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15th Congress

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15th Congress

15th United States Congress

Brick Capitol, later used as a Civil War prison (about 1861)

Duration: March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1819

Senate President: Daniel D. Tompkins
Senate Pres. pro tem: James Barbour
House Speaker: Henry Clay
Members: 42 Senators
185 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1817 – March 6, 1817
1st: December 1, 1817 – April 20, 1818
2nd: November 16, 1818 – March 3, 1819
<14th 16th>

The Fifteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in the Old Brick Capitol in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1817 to March 4, 1819, during the first two years of James Monroe's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events

Major legislation

  • April 4, 1818: 415

Treaties

States admitted and territories created

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

During this congress, two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Mississippi and Illinois. Template:USCongress Party summary

House of Representatives

During this congress, one House seat was added for each of the new states of Mississippi and Illinois. Template:USCongress Party summary

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives


Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1820; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1822; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1818.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate

|- | New Hampshire
(3) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Jeremiah Mason (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 16, 1817 | style="background:#AACC99" | Clement Storer (DR) | Seated June 27, 1817 |- | Vermont
(3) | style="background:#AACC99" | Dudley Chase (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 3, 1817 to become Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court | style="background:#AACC99" | James Fisk (DR) | Seated November 4, 1817 |- | Louisiana
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | William C. C. Claiborne (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died November 23, 1817 | style="background:#AACC99" | Henry Johnson (DR) | Seated January 12, 1818 |- | Mississippi
(1) | rowspan=2 | New seats | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Mississippi was admitted to the Union on December 10, 1817 | style="background:#AACC99" | Walter Leake (DR) | rowspan=2 | Installed December 10, 1817 |- | Mississippi
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | Thomas H. Williams (DR) |- | Vermont
(3) | style="background:#AACC99" | James Fisk (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 8, 1818 to become Vermont Collector of Customs | style="background:#AACC99" | William A. Palmer (DR) | Seated October 20, 1818 |- | Tennessee
(1) | style="background:#AACC99" | George W. Campbell (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 20, 1818 to become Ambassador to Russia | style="background:#AACC99" | John Eaton (DR) | Seated September 5, 1818 |- | Massachusetts
(1) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Eli P. Ashmun (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 10, 1818 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Prentiss Mellen (F) | Seated June 5, 1818 |- | Georgia
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | George Troup (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 23, 1818 to run for Governor of Georgia | style="background:#AACC99" | John Forsyth (DR) | Seated November 23, 1818 |- | Illinois
(2) | rowspan=2 | New seats | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818 | style="background:#AACC99" | Jesse B. Thomas (DR) | rowspan=2 | Installed December 3, 1818 |- | Illinois
(3) | style="background:#AACC99" | Ninian Edwards (DR) |- | Georgia
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | John Forsyth (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 17, 1819 to become United States Minister to Spain | colspan=2 rowspan=2 | Not filled until next Congress |- | Kentucky
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | John J. Crittenden (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 3, 1819 at end of term |}

House of Representatives

Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep

|- | nowrap | New York
4th
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep.-elect Henry B. Lee died before this Congress began | style="background:#AACC99" | James Tallmadge, Jr. (DR) | Seated June 6, 1817 |- | Missouri Territory
At-large
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Seat remained vacant from March 4, 1817 to August 4, 1817 | John Scott | Seated August 4, 1817 |- | Pennsylvania
10th
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep.-elect David Scott resigned before this Congress began | style="background:#AACC99" | John Murray (DR) | Seated October 14, 1817 |- | North Carolina
7th
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rep.-elect Alexander McMillan died before this Congress began | style="background:#AACC99" | James Stewart (DR) | Seated January 5, 1818 |- | South Carolina
6th
| style="background:#AACC99" | John C. Calhoun (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 3, 1817 after being appointed United States Secretary of War | style="background:#AACC99" | Eldred Simkins (DR) | Seated January 24, 1818 |- | nowrap | Mississippi Territory
At-large
| rowspan=2 | Vacant | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" |Seat remained vacant until Mississippi was admitted to the Union December 10, 1817 | rowspan=2 style="background:#AACC99" | George Poindexter (DR) | rowspan=2 | Seated December 10, 1817 |- | Mississippi
At-large
|- | Connecticut
At-large
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Uriel Holmes (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in 1818 | style="background:#AACC99" | Sylvester Gilbert (DR) | Seated November 16, 1818 |- | North Carolina
11th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Daniel Forney (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned sometime in 1818 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | William Davidson (F) | Seated December 2, 1818 |- | Alabama Territory
At-large
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | The first delegate from this new territory was not seated until January 29, 1818. | John Crowell | Seated January 29, 1818 |- | Massachusetts
20th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Albion K. Parris (DR | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 3, 1818 | style="background:#AACC99" | Enoch Lincoln (DR) | Seated November 4, 1818 |- | Virginia
19th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Peterson Goodwyn (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 21, 1818 | style="background:#AACC99" | John Pegram (DR) | Seated April 21, 1818 |- | Pennsylvania
6th
| style="background:#AACC99" | John Ross (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 24, 1818 to become President Judge of Pennsylvania's 7th Judicial Circuit | style="background:#AACC99" | Thomas J. Rogers (DR) | Seated March 3, 1818 |- | Louisiana
At-large
| style="background:#AACC99" | Thomas B. Robertson (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 20, 1818 | style="background:#AACC99" | Thomas Butler (DR) | Seated November 16, 1818 |- | Pennsylvania
4th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Jacob Spangler (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 20, 1818 | style="background:#AACC99" | Jacob Hostetter (DR) | Seated November 16, 1818 |- | Pennsylvania
6th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Samuel D. Ingham (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 6, 1818 | style="background:#AACC99" | Samuel Moore (DR) | Seated October 13, 1818 |- | Georgia
At-large
| style="background:#AACC99" | John Forsyth (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 23, 1818 after being elected to the U.S. Senate | style="background:#AACC99" | Robert R. Reid (DR) | Seated February 18, 1819 |- | Illinois Territory
At-large
| rowspan=2 | Nathaniel Pope | rowspan=2 style="font-size:80%" | Pope's term ended November 30, 1818, and the seat remained vacant until Illinois was admitted to the Union December 3, 1818 | rowspan=2 style="background:#AACC99" | John McLean (DR) | rowspan=2 | Seated December 3, 1818 |- | Illinois
At-large
|- | North Carolina
10th
| style="background:#AACC99" | George Mumford (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 31, 1818 | style="background:#AACC99" | Charles Fisher (DR) | Seated February 11, 1819 |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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