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Title: Østfold  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of members of the Parliament of Norway, 2005–09, Counties of Norway, Norway, Ranked list of Norwegian counties, List of Norwegian fjords
Collection: Counties of Norway, Østfold
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Østfold fylke
Coat of arms of Østfold fylke
Coat of arms
Østfold within Norway
Østfold within Norway
Country Norway
County Østfold
Region Østlandet
County ID NO-01
Administrative centre Sarpsborg
 • Governor Anne Enger
 • County mayor Ole Haabeth
 • Total 4,180.7 km2 (1,614.2 sq mi)
 • Land 3,887 km2 (1,501 sq mi)
Area rank #17 in Norway, 1.28% of Norway's land area
Population (2014)
 • Total 284.962
 • Rank 6 (5.61% of country)
 • Density 68.2/km2 (177/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 7.5 %
Demonym(s) Østfolding
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Official language form Bokmål
Income (per capita) 138,600 NOK
GDP (per capita) 200,084 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank 8 (3.30% of country)
Data from Statistics Norway
Religion in Østfold[2][3]
religion percent

Østfold   ( ) is a Sarpsborg.

Many manufacturing facilities are situated here, such as the world's most advanced Moss (Moss Verft) and Fredrikstad have shipyards. There are granite mines in Østfold and stone from these were used by Gustav Vigeland.

The county slogan is "The heartland of Scandinavia". The local dialect is characterized by its geographical proximity to Sweden.


  • The name 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
  • Demography 4
  • Transport and infrastructure 5
  • Municipalities 6
  • Coat of arms 7
  • Notable people 8
  • External links 9
  • References 10

The name

The old name of the Danish rule, the Danish king divided the area into many baronies. These were merged into one county (amt) in 1662 - and it was then named Smaalenenes Amt 'the amt consisting of small len'. The name was changed back to Østfold in 1919.


Østfold is among the nation's oldest inhabited regions, with petroglyphs (rock drawings) and burial mounds throughout the area.

In the Viking Age, the area was part of Vingulmark, which in turn was part of Viken and included Båhuslen. It was partly under Swedish rule until the time of Harald Fairhair.

Later, when Norway was under Danish rule, the Danish king divided the area into many baronies. The barony of Heggen og Frøland, consisting of the municipalities Askim, Eidsberg and Trøgstad, originally belonged to Akershus - but it was transferred to Østfold in 1768.


Østfold sits between the Oslo Fjord and Sweden. It is dominated by flat landscape with a lot of woodland in the north and along the Swedish border, a major lake system in the central part, and densely populated lowland area along the coast, with a relatively large archipelago.

Norway’s longest river, the Glomma, flows through the county and out into the Oslo Fjord in Fredrikstad.


Most of the county's population is located in the coastal area. The cities of Fredrikstad and Halden are situated here, along with some relatively highly populated rural municipalities. Including these coastal cities, Østfold also has another two cities, Askim and Mysen.

Transport and infrastructure

Østfold is located strategically between Oslo and Sweden. The main highway Moss Airport in Rygge - is the only public airport in the county. Ryanair is the main company supplying this airport with international flights. The airport serves as an addition to Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, with a population of more than 2 million people within two hours distance.


Østfold has a total of 18 Municipalities:

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is from modern times (1958). The lines represent sunrays at sunrise in the east. (See above under the name.) They also represent the worship of the Sun in the Bronze Age (depicted in several rock carvings found in the county).

Notable people

External links

  • Østfold fylke website (in Norwegian and English)
  • Statistics and basic interpretation regarding Østfold (in Norwegian)
  • Excavation of longhouse from the Roman Iron Age


  1. ^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
  2. ^ Statistics Norway - Church of Norway.
  3. ^ Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010

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