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Title: 1709  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1639, August 8, 1640, 1647, December 1
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 17th century18th century19th century
Decades: 1670s  1680s  1690s  – 1700s –  1710s  1720s  1730s
Years: 1706 1707 170817091710 1711 1712
1709 by topic:
Arts and Sciences
ArchaeologyArchitectureArtLiterature (Poetry) – MusicScience
CanadaGreat BritainScotland
Lists of leaders
Colonial governorsState leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works category
1709 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1709
Ab urbe condita 2462
Armenian calendar 1158
Assyrian calendar 6459
Bahá'í calendar −135 – −134
Bengali calendar 1116
Berber calendar 2659
British Regnal year Ann. 1 – 8 Ann. 1
Buddhist calendar 2253
Burmese calendar 1071
Byzantine calendar 7217–7218
Chinese calendar 戊子(Earth Rat)
4405 or 4345
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4406 or 4346
Coptic calendar 1425–1426
Discordian calendar 2875
Ethiopian calendar 1701–1702
Hebrew calendar 5469–5470
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1765–1766
 - Shaka Samvat 1631–1632
 - Kali Yuga 4810–4811
Holocene calendar 11709
Igbo calendar 709–710
Iranian calendar 1087–1088
Islamic calendar 1120–1121
Japanese calendar Hōei 6
Juche calendar N/A
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4042
Minguo calendar 203 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 2252

Year 1709 (MDCCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar. In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.




Date unknown




  1. ^ Pain, Stephanie. "1709: The year that Europe froze." New Scientist, 7 February 2009.
  2. ^ Mott, R. A. (5 January 1957). "The earliest use of coke for ironmaking". The Gas World, coking section supplement 145: 7–18. 
  3. ^ Raistrick, Arthur (1953). Dynasty of Ironfounders: the Darbys and Coalbrookdale. London: Longmans, Green. p. 34. 
  4. ^ a b c Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 292.  
  5. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006.  
  6. ^ Ober, Frederick A. (1912). Our West Indian Neighbors: the Islands of the Caribbean Sea. New York: James Pott & Company. p. 11. 
  7. ^ Jackson, Michael H. (1993). Galapagos: a Natural History. University of Calgary Press.  
  8. ^ Gardiner, Juliet; Wenborn, Neil (ed.) (1995). The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. p. 577.  
  9. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 207–208.  
  10. ^ Majdalany, Fred (1959). The Red Rocks of Eddystone. London: Longmans. p. 86. 
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