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Synthetically thinned aperture radar

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Title: Synthetically thinned aperture radar  
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Subject: Phased array, Star (disambiguation), Synthetic aperture radar, Radar configurations and types
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Synthetically thinned aperture radar

Synthetic Thinned Aperture Radiometry (STAR) is a method of radar in which the coherent product (correlation) of the signal from pairs of antennas is measured at different antenna-pair spacings (baselines).[1] These products yield sample points in the Fourier transform of the brightness temperature map of the scene, and the scene itself is reconstructed by inverting the sampled transform.[2] The reconstructed image includes all of the pixels in the entire field-of-view of the antennas.

The main advantage of the STAR architecture is that it requires no mechanical scanning of an antenna. Using a static antenna simplifies the antenna system dynamics and improves the time-bandwidth product of the radiometer. Furthermore, aperture thinning reduces the overall volume and mass of the antenna system. A disadvantage is the reduction of radiometric sensitivity (or increase in rms noise) of the image due to a decrease in signal-to-noise for each measurement compared to a filled aperture. Pixel averaging is required for good radiometric sensitivity.

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