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Sind United Party

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Title: Sind United Party  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Sind Province (1936–55)
Collection: Defunct Political Parties in India, Political Parties Established in 1936, Politics of Sindh
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sind United Party

The Sind United Party or Sind Ittehad Party was a political party in Sind, British India. The party was founded in June 1936, the same year that the Sind province had been created. The party was modelled on the Punjab Unionist Party.[1][2] The party had as its explicit purpose to foster communal harmony between Hindus and Muslims.[2] Haji Abdullah Haroon was a co-founder and leader of the party. Shah Nawaz Bhutto was the vice chairman of the party.[3] G. M. Syed had also taken part in the founding of the party.[4] The party counted on the support of waderas (large-scale land-owners),[1] such as Allah Bux Soomro and Yar Muhammad Junejo.[2]

In the 1937 election to the Sind Legislative Assembly, the Sind United Party emerged as the largest party with 21 seats (out of 34 Muslim seats) in the Assembly.[2][3] But although the party had sought to build links with the Hindu community, no Hindu contested the elections as a candidate of the party.[5] Moreover, none of the prominent leaders of the party (Haroon and Bhutto) were elected and the Governor of Sind offered the Sind Muslim Political Party to form a government instead. After this move, the Sind United Party suffered a major defection with most of its Assembly members leaving the party.[3]


  1. ^ a b Jaffrelot, Christophe. A History of Pakistan and Its Origins. London: Anthem Press, 2002. p. 14
  2. ^ a b c d Talbot, Ian. Pakistan, a Modern History. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998. p. 76
  3. ^ a b c Ansari, Sarah F. D. Sufi Saints and State Power: The Pirs of Sind, 1843-1947. Cambridge South Asian studies, 50. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. pp. 115-116
  4. ^ Ahmad, Syed N. Origins of Muslim consciousness in India: a world-system perspective. New York u.a: Greenwood Press, 1991. p. 175
  5. ^ Ahmad, Syed N. Origins of Muslim consciousness in India: a world-system perspective. New York u.a: Greenwood Press, 1991. p. 212

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