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Wimereux

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Title: Wimereux  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, Listenable Records, John McCrae, A16 autoroute, Kent/On this Day/March 27
Collection: Communes of Pas-De-Calais, Seaside Resorts in France
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Wimereux

Wimereux
Coat of arms of Wimereux
Coat of arms
Wimereux is located in France
Wimereux
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Boulogne-sur-Mer
Canton Boulogne-sur-Mer-Nord-Ouest
Intercommunality Communauté d'agglomération du Boulonnais
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Francis Ruelle
Area1 7.71 km2 (2.98 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 7,583
 • Density 980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62893 / 62930
Elevation 0–71 m (0–233 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Wimereux is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Places of interest 3
  • People 4
  • Twin towns 5
  • Gallery 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Geography

Wimereux is a coastal town situated some 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north of Boulogne, at the junction of the D233 and the D940 roads, on the banks of the river Wimereux. The river Slack forms the northern boundary of the commune, the English Channel the western. Farming and tourism are its principal activities.

History

At Pointe-aux-Oies, dolmen can still be seen at a Stone Age prehistoric site.

Vauban built a coastal fort at the mouth of the river Wimereux, the ruins showed at low-tide until the 1940s. Napoleon ordered a port to be built here between 1803 and 1804, taking its name from the river. In 1840, the future Napoleon III, first president (and last monarch) of France, landed at Pointe aux Oies.

The territory of Wimereux originally belonged to the commune of Wimille, from which it separated on May 28, 1899. In the same year, the first radio link between France and England was established at Wimereux in April by Guglielmo Marconi and Édouard Branly.

In the First World War, Boulogne and Wimereux formed an important hospital centre and until June 1918, the medical units used Wimereux communal cemetery for burials. Lady Hadfield set up and ran a Red Cross hospital here at her own expense for the treatment of wounded and sick servicemen.[1]

Wimereux was the headquarters of the Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps and In 1916, Solomon J Solomon set up a Royal Engineers establishment, the Special Works Park, in a disused feldspar factory. Here were developed new military camouflage techniques and equipment for the British Army.[2] In 1919 it became the General Headquarters of the British Army.

During the Second World War, German Naval Headquarters were situated on the northern side of the town. After D-Day, as Allied forces moved northwards, the town was shelled from Cap Gris Nez, and was re-taken by the Canadian 1st Army on 22 September 1944.

The seaside development was started during the Second Empire, resulting in a remarkable architectural ensemble of houses and buildings typical of the Belle Époque, which are still very well maintained to this day. Originally the secondary residence of wealthy families of Lille and Paris, Wimereux has become a residential suburb of Boulogne andalso attracts Britons and Belgians who come to buy holiday homes or settle permanently.

Places of interest

  • The church of the Immaculate Conception, dating from the twentieth century.
  • The nineteenth century chapel of Notre-Dame.
  • The Villa ‘Les Mauriciens’
  • The Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery.
  • A golf course.

People

Twin towns

Wimereux is twinned with the following cities:

Gallery

See also

References

  • INSEE commune file
  1. ^ "Lady Hadfield, Obituary". The Times. 8 November 1949. 
  2. ^  

External links

  • Official town website (French only)
  • Official Tourist website
  • Official website: Tourism in Boulogne and the Boulonnais region
  • Wimereux - Unofficial website
  • The CWGC cemetery
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