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1985 In Aviation

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Title: 1985 In Aviation  
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1985 In Aviation

Years in aviation: 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s
Years: 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1985. It remains one of the deadliest years in aviation history for aviation disasters, including the crash of Japan Airlines Flight 123, bombing of Air India Flight 182, crash of Arrow Air Flight 1285, crash of Aeroflot Flight 7425, crash of Iberia Airlines Flight 610, Delta Air Lines Flight 191, Galaxy Airlines Flight 203, and British Airtours Flight 28M, a mid-air collision between Aeroflot Flight 8381 and a Soviet Air Forces transport aircraft, the hijacking of Egyptair Flight 648, and various crashes and other incidents with under 50 fatalities. August 1985 remains the worst single month for commercial aviation fatalities in history.

Contents

  • Events 1
    • January 1.1
    • February 1.2
    • March 1.3
    • April 1.4
    • May 1.5
    • June 1.6
    • July 1.7
    • August 1.8
    • September 1.9
    • October 1.10
    • November 1.11
    • December 1.12
  • First flights 2
    • February 2.1
    • March 2.2
    • July 2.3
    • August 2.4
    • October 2.5
    • December 2.6
  • Entered service 3
  • References 4

Events

  • Ryanair founded initially as a full-service carrier.

January

February

March

  • In the Iran-Iraq War, Iraqi Air Force aircraft carry out 158 sorties against Iranian cities over a three-day period.[6]
  • March 1 - the Boy Scouts of America officially ended powered aircraft flight in its Aviation Exploring program, citing difficulties with maintaining insurance coverage in the event of an aircraft accident. 450 Explorer Posts and over 10,000 Explorer Scouts were affected.
  • March 4 – The Iraqi Air Force conducts its first raid against the Iranian nuclear reactor under construction at Bushehr.[7]
  • March 10–11 – Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force aircraft conduct the first air raid against Baghdad in months. The Iraqi Air Force retaliates with a raid on Tehran.[8]
  • March 15 – American Eagle Airlines, a commuter subsidiary of American Airlines, begins service.
  • March 11–18 – A fully committed Iraqi Air Force flies 150 to 200 sorties a day as Iraq turns back an Iranian offensive out of the Hawizeh Marshes.[8]
  • March 19–23 – Iraqi strike aircraft and helicopters join artillery in employing mustard gas to halt an Iranian offensive in the Majnoon area.[9]
  • March 31 – Iraq claims to have hit about 30 ships in air attacks in the Persian Gulf since January 1, while Iran has hit seven over the same time period. Some estimates place the number of Iraqi attacks since March 1984 at 65 and Iranian attacks over the same period at 25.[10]

April

May

June

July

August

August 1985 remains commercial aviation‍ '​s deadliest month for passengers and crew (a distinction from the non-passenger fatalities of the September 11, 2001 attacks) in history.

September

October

November

December

  • December 12 – Arrow Air Flight 1285, a chartered McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63CF, crashes shortly after takeoff from Gander, Newfoundland (now Newfoundland and Labrador), while taking 248 soldiers of the United States Army‍ '​s 101st Airborne Division from West Germany to the United States for Christmas, killing all 256 people on board.
  • December 19 – Yakutsk United Air Group Flight 101/435 was hijacked by the co-pilot Shamil Alimuradov in the Soviet Union and landed in China. Alimuradov was apprehended by the Chinese upon landing, while passengers returned safely to the Soviet Union.[22]
  • December 27 – Using [23]
  • December 31
    • The Iraqi Air Force claims to have flown 20,011 sorties against Iran, to have made 77 destructive hits on the Iranian oil terminal at Kharg Island, and to have hit 124 "hostile maritime targets" in the Persian Gulf; Iraq will declare 1985 "The Year of the Pilot." Some reports indicate that Iran has carried out a total of 60 air raids against Kharg Island, and the Iraqi Air Force has attacked more than 200 ships in the Persian Gulf since beginning such attacks in May 1981, with over 150 of those attacks occurring since March 1985.[24] Iraq claims to have bombed Tehran 30 times during 1985.[25]
    • During 1985, Iraq has made 33 air attacks against shipping in the Persian Gulf, one using bombs and the remainder using air-to-surface missiles, while Iran has conducted 10 air attacks against Persian Gulf shipping. The total of Iraqi air attacks against Persian Gulf shipping since 1984 has reached 68, one using bombs and the rest air-to-surface missiles, while Iran's total since 1984 has reached 28.[26]
    • American singer-songwriter and actor Ricky Nelson and six others die in the crash of a Douglas DC-3 near DeKalb, Texas.

First flights

February

March

July

August

October

December

Entered service

December

References

  1. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 217.
  2. ^ "38 killed in crash at airport".  
  3. ^ TWA History Timeline
  4. ^ globalsecurity.org ETOPS: Extended Range Operation with Two-Engine Airplanes
  5. ^ "Accident description".  
  6. ^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 206.
  7. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 521.
  8. ^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 202.
  9. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 203.
  10. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 205.
  11. ^ Polmar, Norman, "Stars of David and Red Stars," Naval History, February 2013, p. 12.
  12. ^ Polmar, Norman, "Stars of David and Red Stars," Naval History, February 2013, p. 13.
  13. ^ USA TodayAccount of incident from .
  14. ^ Stevens, William K. (14 May 1983). "Police Drop Bomb on Radicals' Home in Philadelphia". New York Times. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  15. ^ Frank Trippett (May 27, 1985). "It Looks Just Like a War Zone".  
  16. ^ a b c Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 209.
  17. ^ a b c d Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 211.
  18. ^ , February 2009.Air Force MagazineGrier, Peter, "The Flying Tomato Can,"
  19. ^ a b Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 211-212.
  20. ^ Gardiner, Robert, Conway‍ '​s All the World‍ '​s Fighting Ships 1947-1982, Part One: The Western Powers, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1983, ISBN 0-87021-918-9, p. 66.
  21. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 212.
  22. ^ "Passengers, Crew in Soviet Hijacking All Safe".  
  23. ^ Anonymous, "Today in History," The Washington Post Express, December 27, 2012, p. 22.
  24. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 211, 212.
  25. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, p. 279.
  26. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H., and Abraham R. Wagner, The Lessons of Modern War, Volume II: The Iran-Iraq War, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1990, ISBN 0-8133-1330-9, pp. 339.
  27. ^ "T-46A is flown". Flight International 26 October 1985, p. 8.
  28. ^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 23.
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