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Tabal

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Title: Tabal  
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Language: English
Subject: Syro-Hittite states, Anatolia, Esarhaddon, Ancient Near East, Kaskians
Collection: Anatolia, Ancient Peoples of Georgia (Country), Assyria, History of Georgia (Country), Luwians, Syro-Hittite States, Tabal
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Tabal

Tabal
Šura?

Unknown–713 BC
Tabal among the Neo-Hittite states
Capital Not specified
Languages Hieroglyphic Luwian
Religion Luwian religion
Government Monarchy
Historical era Iron Age
 •  Established Unknown
 •  Disestablished 713 BC
Today part of  Turkey

Tabal (c.f. biblical Tubal) was a Luwian speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom of South Central Anatolia. According to archaeologist Kurt Bittel, the kingdom of Tabal first appeared after the collapse of the Hittite Empire.[1]

The Alişar.

Tabal and its people are often identified with the tribe of the Kartvelian tribal designation. Whether there is really any connection between the Tibareni of the Black Sea coast and the Tabal kingdom of Southern Anatolia is uncertain, ancient authors may have already confused the two.

The known rulers of Tabal are:

  • Tuwati I (Assyrian Tuatti), ca. 837 BC[2]
  • Kikki, son of Tuwati I, ca. 837 BC[3]
  • Tuwati II, mid 8th century BC[3]
  • Wasusarmas (Assyrian Wassurme), son of Tuwati II, ca. 740 - 730 BC[3]
  • Hulli, 730 - 726 BC[4]
  • Ambaris, son of Hulli, ca. 721 - 713 BC[4]
  • Hidi ca. 690 BC[5]
  • Iškallu ca. 679 BC[6]
  • Mugallu/Mukalli ca. 670,[5] 663, 651 BC[7]
  • x-ussi, son of Mugallu[7] (ca. 650[8]/640[7] BC)

Bibliography

  • Ivane Javakhishvili. Historical-Ethnological problems of Georgia, the Caucasus and the Near East. Tbilisi, 1950, pp. 130–135 (in Georgian)
  • Simon Janashia. Works, vol. III. Tbilisi, 1959, pp. 2–74 (in Georgian)
  • Nana Khazaradze. The Ethnopolitical entities of Eastern Asia Minor in the first half of the 1st millennium BC. Tbilisi, 1978, pp. 3–139 (in Georgian, Russian and English)

References

  1. ^ Kurt Bittel, Hattusha: The Kingdom of the Hittites, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. p.133
  2. ^ Trevor Bryce: The World of the Neo-Hittite Kingdoms: A Political and Military History. Oxford, New York 2012, p. 141-145, p. 306f.
  3. ^ a b c Trevor Bryce: The World of the Neo-Hittite Kingdoms: A Political and Military History. Oxford, New York 2012, p. 141-145, p. 306.
  4. ^ a b Trevor Bryce: The World of the Neo-Hittite Kingdoms; A Political and Military History. Oxford, New York 2012, p. 141-145, p. 307.
  5. ^ a b Tübinger Bibelatlas / Tübingen Bible Atlas. Siegfried Mittmann, Götz Schmitt (eds.), Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2001, Map B IV 13.
  6. ^ Trevor Bryce: The World of the Neo-Hittite Kingdoms; A Political and Military History. Oxford, New York 2012, p. 293.
  7. ^ a b c Christian Marek, Peter Frei: Geschichte Kleinasiens in der Antike. Munich 2010, p. 802.
  8. ^ Ebeling, Erich; Meissner, Bruno (1990). Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archãologie. Germany: Walter de Gruyter & Co. p. 187.  
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