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Torino Calcio

Torino FC
150px
Full name Torino Football Club S.p.A
Nickname(s) Il Toro (The Bull),
I Granata (The Clarets)
Founded 1906;  (1906) (AC Torino)
2005 (Torino FC)
Ground Stadio Olimpico
Ground Capacity 28,140
Chairman Urbano Cairo
Head Coach Giampiero Ventura
League Serie A
2012–13 Serie A, 16th
Home colours
Away colours
Third colours
Current season

Torino Football Club, commonly referred to as simply Torino, is a professional Italian football club based in Turin, Piedmont, that was founded in 1906 (refounded in 2005). The club has spent most of its history in the top tier in Italian football. Torino, who play in claret (Italian : granata) shirts with white shorts, have won Serie A seven times, first in 1927–28 and most recently in 1975–76. They have also won the Coppa Italia five times. On the European stage, the nearest Torino came to success was when they finished as runners-up in the UEFA Cup; this was achieved in 1991–92. Historically, Torino are the joint fifth most successful club in Italian football in terms of championships won. The club was known as Associazione Calcio Torino until 1970, and as Torino Calcio from 1970 to 2005.

For the 2012–13 season, the club finished in 16th place in the Serie A after their promotion from Serie B the previous year.

History

Foot-Ball Club Torino was founded on 3 December 1906 after a meeting at the Voigt brewery in Via Pietro Micca near the center of Turin. Its foundation involved some Juventus dissidents led by Alfredo Dick, who had left the Bianconeri after some at the club wanted to move Juventus out of Turin.[1] As well as Alfredo Dick, other prominent founders included the Swiss businessman Hans Schoenbrod (first chairman) and Vittorio Pozzo (later manager of Italy).[2] The first ground for FBC Torino was the Velodromo Umberto I in La Crocetta neighbourhood, for which Dick owned the lease. Torino lured some players from other clubs, including FBC Torinese, who became defunct as a result.[3] The fact that Torino's split from Juve was not amicable, saw the rise of a heated local known as the Derby della Mole.[4]

Torino took part in the world's first international tournament, Torneo Internazionale Stampa Sportiva, in 1908, which was hosted in Turin itself and was organised by the Italian magazine La Stampa Sportiva. Torino lost in the final 3–1 to Swiss side Servette FC.[5] In 1909, it was succeeded by the Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy, in which a Torino XI composed of Juventus and Torino players participated but did not make it to the final.[6] After the early years, Torino were denied their first championship attempt by the outbreak of World War I, and their first title was revoked in 1926–27 due to an irregularity in the match against Juventus. Torino won its first Scudetto, the Italian Serie A league championship, the following season in 1927–28 and, between 1942–43 and 1948–49, "Il Grande Torino" (the Great Torino), widely considered the best ever team in Italian football history, won five other straight Scudetti led by its captain, Valentino Mazzola.

On 4 May 1949, all but one player (who was out for an injury) of Il Grande Torino were killed when their plane crashed into the hills of Superga in the outskirts of Turin. The club never recovered and after a decade of mediocre seasons, they were relegated to Serie B in 1958–59, although they returned to Serie A the following season. By the early 1960s and until the late 1980s, Torino had solid results in Serie A, including another Scudetto in the 1975–76 season. Since the end of the 1980s, the club went up and down between Serie A and Serie B with little success, except a Coppa Italia victory in 1992–93 and a Mitropa Cup win in 1990–91. Among the best results ever achieved in the club's history were its reaching of the UEFA Cup Final in 1991–92, where the club lost in two aggregate matches to AFC Ajax.


In the 2004–05 season, Torino finished third in Serie B and, after winning the playoffs, were promoted back to the Serie A. The FIGC, however, the governing body of Italian football, expelled both Torino and Messina from Serie A due to both clubs' financial problems. While Messina was re-admitted by a civil court of appeal, however, Torino was not and it was cancelled from the Italian sport panorama. The club lost several of its best players, including Gaby Mudingayi, Gianluca Comotto, Andrea Mantovani, Federico Balzaretti, Robert Acquafresca, Stefano Sorrentino, Diego De Ascentis, Massimo Marazzina, Fabio Quagliarella, and Federico Marchetti, who all left the club to become regular starters for clubs playing in the Serie A.

Thanks to the 'Lodo Petrucci', an Italian law which allows a sport club that is the direct heir of a cancelled one to be re-admitted one division below the previous one, a new club was founded under the current name Torino F.C. and was admitted to play the next season, again in Serie B. Bought by entrepreneur Urbano Cairo, the new Torino F.C. ended its 2005–06 Serie B campaign in third place, therefore qualifying for the promotion play-offs to the Serie A. Torino subsequently defeated Mantova in the final to earn promotion to Serie A.

On 6 June 2011 Torino appointed Giampiero Ventura as the new head coach prior to the 2011–12 Serie B season. On 20 May 2012, Torino were once again promoted to Serie A after securing victory over Modena at the Stadio Olimpico di Torino 2–0. Overall, Torino finished the season on equal points with Pescara, but second place in league standings due to goal difference.

After a three-year absence from the top flight, Torino managed to avoid relegation and finish the 2012–13 Serie A season in 16th place.

Il Grande Torino

Il Grande Torino ("The Great Torino") is the name by which the Torino F.C. team of the 1940s is popularly known.[7][8][9] Il Grande Torino set many important records of Italian football, all of which still stand today. Il Grande Torino played with an attacking 4–2–4 formation, 10 years before the Brazil 1958 World Cup team, and some of their game tactics inspired the Dutch Total Football that revolutionized the game in the 1970s.

The starting lineup of Il Grande Torino that died at Superga was: Valerio Bacigalupo, Aldo Ballarin, Virgilio Maroso, Giuseppe Grezar, Mario Rigamonti, Eusebio Castigliano, Romeo Menti, Ezio Loik, Guglielmo Gabetto, Valentino Mazzola and Franco Ossola; the latter's son is now the main biographer of the Club's history.

The Italian national football team's starting lineup in the second half of the forties consisted almost entirely of Il Grande Torino players, which regularly contributed eight or nine starters. On 11 May 1947, for the friendly match between Italy and Hungary 3–2, the starting lineup for the Azzurri was composed of ten Il Grande Torino players plus the Juventus goalkeeper Sentimenti IV. For that game, Italian manager Vittorio Pozzo reserved Italy's starting keeper: Torino's Valerio Bacigalupo.

Valentino Mazzola was also the captain of Italy's national football team, and was the father of Sandro Mazzola, who also played for Internazionale and Italy in the 1960s–70s.

The Superga tragedy

Main article: Superga air disaster

On 4 May 1949, in the midst of securing a record fifth back-to-back Serie A title, and on their way home after a friendly match with Benfica in Lisbon, Portugal, the airplane carrying Il Grande Torino crashed against the Superga hill near Turin, killing nearly all the players and managers.[10]

Colours and badge

The Torino away colours that pay homage to River Plate

Torino has traditionally been represented by the colour claret, although in the first few weeks of its existence played in the yellow-and-black striped jersey of F.B.C. Torinese.[11] There are two theories that explain the choice of colour: one, is that Alfred Dick was a supporter of Geneva club Servette, which also wore claret. The other is that it was adopted from the Brigata di Savoia (The Brigade of Savoy), that liberated Turin from the French exactly 200 years before the formation of the club and adopted a bloody handkerchief in honor of a messenger killed carrying the news of the victory.[12] In Italian, the club is commonly referred to as I Granata in reference to the colour of the shirt.

The away colours usually consist of a white shirt with claret trimmings, claret shorts (sometimes also white) and white socks with claret cuffs. A commonly recurring away shirt has been white top with a diagonal claret band: in tribute to Argentine club River Plate, that has historically held close ties with Torino since the time of the Superga tragedy.[13] The shirt was debuted on January 6 1953 against AC Milan, which ended 1–1.[14]

During the 2007-08 season, Torino presented a third uniform that consisted of a shirt with orange and black vertical stripes. This was in reference to the historical progenitors of Torino: (L'Internazionale Torino and Football Club Torinese). It only appeared once throughout the entire season on 23 December 2007, in an away game played against Napoli ending 1–1.

Stadium

On January 13, 1907, Torino played its first official match after the formation of the club at the Velodrome Humbert I (in Italian "Stadio Velodrome Umberto"), then moving to Campo di Piazza d'Armi. At the time there were numerous fields at the ground and on January 23, 1907 the club began using the "Lato Ferrovia", from February 26, 1911 the "Lato Crocetta", and towards the end of 1913 the actual stadium: "Stradale Stupinigi". With the outbreak of the First World War, it was used for military purposes.


During the 1925-26 season Torino played at Motovelodromo Corso Casale (currently restored and dedicated to Fausto Coppi, it hosts American Football meetings), while awaiting a move to the Stadio Filadelfia.

Located near the former Stradale Stupinigi, the Filadelfia is the stadium inextricably linked to the deeds of the Grande Torino: opened October 17, 1926 against Fortitude Rome, Torino continuously hosted games at the stadium until 11 May 1958. As of 2013, there have been talks of reconstructing the ground into a modern stadium to be used by the club.[15]

During the 1958-59 season Torino briefly played at the Stadio Vittorio Pozzo, commonly known as the "Communale". At the time, it was capable of holding 65,000 people. However, after the club's first relegation to Serie B, it returned to the Filadelfia for the 1959-60 Serie B season, and the next, in Serie A. Torino returned to the Comunale during 1963-64 season, it lasted until May 27, 1990 and was the site of Torino's last champion (1976). The final match at the stadium was held during the 1989-90 Serie B season (Torino Messina 3-0). It was abandoned in favour of the Stadio delle Alpi, a stadium purposely built for the 1990 FIFA World Cup.

Torino played at the Stadio delle Alpi from 1990 to 2006. Despite being criticised for its poor visibility and being too cold, the stadium still sold out on rare occasions (the last during was during the 2005-06 play-offs, when Torino won promotion to Serie A).

Starting in 2006, following the reconstructions carried out to make it suitable to host the opening ceremonies and closing of the XX Olympic Winter Games (held that year in Turin), Torino returned to the former Communale, renamed the Olimpico di Torino. It has a capacity of 28,140 seats, 38,000 less than the original in accordance with modern safety standards.

Supporters and rivalries

Derby della Mole

Torino's traditional rivals are their crosstown neighbours Juventus, with whom they contest the Derby della Mole. While Juventus has a more widespread support internationally, Torino's fan base tends to be more localized. The derby between Torino and Juventus does not have the international standing of the Derby della Madonnina (Milan's derby), but is strongly felt in Turin and Italy. Juventus is the team with more supporters in the Bel Paese, but Torino is the Turin area's first team. The fixture is explosive, and in the years when the teams meet, the atmosphere is always hot with frequent riots.

From 1990 to 2006, the club played in the 69,040 capacity Stadio delle Alpi, which they shared with their rivals Juventus. Prior to 1990, the clubs shared the Stadio Comunale for thirty years, Torino moving there from the glorious Stadio Filadelfia, home of the Il Grande Torino era. Starting from the 2006–07 season, Torino moved into a new, smaller ground of its own, the Stadio Olimpico di Torino (which is the renewed former Stadio Comunale), which Juventus previously shared. It could potentially be renamed the Stadio Grande Torino after Juventus moved to a new stadium in 2011 on the site of the former Stadio delle Alpi, called Juventus Stadium.

Players

First team squad

As of 13 September 2013.[16]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Belgium GK Jean-François Gillet [17]
2 Uruguay DF Guillermo Rodríguez
3 Italy DF Danilo D'Ambrosio
4 Albania MF Migjen Basha
5 Italy DF Cesare Bovo
7 Morocco MF Omar El Kaddouri (on loan from Napoli)
8 Sweden MF Alexander Farnerud
9 Italy FW Ciro Immobile
10 Brazil FW Barreto
11 Italy MF Alessio Cerci
14 Italy MF Alessandro Gazzi
16 Argentina FW Marcelo Larrondo [18]
17 Italy DF Salvatore Masiello
No. Position Player
19 Serbia DF Nikola Maksimović (on loan from Red Star)[19]
20 Italy MF Giuseppe Vives
23 Italy GK Lys Gomis
24 Italy DF Emiliano Moretti
25 Poland DF Kamil Glik (captain)[20]
26 Italy DF Giovanni Pasquale (on loan from Udinese)
29 Italy DF Filippo Scaglia [21]
30 Italy GK Daniele Padelli
32 Italy GK Tommaso Berni
33 Italy MF Matteo Brighi
36 Italy DF Matteo Darmian
63 Italy MF Nicola Bellomo
69 Italy FW Riccardo Meggiorini

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy GK Alfred Gomis (at Crotone until 30 June 2014)[22]
Italy DF Marco Chiosa (at Bari until 30 June 2014)[23]
Italy MF Matteo Amedeo (at Asti until 30 June 2014)[24]
Mali MF Boubakary Diarra (at Bra until 30 June 2014)[25]
Argentina MF Nicolás Gorobsov (at Timișoara until 30 June 2014)[26]
Serbia MF Alen Stevanović (at Palermo until 30 June 2014)[27]
No. Position Player
Romania MF Sergiu Suciu (at Juve Stabia until 30 June 2014)[28]
Senegal FW Abou Diop (at Juve Stabia until 30 June 2014)[29]
Italy FW Giorgio Fumana (at Bra until 30 June 2014)[30]
Italy FW Vittorio Parigini (at Juve Stabia until 30 June 2014)[31]
Italy FW Simone Verdi (at Empoli until 30 June 2014)[32]
Brazil FW Willyan (at Beira-Mar until 30 June 2014)[33]

Co-ownership

The following are players who have been transferred to another team with Torino retaining the right of participation (i.e. 50% of the patrimonial rights) to their contracts. For further information, see: Co-ownership (football).

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy DF Davide Cinaglia (Feralpi Salò)[34]
Italy DF Nicolò Sperotto (Carpi)[35]
Italy MF Alessio Vita (Monza)
Italy MF Emanuele Gatto (Lumezzane)[36]
No. Position Player
Italy MF Umberto Miello (Monza)
Italy MF Vincenzo Nitride (Bra)[37]
Italy FW Gianmario Comi (Milan)[38]

Youth team squad

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
27 Italy FW Mattia Aramu
28 Italy GK Umberto Saracco
No. Position Player
29 Italy DF Filippo Scaglia
35 Italy GK Marco Sordi

Notable players

For a list of all former and current Torino players with a World Heritage Encyclopedia article, see Category:Torino F.C. players.

Retired numbers

12 - Since the 1998–99 season, as a sign of recognition towards the fans who sit in the Curva Maratona, symbolically considered the 12th man in the pitch.

Current coaching staff

As of 3 November 2013.[39]
Position Name
Head coach Giampiero Ventura
Assistant coach Salvatore Sullo
Team manager Giacomo Ferri
Goalkeeping coach Giuseppe Zinetti
Fitness coaches Alessandro Innocenti
Paolo Solustri

Managerial history

Torino have had many managers and trainers, some seasons they have had co-managers running the team, here is a chronological list of them from 1912 onwards.[40]

 
Name Nationality Years
Vittorio Pozzo Italy 1912–22
Karl Stürmer Austria 1922–24
Peter Farmer Scotland 1924–26
Imre Schoffer Hungary 1926–27
Antonio "Tony" Cargnelli Austria 1927–29
Karl Stürmer Austria 1929–30
Vittorio Morelli di Popolo Italy 1930–31
Adolfo Baloncieri Italy 1931–32
Franz Hänsel Czech Republic 1932–33
Eugen Payer Hungary 1933–34
Augusto Rangone Italy 1934
Antonio "Tony" Cargnelli Austria 1934–37
Gyula Feldmann Hungary 1937–38
Antonio Janni Italy 1938
Egri Erbstein Hungary 1938–39
András Kuttik Hungary 1939–40
Angelo Mattea Italy 1940
Antonio "Tony" Cargnelli Austria 1940–42
András Kuttik Hungary 1942–43
Vittorio Pozzo Italy 1944
Luigi Ferrero Italy 1945–47
Mario Sperone
Roberto Copernico
Italy
Italy
1947–48
Leslie Lievesley
Egri Erbstein
England
Hungary
1948–49
Giuseppe Bigogno
Roberto Copernico
Italy
Italy
1949–51
Mario Sperone Italy 1951–52
Oberdan Ussello Italy 1952–53
Jesse Carver England 1953–54
Annibale Frossi Italy 1954–56
Fioravante Baldi Italy 1956–57
 
Name Nationality Years
Blagoje Marjanović Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1957–58
Fioravante Baldi Italy 1958
Federico Allasio Italy 1958–59
Quinto Bertoloni Italy 1959
Imre Senkey Hungary 1959–60
Giacinto Ellena Italy 1960
Beniamino Santos Argentina 1960–63
Giacinto Ellena Italy 1963
Nereo Rocco Italy 1963–66
Marino Bergamasco
Nereo Rocco
Italy
Italy
1966–67
Edmondo Fabbri Italy 1967–69
Giancarlo Cadè Italy 1969–71
Gustavo Giagnoni Italy 1971–74
Edmondo Fabbri Italy 1974–75
Luigi Radice Italy 1975–80
Ercole Rabitti Italy 1980–81
Romano Cazzaniga Italy 1981
Massimo Giacomini Italy 1981–82
Eugenio Bersellini Italy 1982–84
Luigi Radice Italy 1984 – Dec 88
Claudio Sala Italy Dec 1988–89
Sergio Vatta Italy 1989
Eugenio Fascetti Italy 1989–90
Emiliano Mondonico Italy July 1990 – June 94
Rosario Rampanti Italy 1994–95
Nedo Sonetti Italy 1995–96
Francesco Scoglio Italy 1996
Lido Vieri Italy 1996
Mauro Sandreani Italy July 1996 – June 97
Lido Vieri Italy 1997
 
Name Nationality Years
Giancarlo Camolese Italy 1997–98
Graeme Souness
Edoardo Reja
Scotland
Italy
July 1997 – Oct 97
Oct 1997 – June 98
Emiliano Mondonico Italy July 1998 – June 00
Luigi Simoni Italy 2000–01
Giancarlo Camolese Italy Oct 2000 – Oct 2
Renzo Ulivieri Italy Oct 2002 – Feb 3
Renato Zaccarelli Italy Feb 2003 – April 3
Giacomo Ferri Italy April 2003 – June 3
Ezio Rossi Italy July 2003 – June 5
Renato Zaccarelli Italy 2005
Daniele Arrigoni Italy July 2005 – Aug 5
Paolo Stringara Italy Aug 2005–05
Gianni De Biasi Italy Sept 2005 – Sep 6
Alberto Zaccheroni Italy Sept 2006 – Feb 7
Gianni De Biasi Italy Feb 2007 – June 7
Walter Novellino Italy July 2007 – April 8
Gianni De Biasi Italy 2008
Walter Novellino Italy Dec 2008 – March 9
Giancarlo Camolese Italy March 2009 – June 9
Stefano Colantuono Italy June 2009 – Nov 9
Mario Beretta Italy Nov 2009 – Jan 10
Stefano Colantuono Italy 2010
Franco Lerda Italy June 2010 – March 11
Giuseppe Papadopulo Italy March 2011
Franco Lerda Italy 2011
Giampiero Ventura Italy June 2011–

Honours

National

  • Champions (5): 1935–36, 1942–43, 1967–68, 1970–71, 1992–93
  • Runners-up (8): 1937–38, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1969–70, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1987–88
  • Champions (3): 1959–60, 1989–90, 2000–01
  • Runners-up (1): 2011–12
  • Serie A Playoffs (3): 2004–05; 2005–06; 2009–10
  • Runners-up (1): 1993

Notes:
^1 Torino won the title in the 1926–27 season, but it was later revoked.

International

  • Runners-up (1): 1991–92
  • Winners (1): 1990–91
  • Winners (1): 1990
  • Runners-up (1): 1993
  • Amicizia Cup
  • Winners (1): 1960
  • Runners-up (1): 1962

Youth

Club statistics and recordsd records

  • Joint holder of most consecutive Italian Serie A league titles (5), from 1943 to 1949 (1942–43, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49; in 1944 and 1945, no league matches were played due to World War II). This tied Juventus' record from 1931 to 1935, and Internazionale equalled it from 2006 to 2010.
  • Most consecutive seasons undefeated at home: 4 straight seasons (1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49)
  • Most consecutive league matches undefeated at home: 93 straight matches, with 83 wins and 10 draws (from 24 January 1943 to 30 April 1949) and just two visiting teams that didn't allow any goal.
  • Most points in one season (before the 3 points per win rules): 65 points (1947–48)
  • Biggest ever advantage on the English average: 6 points above (1946–47)
  • Greatest ever home win: 10–0 against Alessandria (1947–48)
  • Greatest ever away win: 0–7 against Roma (1945–46 Serie A Finals)
  • Most wins in one season (16 teams league): 20 wins in 30 matches (1942–43)
  • Most wins in one season (21 teams league): 29 wins in 40 matches (1947–48)
  • Most home wins in one season: 19 wins on 20 matches (1947–48)
  • Most away wins in one season (16 teams league): 10 wins in 15 matches (1942–43)
  • Most home points in one season: 39 points on 40 available (1947–48)
  • Most away points in one season (16 teams league): 22 points on 30 available (1942–43)
  • Fewest home points dropped in one season: 1 point on 40 available (1947–48 and 1948–49)
  • Fewest away defeats in one season: 3 defeats on 19 matches (1946–47 and 1948–49)
  • Most goals scored in one season: 125 goals (1947–48)
  • Most home goals scored in one season: 89 goals (1947–48)
  • Most away goals scored in one season (16 teams league): 31 goals (1942–43)
  • Most goals scored in the 5 championship seasons: 408 goals scored (1942–43, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49)
  • Fewest goals suffered in one season (21 teams league): 33 goals (1947–48)
  • Fewest away goals suffered in one season (16 teams league): 9 goals (1942–43)
  • Best ever average of goals scored in one season: 3.125 goals per match (1947–48)
  • Most points in the second half of the season: 36 points on 40 available (1947–48)

Notable players

For a list of all former and current Torino players with a World Heritage Encyclopedia article, see Category:Torino F.C. players.

Shirt sponsors and manufacturers

Shirt sponsor

  • 1958–59 Talmone (confectionery)
  • 1981–83 Barbero (wines)
  • 1983–84 Ariostea (pottery)
  • 1984–88 Sweda (cash registers)
  • 1988–91 Indesit (home appliances)
  • 1991–94 Beretta (foodstuffs)
  • 1994–95 Bongioanni (boilers)
  • 1995–00 SDA (parcel delivery)
  • 2000–01 Directa (financial services)
 
  • 2001–02 Conto Arancio (net-banking)
  • 2002–03 Ixfin (electronic products)
  • 2003–05 Bavaria (brewery)
  • 2005–08 Reale Mutua (insurance) – Beretta (foodstuffs)
  • 2008–09 Renault Trucks (trucks and commercial vehicles) – Reale Mutua (insurance)
  • 2009–11 Italporte (doors/windows) – Dahlia TV (pay television)
  • 2011–12 Valmora (mineral water) – Aruba.it (web services)
  • 2012–13 Beretta (foodstuffs) – Aruba.it (web services)
  • 2013–14 Beretta (foodstuffs) – Suzuki (motorcycles and commercial vehicles)[41]

Kit manufacturer

 

References

External links

  • (Italian) Torino FC Official website

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