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Philip Bazaar

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Philip Bazaar

Philip Bazaar
Born Chile
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch Union Navy
Rank Ordinary Seaman
Unit USS Santiago de Cuba
Battles/wars American Civil War
*Battle of Fort Fisher
Awards Medal of Honor
Navy Civil War Campaign Medal

Seaman Philip Bazaar, born in Chile, South America, was a Navy seaman who was awarded the United States' highest military decoration for valor in combat — the Medal of Honor — for having distinguished himself during the battle for Fort Fisher of the American Civil War.

Biography

USS Santiago de Cuba

Bazaar, a resident of Massachusetts, was a Chilean immigrant who joined the Union Navy at New Bedford, Massachusetts.[1] Bazaar was assigned to the USS Santiago de Cuba during the American Civil War.[1] Santiago de Cuba was a wooden, brigantine-rigged, side-wheel steamship under the command of Rear Admiral David D. Porter.[2]

In the latter part of 1864, Union General Ulysses S. Grant ordered an assault on Fort Fisher, a stronghold of the Confederate States of America. It protected the vital trading routes of Wilmington's port, at North Carolina.[3] Rear Admiral Porter was in charge of the naval assault and General Benjamin F. Butler was in charge of the land assault. After the failure of the first assault, Butler was replaced by Major General Alfred Terry. A second assault was ordered for January 1865. Bazaar was aboard the USS Santiago de Cuba and served in both assaults on the fort. On January 12, 1865, both ground and naval Union forces attempted the second assault. Bazaar and 5 other crew members, under the direct orders from Rear Admiral Porter, carried dispatches during the battle while under heavy fire from the Confederates to Major General Alfred Terry. Bazaar and his comrades were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions.[1]

Medal of Honor citation

BAZAAR, PHILIP
Rank and organization: Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy
Accredited to: Massachusetts
Born: Chile, South America
G.O. No.: 59, June 22, 1865
Citation:
On board the U.S.S. Santiago de Cuba during the assault on Fort Fisher on 15 January 1865. As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, O.S. Bazaar bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet.[1]

Awards and decorations

Bazaar's awards and decorations include the following:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Hispanic Heritage Month - Philip Bazaar - MOH". United States Department of Defense. 
  2. ^ "Santiago de Cuba". Department of the Navy - Naval Historical Center. 
  3. ^ "Ft. Fisher". North Carolina Historic Sites. 

External links

  • "USS Santiago de Cuba (1861-1865)".  
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