World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tilla

 

Tilla

"Tilla" redirects here. For the village in Estonia, see Tilla, Estonia.
Tilla
Mashhood Test Firing Range (MFTR)
Agency overview
Formed Classified
Preceding Agency Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL)
Jurisdiction Pakistan federal government
Headquarters

Tilla Jogian, Jhelum District, Punjab, Pakistan.
33°20′N 73°17′E / 33.333°N 73.283°E / 33.333; 73.283

Employees Unknown (2008)
Annual budget See the budget of SUPARCO
Parent agency Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO)
Website SUPARCO MFTR home page

Tilla Satellite Launch Center, primary known as Tilla Range, is a (spaceport) 25 km west of Jhelum city in Punjab. The facility is also known as Mashhood Test Firing Range (MTFR). The spaceport has been used as a launch site for the Hypersonic Rocket Launch Vehicle Project (HRLV) and Ghauri ballistic missiles under development by the Khan Research Laboratories.[1]

Location

Tilla is an eastward continuation of the Salt Range in Jhelum District, Punjab, Pakistan, 3,242 feet above the sea. From the Bunha torrent the range rises rapidly to the culminating peak of Tilla Jogian and thence sinks as rapidly, but a series of low parallel ridges runs out across the valley of the Kahan. During British Rule, the hill was sometimes used as a summer resort by officers of Jhelum District. A famous monastery of Jogi fakirs is situated here.[2]

History

The exact timing of construction of Tilla Satellite Launch Center is unknown and unclear. According to science sources from Pakistan, it is believed that the spaceport was built and indigenously constructed by SUPARCO sometime in 1989.[3][4] The space facility is based on the model of Chinese space and missile sites, notably Base 603 and Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center. TSLC is a defence launch facility (spaceport). The facility has been used by Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL), Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), and China National Space Administration (CNSA).

Sources also claimed that the Tilla Satellite Launch Center has been used by the People's Republic of China, and that a large number of Chinese and Pakistani scientists have researched and developed space probes there for needed space research of both countries. The Government of Pakistan has kept Tilla Satellite Launch Center's information and facts in secrecy; much of the information and facts about the space facility, are unknown and unclear.

The spaceport is usually used to launch vehicles into lower and medium orbits with large orbital inclination angles, as well as testing medium to long-range missiles. Its facilities are state of the art and provide support to every phase of a satellite launch campaign. The site includes the Technical Center, high-powered radar system, laser-powered radar and telecommunication complex, the Launch Complex, the Launch Control Center, the Mission Command and Control Center, several launch pads, and various other logistical support systems.[5]

The spaceport was upgraded by SUPARCO in 1998. The spaceport consists of a supercomputer, missile control system, airborne warning, satellite control room, laser-satellite control system, aerospace control system, electrical communication and information office. The site is also defended by Pakistan Air Force fighter aircraft to protect the facility and its scientists from any airborne threat.

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.