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Surin Island

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Title: Surin Island  
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Subject: Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Ranong Province, List of islands of Thailand, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, Moken people
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Surin Island

The Surin Islands (Thai: หมู่เกาะสุรินทร์, Thai pronunciation: [mùː kɔ̀ʔ sùʔrin]) is an archipelago of five islands of the Andaman Sea, located 55 km from the Thai mainland. Administratively, the islands are part of Tambon Ko Phra Thong, Amphoe Khura Buri, in the Phang Nga Province of Thailand.[1]

The Mu Ko Surin National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติหมู่เกาะสุรินทร์) covers the area of the islands and their surrounding waters. The park is home to one of the most famous dive sites in the world, Richelieu Rock. In addition the islands feature pristine reefs, making it home to some of the best snorkeling in Thailand.


The five islands are Ko Surin Nuea, Ko Surin Tai, Ko Ri, Ko Kai and Ko Klang, with Ko Surin Nuea and Ko Surin Tai being the two main islands in the group. The Thai-Burmese oceanic border is located a few kilometers north of the Park. Christie Island, Burma's southernmost point, lies 18 km to the north of Ko Surin Nuea and about 100 km to the south is Mu Ko Similan National Park.[2]


The Surin Islands have a broad selection of animal life - including the Nicobar Pigeon and Mangrove Monitor Lizards.[3]

Below the water can be found a very rich and pristine coral reef ecosystem. While small portions of the islands were affected by the 2004 tsunami, most reefs are still quite healthy.

The Surin Islands host to two small communities of the small ethnic Moken minority, which belongs to the groups known as "Chao Lay" or "Sea Gypsies". The Moken population of the Surin Island averages around 150 persons.[3][4]

Dive sites

Richelieu Rock, a rock in the middle of the sea, and located about 18 km east of the islands,[5] is commonly referred to one as one of the ten best dive spots in the world. Named after Andreas du Plessis de Richelieu, the first (and only foreign) Commander-in-Chief of the Thai Navy,[6] the remote rock is home to some of the largest marine life species in Thailand. Sightings of whale shark,[3] manta ray and sharks are common.

Other Popular dive sites include Hin Kong, Koh Torinla and Koh Chi.

Mu Ko Surin National Park

Mu Ko Surin National Park covers an area of approximately 141.25 km2. It contains the Surin Islands and the surrounding waters. Of the protected area 108 km2 or 80% is sea. The Park was gazetted as the 29th National park of Thailand on July 9, 1981. Mu Ko Suri National Park Head office is located on Chong Kad Bay.[2]


Access to the Surin Islands Marine National Park is easiest from either Khao Lak, Khura Buri or Koh Phra Thong in mainland Phang Nga Province. Travel to the Surin Islands is only safe from November to May. The park is closed in the other months. The mainland office of the park is in Ngan Yong, just north of Khura Buri. Dive operators in Khao Lak offer live-aboard diving trips and day trips via speedboat. Ferry tickets to the islands can also be bought in Kuraburi as well. All boat operators in Kuraburi provide free land transfer to the ferry pier, which is a 10-minute ride from the town centre.

See also


External links

  • Phang Nga Tourist Association
  • Map of Surin Islands
  • Presentation of Surin and Similan in French
  • Guide to the Surin Islands

Coordinates: 9°25′N 97°52′E / 9.417°N 97.867°E / 9.417; 97.867

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