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National territory

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National territory

Provinces of Argentina
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Category Federated province
Location Argentina
Number 23
Government Province government
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Template:Politics sidebar below

Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (Ciudad autónoma de Buenos Aires, informally the Capital Federal). The city and the provinces have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system.

Provinces are then divided into departments (Spanish: departamentos, singular departamento), except for Buenos Aires Province, which is divided into partidos.

First-level Political divisions of Argentina

Provinces of Argentina and Autonomous City of Buenos Aires


a Not a Province. Autonomous City and seat of National Government.
(Also known as Buenos Aires City).
b or Provincia del Río Negro.
c Tierra del Fuego Province includes claims over Argentine Antarctica, Falkland Islands, and South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands.

Template:Argentina imagemap with province names

Demographics

Flag Province/District Capital Abbreviation Official Language Population (2010)[1] Rank Area (km²) Rank Density (/km²)[1] Rank
Buenos Aires Buenos Aires City - CF Spanish 2,891,082 4 203 24 14,241.8 1
Buenos Aires Province Buenos Aires La Plata BA Spanish 15,594,428 1 307,571 1 50.7 3
Catamarca Province Catamarca San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca CT Spanish 367,820 20 102,602 11 3.6 20
Chaco Province Chaco Resistencia CC Spanish 1,053,466 10 99,633 12 10.6 11
Chubut Province Chubut Rawson CH Spanish, Welsh 506,668 18 224,686 3 2.3 22
Córdoba Province, Argentina Córdoba Córdoba City CD Spanish 3,304,825 2 165,321 5 20.0 6
Corrientes Province Corrientes Corrientes City CR Spanish, Guaraní 993,338 11 88,199 16 11.3 10
Entre Ríos Province Entre Ríos Paraná ER Spanish 1,236,300 7 78,781 17 15.7 7
Formosa Province Formosa Formosa City FO Spanish 527,895 17 72,066 19 7.3 14
Jujuy Province Jujuy San Salvador de Jujuy JY Spanish 672,260 14 53,219 20 12.6 8
La Pampa Province La Pampa Santa Rosa LP Spanish 316,940 22 143,440 8 2.2 23
La Rioja Province, Argentina La Rioja La Rioja City LR Spanish 331,847 21 89,680 14 3.7 19
Mendoza Province Mendoza Mendoza City MZ Spanish 1,741,610 5 148,827 7 11.7 9
Misiones Province Misiones Posadas MN Spanish 1,097,829 9 29,801 21 36.8 4
Neuquén Province Neuquén Neuquén City NQ Spanish 550,334 16 94,078 13 5.8 17
Río Negro Province Río Negro Viedma RN Spanish 633,374 15 203,013 4 3.1 21
Salta Province Salta Salta City SA Spanish 1,215,207 8 155,488 6 7.8 12
San Juan Province, Argentina San Juan San Juan City SJ Spanish 680,427 13 89,651 15 7.6 13
San Luis Province San Luis San Luis City SL Spanish 431,588 19 76,748 18 5.6 18
Santa Cruz Province, Argentina Santa Cruz Río Gallegos SC Spanish 272,524 23 243,943 2 1.1 24
Santa Fe Province Santa Fe Santa Fe SF Spanish 3,200,736 3 133,007 10 24.1 5
Santiago del Estero Province Santiago del Estero Santiago del Estero City SE Spanish 896,461 12 136,351 9 6.6 15
Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina Tierra del Fuego Ushuaia TF Spanish 126,190 24 21,263a 23 5.8a 16
Tucumán Province Tucumán San Miguel de Tucumán TM Spanish 1,448,200 6 22,524 22 64.3 2

a Not including claims to the Falkland Islands and the Argentine Antarctica.

Economy

=

Argentine Province by GDP (PPP) per capita

Argentine Province by their 2012 regional gross domestic product per capita at purchasing power parity in 2012 international dollars.

-
Region GDP (PPP)
per capita
Comparable country
 City of Buenos Aires 52,638  United States
 Tierra del Fuego 52,024  United States
 Santa Cruz 45,513   Switzerland
 Neuquén 32,809  Israel
 Chubut 29,062  New Zealand
 Catamarca 22,736  Portugal
 San Luis 20,068  Poland
San Juan 19,321  Hungary
 La Pampa 18,944  Hungary
 Santa Fe 17,900  Argentina
 Río Negro 17,728  Croatia
 Buenos Aires Province 17,467  Russia
 Córdoba 16,398  Malaysia
 Mendoza 16,327  Malaysia
 Entre Ríos 12,704  Romania
 La Rioja 11,194  South Africa
 Tucumán 10,832  Colombia
 Misiones 10,171  Thailand
 Salta 9,226  Maldives
 Jujuy 8,875  Belize
 Chaco 8,848  Belize
 Santiago del Estero 8,540  Marshall Islands
 Formosa 8,454  Marshall Islands
 Corrientes 8,278  Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Argentina 17,917  Gabon

Politics

Each province has also its own government, with a provincial constitution, a set of provincial laws and justice system, a supreme court, a governor, an autonomous police force (independent of the Federal Police), and a congress: in eight provinces the parliament is constituted by an upper chamber (senate) and a lower chamber (deputies), while in the remaining fifteen provinces and in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires the congress has just one chamber.[2]

On occasion the national government intervenes in a province under internal instability or after a corruption scandal, designating an intervenor to replace the local government until the situation is normalized: since the return of democracy to the country in 1983, four provinces were intervened, namely Catamarca, Corrientes (twice), Santiago del Estero (twice) and Tucumán.[3]

During the 20th century, some provinces have had governments traditionally controlled by a single family (i.e. the Saadi family in Catamarca, or the Sapag family in Neuquén); in one case, it is still the situation as of 2009: the Province of San Luis was ruled almost without a break by the Rodríguez Saá family since December 1983.[4]

The internal products of the provinces are merged into the national product when the national budget is decided. The share of the budget given to each province is decided based on each province's individual contribution to the national budget. Provinces are free to choose their own utilization of their assigned percentages of the national product.

History

Main article: History of Argentina

The north of Argentina was the first part of the present country to be explored by the Spanish colonisation, searching for the routes that would allow them to bring the gold and silver extracted in the Viceroyalty of Peru to the port of Buenos Aires.

Santiago del Estero, in the year 1550, was the first city founded in the territory with such ends, but lost its importance when Tucumán and Salta replaced it as mid-stops to the Atlantic coast when these two cities secured from the aboriginal attacks, and economically strengthened.

The centre of the country was also soon explored and inhabited, being the most important of the first founded cities the city of Córdoba, that became not only a political but also cultural centre with the creation of the first university, the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba in 1622.

Most capital cities of the centre-northern Argentina were founded before the year 1600, except for Santa Rosa in La Pampa Province, and Resistencia in Chaco Province.

To the south of the Colorado River, the Patagonia remained under control of the aboriginals. The river itself served as natural frontier.

It was not until the infamous Roca's Conquest of the Desert, started in 1879, when the southern part of Argentina was conquered in what meant the near annihilation of the aboriginal people living in these lands.

The current political division of the provinces of Patagonia was set in 1884 and has not been changed since then, except between 1944 and 1955 when a stripe covering the southern part of Chubut Province and the northern part of Santa Cruz Province was named Comodoro Rivadavia Military Zone.

A law from 1862 provided that Argentine territories outside the frontiers of the provinces would be called national territories. Thus in 1884 the territories of Misiones, Formosa, Chaco, La Pampa, Neuquén, Rió Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego were established. A frontier dispute with Chile in 1900 resulted in an agreement which created the national territory of Los Andes, whose territories were incorporated into Jujuy, Salta and Catamarca in 1943.[5]

La Pampa and Chaco became provinces in 1951. Misiones did so in 1953, and Formosa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut and Santa Cruz in 1955. The last national territory, Tierra del Fuego, became a province in 1990.[5]

Due to the late conquest of the south of the country and the prevailing cold weather, most people live in the central or northern provinces. Recent immigration to the south, mainly from Buenos Aires Province and Buenos Aires city, is lessening this difference.

Geographical Regions

The country is also divided into six or seven regions (seven when The Pampas is divided into the Pampas' plains and Pampas' sierras):

Region Provinces included
Argentine Northwest Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, Catamarca, La Rioja
Gran Chaco Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero
Mesopotamia Misiones, Entre Ríos, Corrientes
Cuyo San Juan, Mendoza, San Luis
The Pampas Córdoba, Santa Fe, La Pampa, Buenos Aires
Patagonia Rio Negro, Neuquén, Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego

Even though there are provinces that belong to more than one region, they are shown here within the most representative region. In the Tucumán province, the smallest of Argentina, coexist three regions: the Pampas to the south, Gran Chaco to the northeast, and Argentine Northwest.

See also

References

External links

  • Argentine provinces
  • (Spanish) Information of Argentine provinces
  • (Spanish)
  • (Spanish) Territorial Division
  • Provinces' Flags and Governors since 1983
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