World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Maitri

Article Id: WHEBN0000773108
Reproduction Date:

Title: Maitri  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dakshin Gangotri, Indian Antarctic Program, Mainland India, Amateur radio call signs of India, Catastrophe Ballet
Collection: Indian Antarctic Program, Outposts of Antarctica
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Maitri

Maitri
Research Station
Maitri is located in Antarctica
Maitri
Coordinates:
Country  India
Government
 • Type Polar Research Organisation
 • Body Indian Antarctic Programme

Maitri is India's second permanent research station in Antarctica. It was built and finished in 1989, shortly before the first station Dakshin Gangotri was buried in ice and abandoned in 1990–91.[1] Maitri is situated on the rocky mountainous region called Schirmacher Oasis. It is only 5 km away from Russian Novolazarevskaya Station.

Contents

  • Facilities 1
  • Milestones 2
  • Expeditions 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Facilities

The station has modern facilities to carry out research in various disciplines, such as biology, earth sciences, glaciology, atmospheric sciences, meteorology, cold region engineering, communication, human physiology and medicine. It has a capacity to accommodate 25 people for winter. Fresh water is provided through a fresh water lake named Lake Priyadarshini, in front of Maitri.

Milestones

India's commitment to polar science can be summarised by the following milestones:

On 19 August 1983 India was admitted to the Antarctic Treaty and thereafter obtained Consultative Status. In the same year The permanent station Dakshin Gangotri was built, where the first Wintering was conducted. Prof Bimalendu B Bhattacharya from Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, Leader Fourth Indian Scientific Antarctic Expedition (1984-85) selected the site for Indian Permanent Antarctica Station "Maitri" (Friendship) on Schirmacher Oasis. Soon on 1 October 1984, India was admitted as a member of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR).

2 years later India became a member of Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR).

Between 1988–1989 India built its second indigenous station ‘Maitri’. In 1997 India ratified the Environment Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty, thus committing to the preservation of Antarctica. India completed its first 25 years in Antarctica and launched an expedition in December 2005 called the Silver Jubilee Indian Antarctic Expedition.

Later progressingly, India, in the year 2010, launched a new scientific expedition to South Pole – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-11670634 India's new research station -Bharathi(Research Station). Bharathi was supposed to be opened on 2012 officially, but not happened yet. The research station has been operational since March 18, 2012.

Expeditions

expedition

The chapter of the Indian Antarctic Programme started in December 1981 when the first Indian Expedition set off for Antarctica from Goa. It was led by S.Z. Qasim. Subsequently, annual Antarctic expeditions have been sent through the Department of Ocean Development and the National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research. So far, thirty two such expeditions have been launched, including one to the Weddell Sea; one of these was a krill expedition to the southern ocean.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Maitri". 70south. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 

External links

  • National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research (NCAOR) of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of Government of India
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.