World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0003142655
Reproduction Date:

Title: Turdetani  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula, History of Carmona, Spain, Celtici, Tartessos, Turduli
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Main language areas in Iberia c. 300 BC
Approximate area where the Turdetani people lived
High-relief showing an Auletris (woman playing an aulos). Ancient Iberian artwork sculpted in limestone at the end of the 3rd or the beginning of the 2nd century BC. It is part of the so-called Sculptures of Osuna, Seville Province, Andalusia, Spain.

The Turdetani were an ancient pre-Roman people of the Iberian peninsula (the Roman Hispania), living in the valley of the Guadalquivir in what was to become the Roman Province of Hispania Baetica (modern Andalusia, Spain). Strabo[1] considers them to have been the successors to the people of Tartessos and to have spoken a language closely related to the Tartessian language.


  • History 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The Turdetani were in constant contact with their Greek and Carthaginian neighbors. Herodotus describes them as enjoying a civilized rule under a king, Arganthonios, who welcomed Phocaean colonists in the fifth century BC. The Turdetani are said to have possessed a written legal code and to have employed Celtiberian mercenaries to carry on their wars against Rome.[2] Strabo notes that the Turdetani were the most civilized peoples in Iberia, with the implication that their ordered, urbanized culture was most in accord with Greco-Roman models. After the end of the Second Punic War, the Turdetani rose against their Roman governor in 197. When Cato the Elder became consul in 195 BCE, he was given the command of the whole of Hispania. Cato first put down the rebellion in the northeast, then marched south and put down the revolt by the Turdetani, "the least warlike of all the Hispanic tribes".[3] Cato was able to return to Rome in 194, leaving two praetors in charge of the two provinces.

In Plautus' comedy The Captives, a reference to the Turdetani (Act i, Scene ii) seems to show that their district in Hispania Baetica had become proverbially famous for the thrushes and small birds supplied for Roman tables. Turdus is the genus of the thrushes.

See also


  1. ^ Strabo, Geography III, 2, 12-13.
  2. ^ Livy, Ab Urbe Condita Libri, 34, 19.
  3. ^ Livy, Ab Urbe Condita Libri, 34, 17.


  • Ángel Montenegro et alii, Historia de España 2 - colonizaciones y formación de los pueblos prerromanos (1200-218 a.C), Editorial Gredos, Madrid (1989) ISBN 84-249-1386-8

External links

  • Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)
  • book 34History of RomeLivy, , especially 34.17 and following sections
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.