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Norwegian Air Shuttle

Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 22 January 1993
Operating bases
Frequent-flyer program Norwegian Reward
Subsidiaries Norwegian Long Haul
Fleet size 103
Destinations 126
Headquarters Diamanten” (The Diamond) building
Fornebu (Bærum), Norway
Key people Bjørn Kjos (CEO)
Bjørn H. Kise (Chairman)
Website .comnorwegian

Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA (OSE: NAS), trading as Norwegian, is the third largest low-cost carrier in Europe, the second-largest airline in Scandinavia, and the ninth-largest airline in Europe in terms of passenger numbers.[1] It offers a high-frequency domestic flight schedule within Scandinavia and Finland, and to business destinations such as London, as well as to holiday destinations in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands, transporting 24 million people in 2014.

As of July 2015, Norwegian operates 100 aircraft of which 92 are Boeing 737s and 8 are Boeing 787 Dreamliners, and is known for its distinctive livery of white with a red nose, with individual portraits of noteworthy Scandinavians on the tail fin.

Norwegian launched its long-haul operation in May 2013. In line with the majority of Norwegian's operations, the long-haul flights are operated by two fully owned subsidiaries. Norwegian Long Haul is a legally separate entity with two unique AOC but shares branding and commercial set-up with the rest of the Group. Crew bases for long haul are established at Bangkok (BKK), New York (JFK) and Fort Lauderdale (FLL).


  • History 1
    • Regional airline – 1993–2002 1.1
    • Low-cost carrier – 2002 onwards 1.2
  • Corporate affairs 2
    • Business trends 2.1
  • Destinations 3
    • Long-haul operations 3.1
    • International network 3.2
  • Fleet 4
    • Short haul 4.1
    • Long haul 4.2
    • Historical fleet 4.3
  • Operations and services 5
  • Awards 6
  • Customer service related criticism 7
  • Labour related criticism 8
    • Norwegian Long Haul 8.1
  • References 9
  • External links 10


The routes operated on behalf of Braathens in Western Norway during the 1990s
A Fokker 50 operated by Norwegian Air Shuttle in 1999

Regional airline – 1993–2002

Norwegian Air Shuttle (NAS) was founded on 22 January 1993 to take over the regional airline services produced by Busy Bee for Braathens in Western Norway. Busy Bee, founded in 1966, was a subsidiary of Braathens that operated a fleet of Fokker 50 aircraft for charter. This included the network of regional services between cities on the west coast of Norway operated on wet lease for the mother company. Following the bankruptcy, NAS took over three leased Fokker 50 aircraft, and started operating from Bergen Airport, Flesland to Haugesund Airport, Karmøy, as well as from Bergen to Molde Airport, Årø or Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget, and onwards to Trondheim Airport, Værnes. The company was established and owned by former Busy Bee employees and initially had a workforce of fifty.[2][3] It was based in Bergen, but later established a technical base in Stavanger.[4]

From 1 April 1994, the airline also began service from Bergen to Ålesund Airport, Vigra.[5] In 1995, the company received its fourth Fokker 50s, and had a revenue of NOK 86.6 million and a profit of NOK 2.9 million. It flew 50 daily services.[6]

By 1999, the company had six Fokker 50s and flew 500,000 passengers on 20,000 flights.[4][7] The company had a revenue of NOK 172 million and a profit of NOK 13 million. On 2 June 2000, NAS bought the helicopter operator Lufttransport from Helikopter Service.[7] In 2000, the NAS fleet was expanded to seven Fokker 50s. From 2 January 2001, several Braathens routes were terminated, including the NAS-operated services from Kristiansund to Trondheim and Molde. The route from Bergen to Haugesund, and Bergen–Molde–Trondheim were reduced.[8]

On 7 January 2002, NAS took over the responsibility for the route from Stavanger to Newcastle, flying two round trips per day. This was the first route where the airline did not wet lease the aircraft to Braathens, but instead operated the route on their own risk. After Braathens was bought by Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) in November 2001, all the contracts for the routes on the Norwegian west coast that Norwegian had with Braathens, were cancelled by SAS, who wanted their subsidiary SAS Commuter to take over. NAS had an 18-month cancellation period in their contract with Braathens, however this was not respected by SAS, who terminated the contracts without any notice.[9]

Low-cost carrier – 2002 onwards

Boeing 737-300 taxiing to the runway, with Henrik Ibsen fin
Norwegian previously operated seven McDonnell Douglas MD-80 inherited from FlyNordic

Following the decision by SAS to purchase Braathens, and the subsequent termination of all the contracts between Braathens and NAS, NAS announced in April 2002 that it would start domestic scheduled services as a low-cost carrier on the most busy routes. From 1 September 2002, the airline re-branded as Norwegian.[10]

The airline opened their second hub at Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport in Poland, flying to Central European destinations. There were two Boeing 737 operating from Warsaw.[11] The base was closed in 2010. Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA announced 24 April 2007 that they had bought 100% of the Swedish low-cost airline FlyNordic from Finnair plc; becoming the largest low-cost airline in Scandinavia. As payment for the shares in FlyNordic, Finnair got a 5% share stake in Norwegian.[12]

In February 2008 Norwegian announced their first destination outside Europe, non-stop to Dubai from Oslo-Gardermoen and Stockholm-Arlanda.

After the bankruptcy of competitor Stockholm as well as additional flights to Oslo would start immediately, with flights to London, Amsterdam and Rome to follow "shortly after".

On 30 August 2007, Norwegian ordered 42 new Boeing 737-800 aircraft, with an option for 42 more, an order worth US$3.1 billion.[13] This order was later increased by 6 aircraft in November 2009. In July 2010 15 of the options were called, and in June 2011 15 more options were called, bringing the total order of new, owned 737-800's to 78 aircraft with 12 remaining options. Additionally, Norwegian introduced leased Boeing 737-800 aircraft into the fleet. The first leased 737-800 arrived at Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, Norway, on 26 January 2008. It was registered LN-NOB,[14] and has a tail picture of the Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg. The plane made its first scheduled flight on 1 February. As of August 2013, the number of leased 737-800 aircraft has increased to 29. The first owned 737-800 from the 30 August 2007 order, registered LN-DYA,[15] arrived in Oslo in August 2009. This aircraft was given the tail hero of Norwegian artist Erik Bye.

In April 2010, Norwegian started flights from Oslo-Gardermoen and Stockholm to Helsinki-Vantaa Airport. During early 2011, Norwegian had three aircraft stationed there, introducing domestic flights to Oulu Airport and Rovaniemi Airport on 31 March 2011. In May, flights to nine additional international destinations began.[16][17]

In October 2009, Norwegian announced it intended to start flights from Oslo to New York and Bangkok, requiring new intercontinental aircraft. In 2010, it said it was considering up to 15 intercontinental destinations from Scandinavia, and would also consider services to South America and Africa.[18] On 8 November 2010, Norwegian announced that it had contracted to lease two new Boeing 787 Dreamliners from International Lease Finance Corporation, with delivery in 2012, and that it was negotiating the leasing of additional aircraft.[19]

On 25 January 2012, Norwegian announced the largest order of aircraft in European history. The order consists of 22 Boeing 737-800 and 100 Boeing 737 MAX 8 with an option for another 100 for the latter. Also, it included an order for 100 Airbus A320neo and an option for another 50 Airbus A320neo.[20]

In late October 2012, the airline announced a new base in London Gatwick from spring 2013 with three Boeing 737-800s to be used on new international routes from London to leisure destinations in Spain, Portugal, France, Italy and Croatia. All announced routes are flown in competition with airlines like easyJet, Monarch, Ryanair and Thomson Airways. Gatwick is also served by Norwegian from a large number of cities in Scandinavia.[21]

Corporate affairs

Bjørn Kjos, Norwegian's CEO and largest shareholder

The company is headed by CEO and largest shareholder Bjørn Kjos, and the board is chaired by Bjørn H. Kise.[22] The airline is listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange.

The company's head office is in Diamanten, an office building at Fornebu, Bærum outside Oslo.[23] Previously, the airline had its head office functions inside other buildings in Fornebu,[24] but in 2010 moved to Diamanten, which had been the former Braathens, and later SAS Norway, head office.[23]

The Norwegian Group consists of the parent company Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA, and the fully owned subsidiaries Norwegian Air Shuttle Polska Sp.zo.o and Norwegian Air Shuttle Sweden AB. All flights are operated by the parent company Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA; the subsidiaries manage personnel, sales and marketing within certain geographical areas.

Norwegian Air Shuttle ASA owns 100% of the telephone company Call Norwegian AS, 99.9% of NAS Asset Management which owns the new 737-800 aircraft purchased from Boeing, 100% of NAS Asset Management Norway AS, and 100% of Norwegian Long Haul AS, as well as 20% of Norwegian Finans Holding ASA (Bank Norwegian AS).

Norwegian is a member of European Low Fares Airline Association.

Business trends

The key trends for Norwegian over recent years are shown below (as at year ending 31 December):

A Norwegian Boeing 737-300 takes off from Prague Václav Havel Airport
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Turnover (MNOK) 386 959 1,210 1,972 2,941 4,226 6,226 7,309 8,598 10,532 12,859 15,580 19,540
Profits (EBT) (MNOK) −52 −43 −110 39 −32 113 5 623 243 167 623 437 −1,627
Number of employees (FTE) 320 374 445 560 882 1,417 1,596 1,852 2,211 2,555 2,890 3,738
Number of passengers (M) 0.3 1.2 2.1 3.3 5.1 6.9 9.1 10.8 13.0 15.7 17.7 20.7 24.0
Passenger load factor (%) 52 62.5 66.8 78.0 78.6 80.1 78.7 78.2 77.4 79.3 78.5 78.3 81
Revenue/RPK (Yield) (NOK) 1.17 0.8 0.7 0.68 0.67 0.67 - - - - 0.55 0.50 0.43
Revenue/ASK (RASK) - - - 0.56 0.54 0.52 0.49 0.47 0.40 0.42 0.43 0.38 0.35
Number of aircraft (at year end) 6 8 11 13 22 32 40 46 57 62 68 85 96
Notes/sources [25] [26] [27] [28] [29]


Destination map

Norwegian serves Europe, North Africa and the Middle East for both business and leisure markets. In total the airline operates 416 routes to 126 destinations in 35 countries on four continents.

Domestic, intra-Scandinavian and typical European business and leisure destinations have the most frequencies. The busiest routes in Norwegians network are the Oslo to Bergen and the Oslo to Trondheim routes with 15 daily round-trips. Norwegian’s largest non-Scandinavian operation is to London Gatwick with up to 24 daily round-trips.

Typical leisure destinations in Southern Europe are typically served once or twice a day from the main Scandinavian cities.

Long-haul operations

Norwegian started long-haul flights on 30 May 2013.[30] The first scheduled flights are from Oslo and Stockholm to New York City and Bangkok, originally with wet-leased A340-300 aircraft while the airline awaited delivery of the new Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft. In March 2013 Norwegian Air Shuttle confirmed a new long haul route from Copenhagen, Oslo and Stockholm to Fort Lauderdale, beginning on 29 November 2013.[31] In September 2013, Norwegian announced flights from Oakland to Stockholm and Oslo, beginning in May 2014,[32] as well as Copenhagen-Los Angeles, Copenhagen-New York, Stockholm-Los Angeles, Oslo-Los Angeles, Oslo-Orlando and Bergen-New York (JFK)

Norwegian Long Haul also operates between London Gatwick to New York (JFK), Fort Lauderdale and Los Angeles.

The airline announced on April, 2015, the beginning of flights to San Juan, Puerto Rico (US Territory) from Oslo, Copenhagen, Stockholm and London Gatwick beginning on November, 2015. Also announced were flights to St. Croix, US Virgin Islands from Copenhagen beginning on November, 2015.

The airline also plans on flying to India and Hong Kong from 2016.[33]

International network

Intra-Scandinavian routes, and in particular “the capital triangle” between Oslo, Stockholm and Copenhagen, is attractive due to extensive traffic both for business and leisure travellers. Other modes of transportation are generally slow between these cities.[34]


Short haul

As of September 2015, Norwegian Air Shuttle's short haul fleet consists of the following aircraft:[35][36][37]

A Norwegian Boeing 737-800

The −800s are equipped with winglets and CFM 56-7B26 engines. All −800s have more range than the −300, allowing 2,400 nautical miles (4,400 km; 2,800 mi). They are the only craft used to the Middle East, Africa and the Canary Islands; otherwise both types are used throughout the network, plus all domestic services in Sweden.[39] In 2013, Norwegian Air Shuttle received 14 new Boeing 737-800s. For 2014 and 2015 the corresponding figures are 14, and 11, respectively.[40]

Norwegian's aircraft livery is white with a signal red nose. The vertical fins of the aircraft in Norwegian's fleet feature depictions of historically significant Norwegians, Swedes, Danes and Finns.[41] Norwegian has also operated a single aircraft in a special promotional livery for the insurance company Silver.[42]

Long haul

Norwegian Long Haul Boeing 787 on approach to Gatwick Airport in July 2013

As of October 2015 Norwegian Long Haul's fleet consists of an all-Boeing 787 fleet:[43]

Historical fleet

From 1993 to 2002, the company solely operated Fokker F-50 turbo-prop aircraft primarily as a commuter airline, having a total fleet of six in 2002. The company ceased all F-50 operations at the end of 2003 in order to focus on the Boeing 737-300 jet operations and sold the last three of the Fokker F-50 in early 2004. For a limited period in the early years of the 737 operation Norwegian operated a 737-500 as an interim solution while waiting for 737-300 deliveries. Following the acquisition of Swedish low cost airline FlyNordic in 2007, Norwegian inherited eight MD-80 aircraft. The last of the MD-80 aircraft was phased out two years later.

Operations and services

Norwegian Air Shuttle Boeing 737-800 cabin Sky Interior

All flight operations are performed under one single air operator's certificate (AOC) (ICAO airline designator NAX). The Group also held one Swedish AOC (ICAO airline designator NDC) up until 2009, but the double AOC operation was discontinued for efficiency purposes. The main technical base is at Stavanger, although heavy maintenance (C/D checks) and engine maintenance are put out on tender. Norwegian purchases all aircraft ground handling from a third party; in Norway, Aviator Airport Alliance, former Norport Handling and Røros Flyservice.

Norwegian, as a low-cost airline, operates aircraft with all-economy class seating. Surcharges are taken for on-board food and drinks, check-in baggage, payment by credit card and other non-core services.[56]

The airline runs two frequent flyer programs: Norwegian Reward is for travellers, who earn cash points based on a percent of cash paid for tickets and the ticket class (10% on full fares, 2% on discounted fares). Corporate Reward allows companies to redeem cash points on a similar basis. Norwegian supported the ban on point accrual that was in force on Norwegian domestic flights until 16 May 2013, but when that ban was lifted, the reward programs were extended to that market as well.[57]

Norwegian also offers free WiFi in its 737-800 fleet.[58]


In 2009, Norwegian CEO Bjørn Kjos received the annual leadership's prize "Kunsten å lede" from

  • Official website (Norwegian)
  • Official website Europe (English)
  • Official website UK
  • Official website USA
  • Route Map

External links

  1. ^ Her er Europas største flyselskaper, regnet etter passasjertall Verdens Gang 9.January 2013 (Norwegian)
  2. ^ "Norwegian Air Shuttle på ruinene etter Busy Bee" (in Norwegian).  
  3. ^ Valderhaug, Rune (28 January 1993). "Nytt selskap flyr fra Bergen".  
  4. ^ a b Larsen, Trygve (13 October 2000). "Vil fly selv".  
  5. ^ Valderhaug, Rune (20 January 1994). "Braathen vil ikke fly direkte Bergen Nord-Norge" (in Norwegian). p. 6. 
  6. ^ Sæthre, Lars N. (24 August 1996). "Nye aktører kjemper om Widerøe-nett".  
  7. ^ a b "Norwegian Air Shuttle kjøper Lufttransport AS" (in Norwegian).  
  8. ^ Lillesund, Geir (15 November 2000). "Braathens fortsetter omleggingen – kutter kortruter" (in Norwegian).  
  9. ^ Larsen, Trygve (11 January 2002). "NAS inn for landing".  
  10. ^ "Directory: World Airlines".  
  11. ^ "Quarterly report 3rd quarter 2006" (PDF). 
  12. ^ Norwegian to strengthen Scandinavian network with FlyNordic acquisition ATW Daily News, 25 April 2007.
  13. ^ Reuters: Norwegian Air places $3.1 bln Boeing order
  14. ^ "Photo Norwegian Air Shuttle Boeing 737-8FZ LN-NOB". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "Photo Norwegian Air Shuttle Boeing 737-8JP LN-DYA". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  16. ^ Kaur, Simmi (5 October 2010). "Norwegian åpner ny base". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  17. ^ "Norwegian åpner base og satser innenriks i Finland" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Air Shuttle. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  18. ^ Kaspersen, Line (22 September 2010). "Norwegians "hemmelige" langdistanseplaner".  
  19. ^ Kaspersen, Line (8 November 2010). "Her er Norwegians New York-fly".  
  20. ^ Ekroll, Henning Carr (25 January 2012). "Norwegian kjøper fly for 127 milliarder kroner".  
  21. ^ Norwegian announces base in London Gatwick, 25 October 2012
  22. ^ "Management". Norwegian Air Shuttle. Archived from the original on 15 August 2009. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  23. ^ a b Schmidt, Øystein (25 February 2010). "Kjos klinker til med realt kupp". Hegnar Online (in Norwegian). Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  24. ^ Home page. Norwegian Air Shuttle. 13 January 2008. Retrieved on 7 May 2010. "Norwegian Air Shuttle – Postboks 115, 1330 Fornebu – Besøksadresse: Oksenøyveien 10A Fornebu."
  25. ^ "The Year in Brief". Norwegian Air Shuttle. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  26. ^ "Annual Reports". Norwegian Air Shuttle. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  27. ^ "Norwegian Annual Report 2012 - the year in brief". March 20, 2013. Retrieved May 20, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Norwegian Q4 2013 Presentation" (PDF). Retrieved March 21, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Norwegian Q4 2014 Interim Report" (PDF). Retrieved February 17, 2015. 
  30. ^ "Kjos sendte første fly til New York" (in Norwegian). e24/NTB. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  31. ^ AF Ole Kirchert Christensen (2013-03-14). "Til Florida for 3.000 kroner (opd.)". Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  32. ^ "Cheap Oakland flights put Norway, Sweden in reach". 4 September 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  33. ^ "Norwegian Air eyes new Asian routes". 3 July 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  34. ^ Train travel times 2014: Stockholm-Oslo 5:55, Stockholm-Copenhagen 5:15, Oslo-Copenhagen from 7:00, according to ResRobot - Find the best connection from door to door.
  35. ^ Fleet - Norwegian
  36. ^ Norwegian Fleet at
  37. ^ a b "Utdrag luftfartøyregisteret inkludert månedlige endringer". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  38. ^ a b "NewsWeb". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  39. ^ a b c d e f "Fleet". Norwegian Air Shuttle. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  40. ^ press release
  41. ^ "Max Manus halehelt på Norwegians nyeste fly".  
  42. ^ "Silver og Norwegian har inngått et nytt og spennende samarbeid: Lanserer Norges første logojet" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Air Shuttle. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 11 March 2010. 
  43. ^ "Norwegian Long Haul Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  44. ^ "DP Aircraft I Limited Acquisition of Aircraft". Wall Street Journal. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  45. ^ "Irish Civil Aircraft Register". Irish Aviation Authority. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  46. ^ "Newsdesk - Norwegian". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  47. ^ Walsgard, Kari Lundgren Jonas Cho. "Norwegian Air Boosts 787 Fleet With $5 Billion Boeing Deal". Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  48. ^ "Norwegian bestiller flere Dreamliner-fly". VG. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  49. ^ "Newsdesk - Norwegian". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  50. ^ "Newsdesk - Norwegian". 
  51. ^ "Norwegian Air makes largest single order of Boeing Dreamliners in Europe". Yahoo Finance. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  52. ^
  53. ^ a b Airfleets. "Boeing 737 in Norwegian Air Shuttle history". Retrieved 17 September 2009. 
  54. ^ Airfleets. "Fokker 50 in Norwegian Air Shuttle history". Retrieved 17 September 2009. 
  55. ^ a b Airfleets. "McDonnell Douglas MD-80/90 in Norwegian Air Shuttle history". Retrieved 17 September 2009. 
  56. ^ "Service". Norwegian Air Shuttle. Archived from the original on 5 July 2009. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  57. ^ Ravnaas, Niels Ruben (23 May 2013). "Nå gir også Norwegian bonuspoeng" (in Norwegian). NA24. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  58. ^ "In-flight WiFi". Norwegian Air Shuttle. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  59. ^ Are Slettan. "Kjos årets leder". Nettavisen. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  60. ^
  61. ^ AirlineRatings (2013-11-06). "Airline Ratings". Airline Ratings. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  62. ^ "Norwegian is announced as the Best Low Cost Airline in Europe at the 2013 World Airline Awards". 2013-06-18. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  63. ^
  64. ^
  65. ^ "Europe's Leading Low-Cost Airline 2015". World Travel Awards. 
  66. ^
  67. ^
  68. ^ "Air New Zealand Airline of The Year". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  69. ^ a b c "APEX Hollywood Shortlist: Straight Outta Compton Nails B.O. Encore in Second Week at Number One - APEX - Airline Passenger Experience". APEX - Airline Passenger Experience. 
  70. ^ a b c Øyvind Gustavsen. "Nytt prisdryss over Norwegian". VG. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  71. ^
  72. ^ "Vant prestisjefull kåring igjen". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  73. ^ "The 4th US ANNIEs – Chicago O’Hare and Delta Air Lines win big". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  74. ^ "Air Transport News". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  75. ^
  76. ^ a b
  77. ^
  78. ^ "Norwegian Air complaints pile up". 7 January 2014. 
  79. ^ "Norwegian Air Review: How My Dreamlines Experience Turned Into A Nightmare". 14 August 2014. 
  80. ^ "Norwegian airline backs down on water and cash policy".  
  81. ^ "Swedish passengers sue Norwegian airline". 13 August 2014. 
  82. ^ Knut-Erik Mikalsen. "Klageflom mot Norwegian". Aftenposten. 
  83. ^
  84. ^ "Klageflom mot Norwegian". Bergens Tidende. 
  85. ^ Berglund, Nina (21 August 2012). "Pilots land on tax authorities’ radar". Views and News from Norway ( Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  86. ^ "Norwegian-piloter etterforskes for skattesnusk". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian) ( Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  87. ^ "Pilot-opprør mot Kjos". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian) ( 4 April 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  88. ^ "Vi ansetter ingen i Norge". TDN Finans (in Norwegian) ( 19 May 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  89. ^ "Norwegian saksøkes av sine egne piloter". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian) ( 16 September 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  90. ^ "Norwegian vil vingeklippe piloter før streik". Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian) ( 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  91. ^ "Piloter varslar om sympatistrejk". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish) (Stockholm: TT/ 31 October 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  92. ^ Karlsson, Josefin (19 December 2013). "Norwegian säger upp kabinpersonal i Sverige". Aftonbladet (in Swedish) ( Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  93. ^ "Parat: - Sosial dumping i Norwegian". NTB/Dagens Næringsliv (in Norwegian) ( 30 October 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013. 
  94. ^ "Forsiden". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  95. ^ "Flight Attendants". 9 September 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 


The airline contests these accusations and has disclosed the pay scale for its Thai employees, who earn between USD 33,300 and USD 39,200 per annum which is on par with the average pay for US flight attendants (though these comparisons are made between solely intercontinental Norwegian Long Haul flights versus domestic and intercontinental flights of US paid flight attendants).[94][95]

Norwegian has also received criticism for the terms of its contracts with its long-haul flight-attendants, who are on contracts based in Thailand.[93] This has caused the Air Line Pilots Association to further accuse Norwegian of unfair competition practices.

Norwegian Long Haul

In mid-December, NAS faced its Swedish non-contract flight-attendants with either dismissal or transference to Proffice Aviation, an external staffing company. According to the Swedish cabin-crew union, Unionen, it managed to save the jobs of 53 NAS employees, but it was dissatisfied with the direction NAS had taken. The situation led to the leader for the Swedish Left Party, Jonas Sjöstedt, to state that stricter regulation is needed for the use of staffing-companies in Sweden.[92]

In October 2013, the NPU announced their intention to strike as NAS forced its pilots to face dismissal or transfer to Norwegian Air Norway or Norwegian Air Resources AB, both subsidiaries of NAS. The respective subsidiary would then lease the pilots back to NAS. NPU and their Swedish counterpart SPF accused NAS of using this ploy to break the solidarity and organization of the pilots, with the eventual goal of co-ercing pilots to converting their jobs to contract positions.[90][91]

In the fall of 2012, NAS started to use contract-employed pilots on routes within Scandinavia, which was considered by the NPU to be an abrogation of labor terms regarding non-Scandinavian pilots on routes within Scandinavia. NPU soon after sued NAS.[89]

The Norwegian Pilot's Union (NPU) brought NAS to court over the short-term contracts. NAS CEO Bjørn Kjos only inflamed matters when he declared that NAS would no longer hire employees on Norwegian terms.[87][88]

Between 2011 and 2013, Norwegian Air Shuttle (NAS) has received harsh criticism regarding its treatment of employees. The media first reported NAS's announced intention to open a base in Helsinki, from where it hired pilots on short-term contracts (in Estonia) rather than as employees within the company. The Norwegian tax-office authorities suspected in August 2012 that many Norwegian citizens were working for NAS on these contracts and not paying Norwegian taxes despite operating on flights originating from Norway.[85][86]

Labour related criticism

However, for the most part, the tribunal has not agreed with the complaints and only in a few cases has Norwegian had to compensate the passenger(s).[82][83][84]

Norwegian's policies have also been criticized by passengers who were left without food, drinks and blankets on board for up to 12 hours (available for pay but only with correct type of credit card).[80] In August 2014, 35,000 people were reportedly hit with delays when flying with Norwegian, and 1,200 passengers ultimately sued Norwegian for compensation.[81]

Norwegian Air customers have lodged a record number of complaints, with a tribunal judge stating to the Dagens Næringsliv, "We have never before seen this scope of complaints in a single case."[78] With more than 200 complaints having been registered with the Transport Complaints Board alone, passengers have created the Twitter hashtag, #NeverFlyNorwegian.[79]

Customer service related criticism

  • 2015 Best in Region: Europe - Awarded by Apex Passenger Choice Awards [63]
  • 2015 Best Inflight Publication - Awarded by Apex Passenger Choice Awards [64]
  • 2015 Europe's Leading Low-Cost Airline 2015 awarded by World Travel Awards[65]
  • 2015 Norwegian's onboard magazine "N Magazine" won the award for "Customer Magazine of the Year" . Awarded by Professional Publishers Association.[66]
  • 2015 World’s best Low-Cost Long Haul Airline by Skytrax World Airline Awards[67]
  • 2015 Best lowcost airline in Europe for 2015 - Awarded by[68]
  • 2014 Best in Region: Europe - Awarded by Apex Passenger Choice Awards[69][70]
  • 2014 Best in Inflight Connectivity & Communications - Awarded by Apex Passenger Choice Awards[69][70]
  • 2014 Best Single Achievement in Passenger Experience for its moving map on the 787 Dreamliners - Awarded by Apex Passenger Choice Awards[69][70]
  • 2014 Europe’s best low-cost carrier of the year awarded by Skytrax World Airline Awards[71][72]
  • 2014 Named Biggest "‘new’ airline in the US market" by 4th US ANNIEs – Airline Awards of[73]
  • 2014 Voted “Best Low-Cost Airline of the World” by the 2014 Air Transport News Awards[74]
  • 2013 Europe’s best low-cost carrier of the year awarded by Skytrax World Airline Awards[75]
  • 2013 Best Inflight Connectivity and Communications awarded by Apex Passenger Choice Awards[76]
  • 2012 Best Inflight Connectivity and Communications awarded by Apex Passenger Choice Awards[76]
  • 2012 Second Best Low-Cost Airline in Europe awarded by Skytrax during the World Airline Awards 2012[77]
  • 2009 Norwegian named “Market Leader of the Year” by Air Transport World (ATW)
  • 2008 Norwegian named the best low-cost carrier in Northern Europe by Skytrax
  • 2008 Norwegian was awarded a prize for being the best Norwegian company in terms of public reputation, and for having the best management of all companies in Norway.

Norwegian was awarded best European low-cost airline and fourth worldwide in 2014 by In 2013 Norwegian was voted best low cost airline in Europe by Skytrax.[61][62]

[60] for Norway in 2009.Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award Kjos was also awarded the [59]

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