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Veolia Transport

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Title: Veolia Transport  
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Subject: Arriva, Hong Kong Tramways, Veolia, OV-chipkaart, National Express Group
Collection: 1876 Establishments in France, Bus Operating Companies, Companies Established in 1876, Railway Companies of France, Veolia
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Veolia Transport

Industry Transportation Services
Fate Merged with original Transdev
Founded 1876 (1997)
Defunct 2013
Headquarters Paris, France
Key people
Henri Proglio (Chairman and CEO)
Products Transportation as Veolia Transportation
Revenue €6.1 billion EUR (2009)
Owner Veolia Environnement
Number of employees
83,654 (2009)

Veolia Transport (formerly Connex and CGEA Transport) was the international transport services division of the French-based multinational company Veolia Environnement until the 2011 merger that gave rise to Veolia Transdev.[1] Veolia Transport traded under the brand names of Veolia Transportation in North America and Israel, Veolia Transport, Veolia Verkehr in Germany and with the former name Connex preserved in Lebanon and (until it ceased operations on 31 December 2012) Jersey.

The company was established on 1 January 1997 as CGEA Transport, when the public transport divisions of Compagnie Générale des Eaux (CGE) and its subsidiary Compagnie Générale d'Entreprises Automobiles (CGEA) were merged.[2] The name was changed to Connex in 2000, and in November 2002 Compagnie générale française des transports et entreprises (CGFTE) was incorporated. In 2005, the name became Veolia Transport.

In 2007, the group posted revenues of €5.6 billion in 2007,[3] and sold Veolia Cargo, the rail freight branch of Veolia Transport in 2009 to SNCF and Eurotunnel.[4]

A merger between Veolia Transport and Transdev was announced on 23 July 2009.[5] Transdev was then a subsidiary of Caisse des Dépôts. The merger was completed in March 2011. Veolia Transdev became the world's private-sector leader in sustainable mobility with more than 110,000 employees in 28 countries.[6]

In July 2011, amid disappointing financial results, Veolia Environnement announced the launch of new restructuring plans and redeployment of assets and businesses.[7] In December 2011, Veolia announced a €5bn divestment program over 2012-2013.[8] As part of this programme, Veolia would divest its participation in Veolia Transdev and exit the transport business altogether.

Until 2011, Veolia had diverse road and rail operations across the globe, employing 72,000 workers worldwide and serving completely or partly about 40 metropolitan areas with more than 1,000,000 inhabitants.


  • Europe 1
    • France 1.1
    • Belgium 1.2
    • Denmark 1.3
    • Finland 1.4
    • Germany 1.5
    • Ireland 1.6
    • Jersey 1.7
    • Netherlands 1.8
    • Norway 1.9
    • Spain 1.10
    • Sweden 1.11
    • United Kingdom 1.12
    • Central Europe 1.13
      • Czech Republic 1.13.1
      • Slovakia 1.13.2
      • Poland 1.13.3
      • Serbia 1.13.4
  • Asia 2
    • China 2.1
    • Hong Kong 2.2
    • Israel 2.3
    • India 2.4
    • Lebanon 2.5
    • Macau 2.6
    • South Korea 2.7
  • Oceania 3
    • Australia 3.1
    • New Caledonia 3.2
    • New Zealand 3.3
  • North America 4
    • Canada 4.1
    • United States 4.2
  • South America 5
    • Chile 5.1
    • Colombia 5.2
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Former Connex logo


Tramway on tires in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle
The Bayerische Oberlandbahn near Munich is operated by Veolia.


  • Autocars De Polder has been part of the Veolia Group since 1995.[10]
  • Veolia operates some de Lijn routes under contract.


A Veolia bus in Helsinki advertising the Hesburger fast-food chain
  • Veolia ran half of the transport operations of the privatised Combus especially around Copenhagen. These operations were sold to Arriva in October 2007.


  • Helsinki: Veolia owns Helsinki Metropolitan Area's bus company Veolia Finland, which was previously Linjebuss and operates essentially in Vantaa, a northern suburb of Helsinki.
  • Tampere: Veolia owns the regional bus company previously known as Alhonen & Lastunen
  • Seinäjoki: Veolia owns yet another local bus company, now known as Veolia Transport West Oy, operating both local and long-distance routes.


  • Veolia Verkehr, former Connex Verkehr, offers train services, several of a regional character such as the Bayerische Oberlandbahn from Munich, and two long-distance services. Veolia owns a number of bus companies, mostly in suburban areas. It also operates tram systems:
    • Aachen: Suburban buses,
    • Berlin: Suburban tram line linking to the S Bahn,
    • Frankfurt: Suburban buses,
    • Hagen: Urban network,
    • Pforzheim: Urban network won by Veolia in August 2006. Network included in "Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund GmbH" (KVV) and linked to it by Tram-Train line,
    • Schwäbisch Hall: Urban network,
    • Stuttgart: Suburban buses,
    • ...and also into rural areas.


  • Dublin: Veolia operates the Luas tramway which started operations in June 2004.
  • Galway: Veolia owned the Nestor Airlink bus company which operates between Galway and Dublin Airport. However Jim Burke & Sons own and run it as of March 2009.


MyBus Caetano Slimbus bodied Dennis Dart in St Helier in December 2012
  • Connex Transport Jersey operated bus services in Jersey between 29 September 2002 and 31 December 2012 under the Mybus brand.[11]


Veolia train (Stadler GTW) in the Netherlands




United Kingdom

Connex South Central train at Haywards Heath station in 2002
  • Connex South Eastern - A train operator in south-east England that ran from 26 May 1996 to 9 November 2003. The contract was due to run until 2011 but was revoked early due to poor financial management after repeated warnings from Government.[15][16]
  • Connex South Central - A train operator in the south of England that ran from 13 October 1996 until 25 August 2001.[17]
  • Dunn-Line – A National Express contractor. Veolia sold its Nottingham bus and private hire coach operations to Premiere Travel from 31 January 2011; on 6 January 2011, its National Express coach work from the city passed to Yourbus.[18]
  • Veolia Transport Cymru, which purchased the following:
    • Pullman Coaches
    • Bebb Travel – A National Express contractor
    • Shamrock Coaches
    • Hawkes
    • Longs
  • Astons Coaches (Kempsey, Worcester)
  • Paul James Coaches (Taken over by Centrebus in October 2011)
  • Veolia Transport – Running a number of local services in Tyne & Wear. Veolia local and sightseeing services in York were taken over by Transdev York in August 2008.[19]

Central Europe

Veolia Transport Central Europe is a daughter company for Central Europe. It was sold to Arriva in the spring of 2013.

Czech Republic

Connex Praha bus

Veolia Transport is one of the largest bus operators, operates also one regional railway line and one trolleybus network. Main acquisitions carried out (as Connex) in 2002–2004 (ČSAD Ostrava, Třinec, Praha-Vršovice, Příbram, DP Teplice), smaller in 2005 (MAD Kolín), 2008 (Nerabus), 2010 (Spojbus) etc. In summer 2008, it changed its trademark from Connex to Veolia Transport. In 2004–2007, several times competed or offered for passenger railway transport, however have got no new job yet.


  • Nitra: Urban network and bus station.


Veolia transport in Poland - bus Autosan Gemini
  • Veolia owns a number of bus companies and operates an urban network:
    • Tczew: Urban city network.


  • Veolia owns a number of bus companies and operates 2 urban networks:



  • Huaibei : Bus network operated as a joint venture into a city of 2 040 000 inhabitants (932 185 hab. urban in 2006) in Anhui province,
  • Huainan : Bus network operated as a joint venture into a city of 1 076 000 inhabitants (1 075 754 hab. urban in 2006) in Anhui province,

Hong Kong


  • Jerusalem: Veolia won a $500 million contract in 2003 to build and maintain the Jerusalem Light Rail system, which will comprise eight lines running across the city. It is expected to be completed by 2020. The first line, from Pisgat Ze'ev to Beit HaKerem, began operation in 2011. Due to the controversial nature of the project, Veolia became a target of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) campaign.[21] In September 2009, the company considering selling its share in the project to the Dan Bus Company for $15–20 million.[22] In October 2010, it agreed to sell its stake to Egged instead. As a result, Dan sued Veolia.[23]

In 2012, Denis Gasquet, Veolia's senior executive vice president, visited Israel, where the company has reached a turnover of 1.5 billion shekels a year. After 20 years of investment in the country, Gasquet said the company had never lost a tender due to its commitment to Israel. Despite operational hitches, Veolia stated that there were no political problems with the Arabs or the Jews, and the company was "not ashamed to say that we make money in Israel."[24]




  • Macau: Veolia invested in a joint venture with RATP Asia and created Reolian Public Transport Co.. Services began August 1, 2011 and is operating two of five groupings of routes, also to be the more important arterial routes of the city. The joint venture announced filing for bankruptcy on Oct 1, 2013.

South Korea


Veolia Transport NSW Volgren bodied Volvo B10L in Sydney, Australia in July 2013


Connex changed its name to the same as its French parent company's, Veolia, in January 2006. Branding on buses and trains was changed to reflect this position, with the exception of Connex Melbourne. Turnover for Australia was over A$635 million.

New Caledonia

  • Nouméa: Veolia created and ran the Noumea suburban bus network.

New Zealand

North America

Veolia Transportation is the North American business unit of Veolia Transport[32]


In April 2005 Veolia were awarded the contract in York Region in suburban Toronto, Ontario, Canada running the bus rapid transit (BRT) naming the routes VIVA and joining with York Region Transit (YRT) as a one fare transit system.[33]

Veolia also operates transit services in the Greater Montreal Area

United States

Connex arrived in the United States in 2001, with the acquisition of Yellow Transportation in Baltimore, Maryland.[34] On September 1, 2005, Connex acquired ATC from National Express, making Connex-ATC the largest privately owned public transportation company in North America.[35] In 2006, Connex-ATC changed its name to Veolia Transportation, acquired ShuttlePort, and won several contracts in the USA, including:

Veolia now employs over 16,000 employees with 6,500 vehicles and a revenue of over $1 billion. in 2005 in North America. Its executive team includes Mark Joseph (CEO of VTNA). It is headquartered in Oak Brook, Illinois.

Veolia also owns the Supershuttle shared-ride airport shuttle service, as well as the ExecuCar black car/sedan service. Veolia also operates taxicab services across the country under various brands.

South America


  • Santiago: Veolia operates feeder services to the Metro and "Troncales" in northern suburban Santiago.


  • Bogotá: Veolia, in conjunction with three other operators, runs a 90 km right-of-way bus line called the TransMilenio system used by more than 1,400,000 persons a day.


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Veolia Transport | Public transportation and freight services".
  4. ^ SNCF and Eurotunnel acquire Veolia Cargo via
  5. ^ Merger of Veolia Transport and Transdev
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ Final tender from CT Plus to run Jersey's buses approved BBC News 10 July 2012
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ SRA Confirms Transfer from Connex to South Eastern Trains Strategic Rail Authority 8 November 2003
  16. ^ Rail authority takes on franchise BBC News 8 November 2003
  17. ^ Connex loses rail franchise, BBC News" 24 October 2000.
  18. ^
  19. ^ Blazefield expands with York deal 4 June 2008
  20. ^ French firm to fully own tramway
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^ Not afraid to make money in Israel, Haaretz
  25. ^
  26. ^ National Express sells buses The Age (Melbourne) 22 September 2004
  27. ^ Connex pursues further development in Australia Connex press release 7 September 2004
  28. ^ [1]"New train, tram operators for Melbourne" The Age 25 June 2009
  29. ^ Connex acquires Brisbane and Perth companies Australasian Bus & Coach
  30. ^ Transdev NSW Australian Bus Fleet Lists
  31. ^ Stock Exchange Announcement Australian Infrastructure Fund 11 August 1998
  32. ^ Veolia Transportation: about us
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^ "Feds investigating Austin's Capital MetroRail incident"
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^ (subscription required)

External links

  • Veolia Environnement
  • Veolia Transport Czech Republic
  • Veolia Verkehr, Germany
  • Connex Jersey
  • Veolia Transport Sweden
  • Veolia Transport NSW (Australia)
  • Veolia Auckland (New Zealand)
  • Veolia Ireland (VeoliaTransport Ireland)
  • Veolia Israel (Israel)
  • ATC-NEC (merger)
  • Veolia Transportation (North America)
  • Veolia Transport (United Kingdom)
  • Veolia Transport Nederland (Netherlands)
  • Doubts persist over Veolia’s financial health
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