Phys. Rev. D

Physical Review  
Abbreviated title (ISO 4) Phys. Rev.
Discipline Physics
Language English
Edited by Gene D. Sprouse
Publication details
Publisher American Physical Society (United States)
Publication history

1893–1913 Series I
1913–1970 Series II
1970–Present Series III

  • 1970–present Phys. Rev. A, B, C, D
  • 1993–present Phys. Rev. E
  • 1998–present Phys. Rev. Focus
  • 1998–present Phys. Rev. ST AB
  • 2005–present Phys. Rev. ST PER
  • 2008–present Physics
ISSN 1943-2879
OCLC number 233971234
  • Journal homepage

Physical Review is an American peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1893 by Edward Nichols. It publishes original research as well as scientific and literature reviews on all aspects of physics. It is published by the American Physical Society (APS). The journal is in its third series, and is split in several sub-journals each covering a particular field of physics. It has a sister journal, Physical Review Letters, which publishes shorter articles of broader interest.


Physical Review commenced publication in July 1893, organized by Cornell University professor Edward Nichols and helped by the new president of Cornell, J. Gould Schurman. The journal was managed and edited at Cornell in upstate New York from 1893 to 1913 by Nichols, Ernest Merritt, and Frederick Bedell. The 33 volumes published during this time constitute Physical Review Series I.

The American Physical Society (APS), founded in 1899, took over its publication in 1913 and started Physical Review Series II. The journal remained at Cornell under editor-in-chief G. S. Fulcher from 1913 to 1926, before relocating to the location of editor John Torrence Tate[nb 1] at the University of Minnesota. In 1929, the APS started publishing Reviews of Modern Physics, a venue for longer review articles.

During the Great Depression, wealthy scientist Alfred Loomis anonymously paid the journal's fees for authors who could not afford them.[1]

After Tate's death in 1950, the journals were managed on an interim basis still in Minnesota by E. L. Hill and J. William Buchta until Samuel Goudsmit and Simon Pasternack were appointed and the editorial office moved to the Brookhaven National Laboratory on the east end of Long Island, New York. In July 1958, the sister journal Physical Review Letters was introduced to publish short articles of particularly broad interest, initially edited by George L. Trigg, who remained as editor until 1988.

In 1970, Physical Review split into sub-journals Physical Review A, B, C, and D. A fifth member of the family, Physical Review E, was introduced in 1993 to a large part to accommodate the huge amount of new research in nonlinear dynamics. Combined, these constitute Physical Review Series III.

The editorial office moved in 1980 to its present location across the street from Brookhaven National Laboratory. Goudsmit retired in 1974 and Pasternack in the mid-1970s. Past editors-in-chief include David Lazarus (1980—1990; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), Benjamin Bederson (1990—1996; New York University), and Martin Blume (1996—2007; Brookhaven National Laboratory). The current editor-in-chief is Gene Sprouse (SUNY Stony Brook).

To celebrate the hundredth anniversary of the journal, a memoir was published jointly by the APS and AIP.[2]

In 1998, the first issue of Physical Review Special Topics: Accelerators and Beams was published, and in 2005, Physical Review Special Topics: Physics Education Research was launched) . Physical Review also started an online magazine, Physical Review Focus, in 1998 to explain, and provide historical context for, selected articles from Physical Review and Physical Review Letters. The Special Topics journals are open access; Physics Education Research requires page charges from the authors, but Physical Review Special Topics: Accelerators and Beams does not. Though not open access, Physical Review Letters also requires an author page charge, although this is voluntary. The other journals require such a charge only if manuscripts are not prepared in one of the preferred formats.[3] Authors can pay extra charges to make their papers open access.[4] Such papers are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (CC-BY).[5] Physical Review Letters celebrated their 50th birthday in 2008.[6] The APS has a copyright policy to permit the author to reuse parts of the published article in a derivative or new work, including on World Heritage Encyclopedia.[7]

The APS has a publication entitled Physics,[8] aiming to help physicists and physics students to learn about new developments outside of their own subfield. It also publishes Physical Review X (PRX),[9] an online-only open access journal. It is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes, as timely as possible, original research papers from all areas of pure, applied, and interdisciplinary physics.


Journal Abbreviation Editor(s) Impact factor (2012) Published Scope ISSN Website
Physical Review Series I Phys. Rev. 1893–1912 All of Physics All volumes
Physical Review Series II Phys. Rev. 1913–1969 All of Physics All volumes
Physical Review Letters Phys. Rev. Lett. Jack Sandweiss
George Basbas
Reinhardt B. Schuhmann
7.943 1958–present Important fundamental research in all fields of physics ISSN 0031-9007 (print)
ISSN 1079-7114 (web)


Physical Review A Phys. Rev. A Gordon W. F. Drake 3.042 1970–present Atomic, molecular, and optical physics ISSN 1050-2947 (print)
ISSN 1094-1622 (web)


Physical Review B Phys. Rev. B Laurens W. Molenkamp
Anthony M. Begley
3.767 1970–present Condensed matter and materials physics ISSN 1098-0121 (print)
ISSN 1550-235X (web)


Physical Review C Phys. Rev. C Benjamin F. Gibson 3.715 1970–present Nuclear physics ISSN 0556-2813 (print)
ISSN 1089-490X (web)


Physical Review D Phys. Rev. D Erick J. Weinberg
D. L. Nordstrom
4.691 1970–present Particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology ISSN 1550-7998 (print)
ISSN 1550-2368 (web)


Physical Review E Phys. Rev. E Eli Ben-Naim
Dirk Jan Bukman
2.313 1993–present Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics ISSN 1539-3755 (print)
ISSN 1550-2376 (web)


Physical Review X Phys. Rev. X Jorge Pullin 6.711 2011–present "Broad subject coverage encouraging communication across related fields" ISSN 2160-3308 (web) All volumes
Physical Review Focus Phys. Rev. Focus David Ehrenstein 1998–present Selections from the Physical Review Journals ISSN 1539-0748 All volumes
Physical Review Special Topics: Accelerators and Beams Phys. Rev. ST AB Frank Zimmermann 1.565 1998–present Particle accelerators and beams ISSN 1098-4402 (web) All volumes
Physical Review Special Topics: Physics Education Research Phys. Rev. ST PER Charles Henderson 1.529 2005–present Physics education ISSN 1554-9178 (web) All volumes
Physics Physics Jessica Thomas 2008–present All of Physics ISSN 1943-2879 (web) All volumes

Notes and references


External links

  • American Physical Society
  • Journals of the APS
  • (subscription required)
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