Vol. 11, pp 43–59
    • Butler, John Campbell. Historical Record of Macon and Central Georgia (Macon, 1879),
    • Davis, Robert Scott. "A Cotton Kingdom Retooled for War: The Macon Arsenal and the Confederate Ordnance Establishment", The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Fall 2007, Vol. 91 Issue 3, pp 266–291, full text online in EBSCO
    • Davis, Robert S. Cotton, Fire, & Dreams: The Robert Findlay Iron Works and Heavy Industry in Macon, Georgia, 1839–1912 (Macon, Ga., 1998)
    • Eisterhold, John A. "Commercial, Financial, and Industrial Macon, Georgia, During the 1840s", The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Winter 1969, Vol. 53 Issue 4, pp 424–441
    • Hux, Roger K. "The Ku Klux Klan in Macon 1919–1925", The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Summer 1978, Vol. 62 Issue 2, pp 155–168
    • Iobst, Richard W. Civil War Macon: The History of a Confederate City (Mercer U. Press, 1999). 462 pp.
    • Keire, Mara L. For Business and Pleasure: Red-Light Districts and the Regulation of Vice in the United States, 1890–1933 (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010); 248 pages; History and popular culture of districts in Macon, Ga., and other cities
    • McInvale, Morton Ray "Macon, Georgia: The War Years, 1861–1865" (Ph.D. dissertation, Florida State University, 1973)
    • Manis, Andrew M. Macon Black and White: An Unutterable Separation in the American Century (Mercer U. Press, 2004). 432 pp.
    • Norman, Matthew W. "James H. Burton and the Confederate States Armory at Macon", The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Winter 1997, Vol. 81 Issue 4, pp 974–987
    • Stone, James H. "Economic Conditions in Macon, Georgia in the 1830s", The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Summer 1970, Vol. 54 Issue 2, pp 209–225
    • Yates, Bowling C. "Macon, Georgia, Inland Trading Center 1826–1836", The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Fall 1971, Vol. 55 Issue 3, pp 365–377
    • Young, Ida, Julius Gholson, and Clara Nell Hargrove. History of Macon, Georgia (Macon, 1950)

    External links

    • Official City Government Website
    • Macon-Bibb County Convention and Visitors Bureau
    • Macon (the New Georgia Encyclopedia)
    • Macon (Georgia) travel guide from Wikivoyage



Historical sites

Points of interest

  • International Cherry Blossom Festival - a 10-day celebration held every mid-March in Macon
  • The Mulberry Street Festival,[41] - an arts and crafts festival held downtown the last weekend of March
  • The Juneteenth Freedom Festival - An annual June performing arts & educational observance of the end of American slavery 1865, celebrating black freedom and heritage, ancient & contemporary
  • Pan African Festival - an annual celebration of African American culture held in April
  • Ocmulgee Indian Celebration - A celebration of Macon's original Native American Heritage, this festival is held in September at Ocmulgee National Monument. Representatives from the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, and other nations come to share stories, exhibit native art, and perform.
  • The Georgia State Fair - held in Central City Park in the first week of May
  • The Georgia Music Hall of Fame hosts Georgia Music Week in September.
  • Macon's annual Bragg Jam festival features an Art and Kids' Festival along the Ocmulgee Heritage Trail and a nighttime Pub Crawl.
  • Macon Film Festival (MaGa)[42] - an annual celebration of independent films, held the third weekend in February
Georgia State Fair


[40] performs at the [39] The Macon Symphony Orchestra

Macon was the birthplace or hometown of musicians Emmett Miller, The Allman Brothers Band, Randy Crawford, Mark Heard, Lucille Hegamin, Otis Redding, Little Richard, Mike Mills,[37] and Bill Berry of R.E.M., as well as more recent names like violinist Robert McDuffie and country artist Jason Aldean. September Hase, an alternative rock band, was discovered in Macon. Capricorn Records, run by Macon natives Phil Walden and briefly Alan Walden, made the city a hub for Southern rock music in the late 1960s and 1970s.[38]

A statue of Otis Redding

Musical heritage

Arts and culture

The headquarters of the Georgia Army National Guard is located here.

. Warner Robins is just south of Macon, next to the city of [36]


Malls include: The Shoppes at River Crossing, Macon Mall, and Eisenhower Crossing. Traditional shopping centers are in the downtown area, and Ingleside Village.


According to the 2010 Census, the median household income in the city was $28,366, as compared with the state average of $49,347. The median family income was $37, 268. Full-time working males had a median income of $34,163 versus $28,082 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,010. About 24.1% of families and 30.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.6% of those under age 18 and 18.4% of those over 65.[35]

Personal income


In the city the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 79.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.8 males.

There were 38,444 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.0% were married couples living together, 25.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.08.

As of the official 2010 U.S. Census,[2] the population of Macon was 91,351. In the last official census, in 2000, there were 97,255 people, 38,444 households, and 24,219 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,742.8 people per square mile (672.9/km2). There were 44,341 housing units at an average density of 794.6 per square mile (306.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.94% African American, 28.56% White, 0.02% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.48% of the population.

Macon is the largest principal city of the Peach County),[32][33][34] which had a combined population of 346,801 at the 2000 census.[2]

Location of the Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley CSA and its components:
  Macon Metropolitan Statistical Area
  Warner Robins Metropolitan Statistical Area
  Fort Valley Micropolitan Statistical Area


Downtown Macon at night

Surrounding cities and towns

Macon has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 46.3 °F (7.9 °C) in January to 81.8 °F (27.7 °C) in July. On average, there are 4.8 days with 100 °F (38 °C)+ highs (but they do not occur every year),[1] 83 days with 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs,[2] and 43 days with a low at or below freezing; the average window for freezing temperatures is November 7 thru March 22, allowing a growing season of 198 days. The city has an average annual precipitation of 45.7 inches (1,160 mm). Snow is occasional, with about half of the winters receiving trace amounts or no snowfall, averaging 0.7 inches (1.8 cm); the snowiest winter is 1972−73 with 16.5 in (42 cm).[25][26][27]


Macon is approximately 330 feet (100 m) above sea level.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 56.3 square miles (146 km2), of which, 55.8 square miles (145 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (0.82%) is water.

Macon is located at (32.834839, −83.651672).[24]

Macon is one of Georgia's three Columbus. The Fall Line is where the hilly lands of the Piedmont plateau meet the flat terrain of the coastal plain. As such, Macon has a varied landscape of rolling hills on the north side and flat plains on the south. The fall line causes rivers in the area to flow rapidly toward the ocean. In the past, Macon and other Fall Line cities had many textile mills powered by the rivers. The Ocmulgee River is the major river that runs through Macon.

The Macon-Bibb County Courthouse


Like many major industrial cities in the midwest and northeast, the city of Macon has suffered from urban decay, dilapidated bungalow houses and homes, high crime rates, air pollution from factories and urban blight which has caused flight from the city core to the more suburban portions of Bibb County and to more suburban areas like Houston County, just south of the city. This has played a major role in the conception of consolidation to combat the issues in a more unified manner. This has been more of an issue for Macon than Georgia's other 2nd-tier cities.

Suburban flight and urban decay

Under the planned consolidation, the governments of Macon and Bibb County will be replaced with a single mayor and a nine-member countywide commission elected to office by county districts. A portion of Macon that extends into nearby Jones County will be deincorporated from Macon. Macon-Bibb after the election in September 2013 and a runoff with C. Jack Ellis in October.[5][21][22][23]

[20][19][18] four previous consolidation attempts (in 1933, 1960, 1972, and 1976) had failed.[17] On July 31, 2012, voters in Macon (57.8 percent approval) and Bibb County (56.7 percent approval) passed a referendum to merge the governments of the city of Macon and most of unincorporated Bibb County, based on the authorization of House Bill 1171, passed by the


The city council is, to date, the only city council in Georgia to conduct partisan elections, with the city council leaning mostly to the Democratic Party.

The Macon City Council consists of a 15-member council, in which each three members are elected from each of 5 wards of the city. James E. Timley is the Council President, and Larry Schlesinger is the President Pro-Tem.

Macon is governed by a mayor and a city council. The mayor is C. Jack Ellis (1999-2007), was the first person of African-American descent to be elected to the position in the city's history.

Government and politics

[4]In 2012, voters in Macon and Bibb County approved a new consolidated government between the city and county, making the city's new boundary lines the same as the county's and deannexing a small portion of the city that once lay in Jones County.

On May 11, 2008 An EF2 tornado touched down near Lizella. The tornado then tracked northeast to the south shore of Lake Tobesofkee then continued into Macon and lifted near Dry Branch near the Twiggs County line. The tornado did not produce a continuous path, but did produce sporadic areas of major damage. Widespread straight-line wind damage was also produced along and south of the track of the tornado. The most significant damage was in the city of Macon especially along Eisenhower Parkway and Pio Nono Avenue where 2 businesses were destroyed and several others sustaining heavy damage. Middle Georgia State College was also hit by the tornado, snapping or uprooting 50 percent or more of the trees and doing significant damage to several buildings on campus with the gymnasium sustaining the worst damage. This tornado varied in intensity from EF0 to EF2 with the EF2 damage and winds up to 130 miles per hour (210 km/h) occurring near the intersection of Eisenhower Parkway and Pio Nono Avenue. Total path length was 18 miles (29 km) with a path width of 100 yards (91 m).

[16] In 1994

Downtown Macon in the early 1900s

[15] Gradually into the twentieth century, Macon grew into a prospering town in Middle Georgia. It began to serve as a transportation hub for the entire state. In 1895, the

The city was taken by Union forces at the end of the war during Wilson's Raid on April 20, 1865.[13]

The Macon Telegraph wrote that, of the 23 companies which the city had furnished the Confederacy, only enough men survived and were fit for duty to fill five companies by the end of the war. The human toll was very high.[12]

Macon City Hall, which served as the temporary state capitol in 1864, was converted to use as a hospital for the wounded. The Union General Milledgeville, and Maconites prepared for an attack. Sherman did not bother to go through Macon.

During the American Civil War, Macon served as the official arsenal of the Confederacy. Camp Oglethorpe, in Macon, was used first as a prison for captured Union officers and enlisted men. Later it held officers only, up to 2,300 at one time. The camp was evacuated in 1864.[11]


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