World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Slavyanka (mountain)

Article Id: WHEBN0006543159
Reproduction Date:

Title: Slavyanka (mountain)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pirin, Gotse Delchev, Philippi, Blagoevgrad Province, Mountains of Bulgaria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Slavyanka (mountain)

Gotsev Vrah (2,212 m)

Slavyanka (Bulgarian: Славянка, "Slavic woman") or Orvilos (Greek: Όρβηλος),[1] formerly known as Alibotuş (from Turkish) (English: Alibotush) and Kitka Planina (Китка планина) is a mountain located on the border of southwestern Bulgaria and northernmost Greece, located south of the Pirin Mountains and connected with it by the Parilska Saddle. The highest peak of Slavyanka is Gotsev Vrah at 2,212 m, while other notable peaks include Golyam Tsarev Vrah (2,186 m), Malak Tsarev Vrah (2,087 m), Shabran (2,196 m) and Salyuva Dzhamiya (2,027 m).

The massif is dome-shaped and has very steep ridges. Slavyanka has a pronounced Karst character and thus features over 30 caves, attracting many speleologists. The climate has a considerable Mediterranean influence, with precipitation being at its highest in the autumn and winter and at its lowest in the summer, and the average temperatures being higher than in the rest of the country at this height. The average annual temperature in the lowest part of the mountain is almost 14°C and about 6°C in the highest part.

Slavyanka has a rich flora, with more than 1,700 vascular plants, including 20 Bulgarian endemic species and 5 that can be met nowhere else in the country. The low part of the mountain is rich in European Black Pine, while the Bosnian Pine grows at over 1,800 m above sea level, making Slavyanka the place with the highest concentraction of the species in the Balkans. The fauna is represented not only by typical species for Bulgaria such as the Deer, Wild Boar, Hare, Fox or Badger, but also by characteristically Mediterranean animals like the Jackal, the rare European Cat Snake, several species of tortoises and lizards, etc. There have been found 44 species of terrestrial gastropods in the Bulgarian part of the Alibotush Mountains.[2] Twenty-four species of these terrestrial gastropods have Mediterranean type of distribution.[2]


  1. ^ In Greece this name is also used for the Pirin mountain range.
  2. ^ a b Dedov I. K. (2008). "Terrestrial gastropods (Mollusca, Gastropoda) of the Bulgarian part of the Alibotush Mts." Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 7: 17-20. PDF.

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.