World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mixotricha paradoxa

Article Id: WHEBN0004279406
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mixotricha paradoxa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Coprophagia, Symbiosis, Excavata, Histiona, Dinenympha
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mixotricha paradoxa

Mixotricha paradoxa
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Excavata
Phylum: Metamonada
Class: Parabasalia
Order: Trichomonadida
Family: Devescovinidae
Genus: Mixotricha
Species: M. paradoxa
Binomial name
Mixotricha paradoxa
Sutherland, 1933

Mixotricha paradoxa is a species of protozoan that lives inside the gut of the Australian termite species Mastotermes darwiniensis[1] and has multiple bacterial symbionts.[2] The name, given by the Australian biologist J.L. Sutherland, who first described Mixotricha in 1933,[3][4] means “the paradoxical being with mixed-up hairs”.

Symbiosis

Mixotricha forms many symbiotic relationships. Like its relatives, including Trichonympha, it lives in the gut of termites and helps them digest cellulose, a major component of the wood they eat. Without Mixotricha, its host termites could not survive.

Mixotricha forms hydrogenosomes which produce hydrogen and small structures called mitosomes. [5]

Genome

According to Margulis and Sagan (2001), Mixotricha have five symbiogenesis. Hunt et al. (2001, 2002) also consider it a composite organism with five genomes.

References

  1. ^ Radek R, Nitsch G (November 2007). "Ectobiotic spirochetes of flagellates from the termite Mastotermes darwiniensis: attachment and cyst formation". Eur. J. Protistol. 43 (4): 281–94.  
  2. ^ Brugerolle G (October 2004). "Devescovinid features, a remarkable surface cytoskeleton, and epibiotic bacteria revisited in Mixotricha paradoxa, a parabasalid flagellate". Protoplasma 224 (1–2): 49–59.  
  3. ^ Jean L. Sutherland: Protozoa from Australian Termites. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, Band s2-76, S. 145-173. (Abstract)
  4. ^ L. R. Cleveland, A. V. Grimstone: The Fine Structure of the Flagellate Mixotricha paradoxa and Its Associated Micro-Organisms. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, Band 159, 1964, S. 668-686. doi:10.1098/rspb.1964.0025
  5. ^ tutorgig.net
  6. ^  

External links

  • Electron micrographs: [1] [2]
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.