World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tatpurusha

Article Id: WHEBN0001890182
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tatpurusha  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sanskrit, Shiva, Bahuvrihi, Vedic Sanskrit grammar
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tatpurusha

In Sanskrit grammar a tatpuruṣa (तत्पुरुष) compound is a dependent determinative compound, i.e. a compound XY meaning a type of Y which is related to X in a way corresponding to one of the grammatical cases of X.

There are many tatpuruṣas (one for each noun case, and a few others besides); in a tatpuruṣa, one component is related to another. For example, "doghouse" is a dative compound, a house for a dog. It would be called a caturthī-tatpuruṣa (caturthī refers to the fourth case — that is, the dative). The most frequent kind is the genitive tatpuruṣa. Examples are:-

  • jaya-prepsu = "victory-desiring". (accusative)
  • varşa-bhogya = "year - going to be enjoyed" = "to be enjoyed for a year" (adjective). (accusative)
  • deva-datta = "god-given" = "given by the gods". (instrumental)
  • viṣņu-bali = "Vishnu-offering" = "offering to Vishnu". (dative)
  • svarga-patita = "heaven-fallen" = "fallen from heaven". (ablative)
  • tat-puruṣa = "that-man" in the sense of "that person's man". (genitive)
  • vyāghra-buddhi = "tiger-thought" = "thought of it being a tiger". (genitive)
  • yajur-veda = "sacrifice-knowledge" = "the knowledge of sacrifice", and the name of part of the Vedas. (genitive)
  • rudrākṣa = rudra-akṣa = "Rudra-eye" = "the eye of Rudra". (genitive)
  • raja-putra = "king-son" = "son of a king". (genitive)
  • gŗha-jata = "house-born" = "born in the house". (locative)
  • pūrvāhņa-kŗta = "morning-done" = "done in the morning". (locative)

The word "tatpuruṣa" is an example of the type: see in the list above.

  • caturthī-tatpuruṣa = "which is dative and a tatpuruṣa". (nominative), but a nominative tatpuruṣa is classed as a karmadhāraya.

Note: in Vedic Sanskrit rájaputra is a bahuvrihi and means "having a king as a son", and rajapútra is a tatpuruṣa and means "king's son": notice where the Vedic udātta accent is.

References

  • W. D. Whitney, Sanskrit Grammar: Including both the Classical Language and the Older Dialects

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.