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Niawiakum River

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Title: Niawiakum River  
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Subject: Bay Center, Washington, Willapa Bay, List of rivers of Washington, Willapa Hills, Bone River, Palix River
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Niawiakum River

Niawiakum River
Country United States
State Washington
County Pacific
Source Willapa Hills
 - coordinates 37|35|N|123|51|46|W|type:river_region:US-WA name=

}} [1]

Mouth Willapa Bay
 - elevation 0 ft (0 m) [1]
 - coordinates 37|48|N|123|56|3|W|type:river_region:US-WA name=

}} [1]

Length 6 mi (10 km) [2]
Location of the mouth of the Niawiakum River in Washington

The Niawiakum River is a short river in the U.S. state of Washington. It is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) long.[2]

Course

The Niawiakum River originates in the hills of the southwestern part of Washington. It flows generally west, emptying into Willapa Bay near Bay Center and the mouth of the Palix River. The river's entire length is only a few miles. The lower half of the Niawiakum River is a broad estuary and tidal marshland. U.S. Route 101 crosses the river near its mouth.

History

The name "Niawiakum" derives from the Lower Chehalis name for the river.[3]

Natural history

838 acres (339 ha) of the lower river is a protected land preserve called the Niawiakum River Natural Area Preserve, yet most of the land is controlled by Weyerhaeuser which has resulted in significant clearcut logging and damage to the forest and river ecosystems. Two of the largest Western Red Cedar trees in the world, the Niawiakum Giant and the Seal Slough Cedar, sit on Weyerhaeuser land,[4] however, surrounding clearcuts have nearly killed the Seal Slough Cedar. The river estuary and its tidal salt marsh vegetation is among the highest quality of the entire Washington and Oregon coasts.[5][6] There are ongoing efforts to protect more of the Niawiakum estuary along with the nearby Bone River estuary.[7]

Geology

The lower Niawiakum River shows traces of the 1700 Cascadia earthquake and associated tsumani. Field trips to the river have been part of a Certificate Program in Tsunami Science and Preparedness offered by the University of Washington (UW) in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The program was the first offered by the International Tsunami Training Institute, set up by NOAA in response to the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004.[8]

See also

References

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