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Telecommunications in Botswana

 

Telecommunications in Botswana

Telecommunications in Botswana include newspapers, radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.

In addition to the government-owned newspaper and national radio network, there is an active, independent press (six weekly newspapers). Foreign publications are sold without restriction in Botswana. Two privately owned radio stations began operations in 1999. Botswana's first national television station, the government-owned Botswana Television (BTV), was launched in July 2000. It began broadcasting with three hours of programming on weekdays and five on weekends, offering news in Setswana and English, entertainment, and sports, with plans to produce 60% of its programming locally. The cellular phone providers Orange and MTN cover most of the country.

Radio stations:

  • 2 state-owned national radio stations; 3 privately owned radio stations broadcast locally (2007);[1]
  • AM 8, FM 13, shortwave 4 (2001).

Television stations: 1 state-owned and 1 privately owned; privately owned satellite TV subscription service is available (2007).[1]

Television sets:

  • 80,000 (2006);
  • 31,000 (1997).

Telephones - main lines in use:

  • 160,500 lines, 134th in the world (2012);[1]
  • 136,900 (2006).

Telephones - mobile cellular:

  • 3.1 million lines, 129th in the world (2012);[1]
  • 1.4 million lines (2007).

Telephone system:[1]

  • general assessment: Botswana is participating in regional development efforts; expanding fully digital system with fiber-optic cables linking the major population centers in the east as well as a system of open-wire lines, microwave radio relays links, and radiotelephone communication stations (2011);
  • domestic: fixed-line teledensity has declined in recent years and now stands at roughly 7 telephones per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity now pushing 140 telephones per 100 persons (2011);
  • international: country code - 267; international calls are made via satellite, using international direct dialing; 2 international exchanges; digital microwave radio relay links to Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2011).

Internet top-level domain: .bw

Internet users:

  • 241,272 users, 148th in the world; 11.5% of the population, 166th in the world (2012);[2][3]
  • 120,000 users, 154th in the world (2009);[1]
  •   80,000 users (2007).

Internet broadband:

  • 16,407 fixed broadband subscriptions, 134th in the world; 0.8% of the population, 143rd in the world;[2][4]
  • 348,124 wireless broadband subscriptions, 102nd in the world; 16.6% of the population, 76th in the world.[5]

Internet hosts:

  • 1,806 hosts (2012);[1]
  • 6,374 hosts (2008).

Internet IPv4 addresses: 100,096 addresses allocated, less than 0.05% of the world total, 47.7 addresses per 1000 people (2012).[6][7]

Internet Service Providers:

  • 11 ISPs (2001);
  •   2 ISPs (1999).

ADSL has been introduced in the following areas: Gaborone, Tlkokweng, Mogoditsane, Phakalane, Francistown, Lobatse, Palapye, Maun, Kasane, Selibe-Phikwe, Letlhakane, Jwaneng, and Orapa.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Botswana", World Fact Book, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 7 January 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  2. ^ a b Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
  3. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  4. ^ "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  5. ^ "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
  6. ^ Select Formats, Country IP Blocks. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Site is said to be updated daily.
  7. ^ Population, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on 2 April 2012. Note: Data are mostly for 1 July 2012.

External links

  • Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA).
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