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Umtamvuna Nature Reserve

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Title: Umtamvuna Nature Reserve  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Protected areas of South Africa, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, Mtamvuna River
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Umtamvuna Nature Reserve

Umtamvuna Nature Reserve
Location of the reserve in KwaZulu-Natal
Location KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Nearest city Port Edward, South Africa

31°01′S 30°10′E / 31.01°S 30.16°E / -31.01; 30.16Coordinates: 31°01′S 30°10′E / 31.01°S 30.16°E / -31.01; 30.16

Area 3,257 ha
Established 1971
Governing body Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife

The Umtamvuna Nature Reserve is situated in South Africa on the KwaZulu-Natal side of the Mtamvuna River, and is managed by Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife. The reserve is 3,257 hectares in extent and was established on 25 July 1971.[1]


The reserve includes a section of the Mtamvuna River, and surrounding cliffs and plateaus, from the outskirts of the town of Port Edward to 19 km inland. The total river frontage in the reserve is about 28 km.[1] The reserve also includes the Bulolo River; a tributary of the Mtamvuna.[1] The plateau areas consist of grasslands (Pondoland Sourveld), which drop off into Coastal Scarp Forest in the gorge along the river below.[1] Some of the cliff-faces are up to 240 m high, and a colony of Cape Vultures is said to nest on them.[1] The cliffs were formed by the river incising into Natal Group Sandstone, and many endemic plants grow on this substrate and the soils derived from it.[2] The grassland areas of the reserve are known for their natural display of wildflowers in late spring, depending on rainfall and burns.[1]


Animals in the reserve include


See also

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