World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mansfield Training School and Hospital

Article Id: WHEBN0020161044
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mansfield Training School and Hospital  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mansfield, Connecticut
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mansfield Training School and Hospital

Mansfield Training School and Hospital
The Knight Hospital
Location Jct. of CT 32 & CT 44, Mansfield, Connecticut
Coordinates
Area 350 acres (140 ha)
Built 1917
Architect Cudworth,Woodworth,& Thompson; Et al.
Architectural style Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals; Greek Revival; Late Victorian
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 87001513[1]
Added to NRHP December 22, 1987

Mansfield Training School and Hospital was a facility for the developmentally disabled located in Mansfield, Connecticut, and run by the state of Connecticut. It was active from 1860 to 1993. Its former campus in Mansfield is a 350-acre (140 ha) historic district that was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987.[1]

The caretaker's residence was featured on the SyFy channel's Paranormal Witness on September 28, 2011 as a location of alleged paranormal activity.[2]

History

The hospital opened in Lakeville in 1860 as the Connecticut School for Imbeciles at Lakeville. Its name was changed to the Connecticut Training School for the Feebleminded at Lakeville in 1915. Two years later, it merged with the Connecticut Colony for Epileptics (founded at Mansfield in 1910) and acquired its present name.[3]

When it opened in 1917, the merged institution had 402 students in residence. By 1932, the resident population had grown to 1,070. During the Depression and World War II, demand for its services increased, resulting in both overcrowding and long waiting lists for new enrollments. Staffing levels increased during the 1960s as philosophies on treatment of developmental disabilities changed, and there were 1,609 residents and 875 full-time staff as of 1969. During the 1970s and 1980s many residents were relocated from dormitories to on-campus cottages or to group homes located around the state. By 1976 the resident population had dropped to 1,106, and by 1991 just 141 people remained as residents.[4]

In 1993, after numerous lawsuits concerning the conditions of the hospital, Mansfield Training School was closed and its patients sent to outpatient facilities and other institutions.[4] After the closure, some dilapidated buildings were demolished. Other buildings were split between the Bergin Correctional Institution and the University of Connecticut.[4][5]

Historic district

The "Mansfield Training School and Hospital" was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987. The listed area was 350 acres (1.4 km2) and included 53 contributing buildings and seven non-contributing buildings. The majority of the contributing buildings were institutional buildings built between 1914 and 1930, all designed by the same architectural firm. Architectural styles represented included Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Greek Revival, and Late Victorian architecture.[1][6] Also, the district included a farm that was operated beginning in 1909. The farm supplied the institution with most of its food and provided occupational therapy for people with epilepsy, as farm labor was deemed to prevent epileptic seizures. Children housed in the institution hand-molded the concrete blocks used to construct barns on the farm property.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ http://www.syfy.com/paranormalwitness/episodes
  3. ^ "Brief Descriptions of Connecticut State Agencies: Mansfield State Training School and Hospital". Connecticut Public Library. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  4. ^ a b c Juliane Silver (2010), Finding Aid RG 170:001, Mansfield Training School Inventory of Records, Connecticut State Library website. Revised November 29, 2010.
  5. ^ "The Dean's Almanac: Here's to Ewe, UConn". 2007-01-08. Retrieved 2008-11-10. 
  6. ^ a b Jan Cunningham and John Herzan (March 10, 1987). "NRHP Inventory-Nomination: Mansfield Training School and Hospital / Mansfield Training School". National Park Service.  and Accompanying 16 photos, from 1986
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.