World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

16th century in Canada

Article Id: WHEBN0000485898
Reproduction Date:

Title: 16th century in Canada  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Timeline of Canadian history, History of Canada, List of years in Canada, 1614 in Quebec, 1617 in Quebec
Collection: 16Th Century in Canada, Centuries in Canada
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

16th century in Canada

Events from the 16th century in Canada.

Events

  • c. 1500: European diseases begin killing native North Americans, who have no immunity to them.
  • 1523-24: Giovanni da Verrazzano, sailing for France, explores the Atlantic coast, encountering Wampanoag, Narragansett, and Delaware Indians.
  • c. 1530-50: The French explorer Jacques Cartier sails up the St. Lawrence River, claiming the land for France. His failure to find a northwest passage - or gold, as the Spanish had in Peru - discourages further exploration. France was also too preoccupied with domestic religious wars to make any substantial commitment. The discovery of Canada was important, however, to English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese fishing fleets, all of which regularly fish the Grand Banks off the coast of Newfoundland.
  • 1534-41: Jacques Cartier of France explores the St. Lawrence River area in three voyages, making contact with Iroquoian speaking tribes.
  • 1534: French explorer Jacques Cartier visits the Strait of Belle Isle (Newfoundland), enters and charts Gulf of St. Lawrence River, landing in Gaspé, July 14. His ship becomes icebound, men suffering from scurvy aided by Iroquoian native, who feed them vitamin C in boiled spruce. He takes two Iroquoians with him back to France.
  • 1541: Jacques Cartier and Sieur de Roberval attempt to colonize Quebec, founding the first French settlement in America, Charlesbourg-Royal, at the mouth of the Cap Rouge River.
  • 1542: Charlesbourg-Royal is abandoned. Cartier meets the sieur de Roberval, who was officially part of the same expedition, in Newfoundland.
  • 1564-65: Rene de Laudonniere heads French colony on St. Johns River in Florida until expelled by Spanish. French artist Jacques le Moyne paints first known European depiction of Indians.
  • c. 1575: Martin Frobisher continues the fruitless search for a passage to Asia.
  • 1576-78: Martin Frobisher, seeking a Northwest Passage to the Pacific, encounters various Inuit.
  • 1585: Sir Walter Raleigh founds colony on Roanoke Island in what will become Virginia.
  • 1588: English fishing fleet delays sailing to Newfoundland to participate in the defeat of Spanish Armada.
  • 1591: Gov. John White returns to the colony on Roanoke Island from a trip to England to find that the colonists have vanished.

Further reading

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.