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2008 Rugby League World Cup

2008 (2008) World Cup  ()
2008 World Cup logo
Number of teams 10
Host country  Australia
Winner  New Zealand (1st title)

Matches played 18
Attendance 293,965 (16,331 per match)
Points scored 890 (49.44 per match)
Top scorer Johnathan Thurston[1] (50)
Top try scorer Billy Slater[2] (7)
 < 2000

The 2008 Rugby League World Cup was the thirteenth staging of the Rugby League World Cup since its inauguration in 1954, and the first since the 2000 tournament.[3] The tournament was held in Australia from 26 October, culminating in the final between Australia and New Zealand on 22 November.

2008 was the fourth time that the World Cup was held in Australia, the first being in 1957. The tournament was won by New Zealand, who defeated Australia 34–20 in the final in one of the greatest upsets in the history of the sport. The tournament featured the best ten teams around the globe which were split into three groups. A total of eighteen matches took place in twelve different venues across four Australian states. The tournament ended a year of celebrations commemorating the centenary of the game in the southern hemisphere and was part of the Festival of World Cups.

The thirteenth Cup was scheduled to be held in Australia in 2004,[4] however the lack of international success by Great Britain and New Zealand after the 2000 World Cup and the rise of the Tri-Nations tournament meant that it was delayed for a further four years.[5] The Rugby League International Federation officially announced this tournament on 6 May 2006,[6] with further details on scheduling and dates following on 19 April 2007.[7]

The first match took place in Townsville between England and Papua New Guinea, although the official opening ceremony of the competition occurred before the Australia and New Zealand match the following day in Sydney.[8] The final took place at Suncorp Stadium in Brisbane.

The tournament proved a commercial success, delivering a profit of A$5 million and re-establishing the credibility of the competition.[9]


  • Format 1
    • Draw 1.1
    • Points 1.2
    • Ranking matches 1.3
  • Teams 2
    • Qualification 2.1
  • Match officials 3
    • Pink charity shirts 3.1
  • Venues 4
  • Opening ceremony 5
  • Group stage 6
    • Group A 6.1
    • Group B 6.2
    • Group C 6.3
  • Knockout stage 7
    • 7th-place playoff 7.1
    • 9th-place playoff 7.2
    • Semi-final qualifier 7.3
    • Semi-finals 7.4
  • Final 8
  • Criticism and controversy 9
  • Tickets 10
  • Sponsorship 11
  • "Heroes Here 08" campaign 12
  • Broadcasting 13
    • Television 13.1
    • Radio 13.2
  • Sources 14
  • References 15
  • External links 16



The draw, after being confirmed by the RLIF on 19 April 2007, involved three groups. The first group was made up of four teams; Australia, England, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea. Whilst the other two groups involved three teams each. The semi finals were made up of the first three teams in the first group and the winner of a playoff between the winners of the second and third groups.

The draw was put into doubt after the Papua New Guinea team claimed that it was unfair to them and threatened to boycott the tournament should it not be changed. Marcus Bai, former Papua New Guinean winger and captain, said:[10]

They have to change it and if they don't, we won't come. We will ring up the other island nations and teams elsewhere who don't qualify and we can have our own competition. They have shown no respect for our country or for our efforts to promote the game up there.

Fortunately for the tournament, this separate island competition did not eventuate. Papua New Guinea still remained upset with the draw, seeing it as a huge challenge but one which would have seen them be rewarded if they had won. The draw was finalised on 4 October 2007.[11]


Teams received 2 points for a win, and 1-point for a draw. This meant that, unlike in the Australasian National Rugby League, there was no "golden point" rule enforced. In group stages, if two teams had the same number of points then positions were determined on points difference, the number of points scored minus the number of points conceded.

Ranking matches

After group matches were completed, a match featuring the second placed teams in Group B and Group C took place with the winner receiving 7th place. Similarly the third placed teams in Group B and Group C played off for 9th place. It was believed that these results were to be taken into account in the 2009 RLIF World Rankings.


Team Nickname Coach Captain RLIF Rank Final Rank
 Australia The Kangaroos Ricky Stuart Darren Lockyer 1 2
 England The Lions Tony Smith Jamie Peacock 3 3
 Fiji The Bati Joe Dakuitoga Wes Naiqama 6 4
 France Les Chanticleers John Monie Jerome Guisset 5 10
 Ireland The Wolfhounds Andy Kelly Scott Grix 9 6
 New Zealand The Kiwis Stephen Kearney Nathan Cayless 2 1
 Papua New Guinea The Kumuls Adrian Lam John Wilshere 7 5
 Samoa Toa Samoa John Ackland Nigel Vagana 12 9
 Scotland The Bravehearts Steve McCormack Danny Brough 11 8
 Tonga Mate Ma'a Tonga Jim Dymock Lopini Paea 4 7


Automatic entry

The following teams were given automatic entry into the World Cup:


  • Pacific Qualifying Group
  • Europe group one
  • Europe group two
  • Repechage Winner

The five remaining places in the World Cup were determined by qualification rounds. Two European rounds and Pacific, Atlantic and Repêchage rounds were scheduled. Tonga and Fiji became the first two nations to qualify after Tonga defeated Samoa 18–10 in Leeds on 22 October, forcing Samoa to enter the repêchage. In the European Group Two, Ireland drew 16–16 with Lebanon to ensure qualification, while Lebanon were forced to enter the repêchage. The final automatic place went to Scotland, who defeated Wales 37–32 on aggregate after two legs. Wales then faced Lebanon in the repêchage semi-final, where they lost in a surprise 50–26 defeat, to knock them out of World Cup Qualifying. Lebanon then faced Samoa, who beat USA 42–10 in the first semi-final, on 14 November for the final qualifying position. The game was won by Samoa, 38–16, and so they booked the tenth and final place.[12] Many qualification matches were broadcast live by Sky Sports in the United Kingdom and New Zealand, whilst BigPondTV broadcast matches online for other fans around the world.[13]

Match officials

Six referees from four countries controlled matches in the tournament. These four nations also provided touch judges while England and Australia provided the video referees.

Pink charity shirts

In support of the Australian National Breast Cancer Foundation referees wore pastel pink shirts while officiating matches to raise awareness. The shirts, which carried the NBCF logo on the collar, were signed by the team captains at each World Cup game and were later auctioned off with the proceeds going to the NBCF.[16]


Lang Park

Docklands Stadium

Sydney Football Stadium
Stadium City State Home teams Capacity
Lang Park (2 games, semi-final and Final) Brisbane Queensland Brisbane Broncos (NRL) 52,500
Robina Stadium (2 games) Gold Coast Queensland Gold Coast Titans (NRL) 27,400
Willows Sports Complex (2 games) Townsville Queensland North Queensland Cowboys (NRL) 26,500
Browne Park (1 game) Rockhampton Queensland Central Comets (Queensland Cup) 8,000
Sydney Football Stadium (2 games, Opening Ceremony & semi-final) Sydney New South Wales Sydney Roosters (NRL) 45,500
Penrith Stadium (2 games) Penrith New South Wales Penrith Panthers (NRL) 21,000
Parramatta Stadium (2 games) Parramatta New South Wales Parramatta Eels (NRL) 21,500
Newcastle International Sports Centre (1 game) Newcastle New South Wales Newcastle Knights (NRL) 26,126
Central Coast Stadium (1 game) Gosford New South Wales Central Coast Storm (NSWRL) 20,059
Wollongong Showground (1 game) Wollongong New South Wales St. George Illawarra Dragons (NRL) 23,750
Canberra Stadium (1 game) Canberra Australian Capital Territory Canberra Raiders (NRL) 25,011
Docklands Stadium (1 game) Melbourne Victoria Melbourne Storm (NRL) 56,347

Opening ceremony

The 2008 World Cup's opening ceremony

On Sunday night, 26 October, the Sydney Football Stadium hosted the Opening Ceremony of the World Cup. It started with Greg Inglis reciting a speech about "Playing Fair". Following Inglis' speech there was an Aboriginal Smoking ceremony to welcome all the athletes and participants. This included a rather large sized Rainbow Serpent which represented the Aboriginal Dreamtime. The last part of the ceremony involved a performance of the Rugby League World Cup anthem "Hero" by Natalie Bassingthwaighte. A curtain raiser to the Australia vs. New Zealand match included an Indigenous Australian squad playing against New Zealand Māori which featured several prominent NRL players and rising stars, including Chris Sandow, Wairangi Koopu, Preston Campbell, Sam Thaiday, Shaun Kenny-Dowall and Carl Webb.

Welcome to the Country Match

As part of the official opening of the World Cup on 26 October, an exhibition game was played between an Aboriginal selection and a New Zealand Māori side.[17]

26 October 2008
Indigenous Dreamtime 34–26  Māori
Try: Wesser (2)
Jensen (2)
Goal: Soward (5)
(report) Try: McKendry
Goal: Goodwin (2)
Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney
Attendance: 34,157
Referee/s: Tony Archer

Group stage

The 2008 Rugby League World Cup's eighteen matches were played during October and November in various locations throughout the East coast of Australia. The tournament's teams were divided into three pool groups. The teams finishing highest amongst those groups progressed to the play-offs.

All teams from group A (shaded in green) with the exception of the bottom qualifying team progressed to the semi-finals, the other two groups the top finisher progressed to a playoff match, in which the winner would qualify to the semi-finals.

Group A

Team Pld W D L PF PA PD Pts
 Australia 3 3 0 0 128 16 112 6
 New Zealand 3 2 0 1 90 60 30 4
 England 3 1 0 2 60 110 -50 2
 Papua New Guinea 3 0 0 3 34 126 -92 0
25 October 2008
England  32–22  Papua New Guinea
Willows Sports Complex, Townsville
Attendance: 10,780[18]
Referee/s: Shayne Hayne (Australia)
Man of the Match: James Roby

England survived a scare from Papua New Guinea who led at half time to win the first match of the tournament.

26 October 2008
Australia  30–6  New Zealand
Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney
Attendance: 34,157[19]
Referee/s: Ashley Klein (England)
Man of the Match: Johnathan Thurston

After the tournament's opening ceremony, Johnathan Thurston inspired Australia to a comfortable victory over their arch rivals New Zealand despite mourning the death of his uncle the previous day.

1 November 2008
New Zealand  48–6  Papua New Guinea
Robina Stadium, Gold Coast
Attendance: 11,278[20]
Referee/s: Steve Ganson (England)
Man of the Match: Adam Blair

New Zealand's thorough ravaging of Papua New Guinea's defence meant the Kumuls had to win against their next opponents Australia to stay in the tournament.

2 November 2008
Australia  52–4  England
Docklands Stadium, Melbourne
Attendance: 36,297[21]
Referee/s: Tony Archer (Australia)

Australia's winning margin over England was the largest of the tournament so far and guaranteed the Kangaroos would go on to the finals.

8 November 2008
England  24–36  New Zealand
Newcastle International Sports Centre, Newcastle
Attendance: 15,145[22]
Referee/s: Tony Archer (Australia)

Despite getting out to a 24 – 8 lead early in the match, England's woes continued as they were blitzed in the second half by New Zealand's five unanswered tries.

9 November 2008
Australia  46–6  Papua New Guinea
Willows Sports Complex, Townsville
Attendance: 16,239[23]
Referee/s: Steve Ganson (England)

Group B

Team Pld W D L PF PA PD Pts
 Fiji 2 1 0 1 58 24 34 2
 Scotland 2 1 0 1 36 50 -16 2
 France 2 1 0 1 42 60 -18 2
26 October 2008
France  36–18  Scotland
Canberra Stadium, Canberra
Attendance: 9,287[24]
Referee/s: Leon Williamson (New Zealand)
1 November 2008
Fiji  42–6  France
Wollongong Showground, Wollongong
Attendance: 9,213[25]
Referee/s: Ashley Klein (England)
5 November 2008
Scotland  18–16  Fiji
Central Coast Stadium, Gosford
Attendance: 9,720[26]
Referee/s: Leon Williamson (New Zealand)

Group C

Team Pld W D L PF PA PD Pts
 Ireland 2 1 0 1 54 38 16 2
 Tonga 2 1 0 1 34 40 -6 2
 Samoa 2 1 0 1 36 46 -10 2
27 October 2008
Tonga  22–20  Ireland
Parramatta Stadium, Sydney
Attendance: 6,165[27]
Referee/s: Steve Ganson (England)
31 October 2008
Samoa  20–12  Tonga
Penrith Stadium, Penrith
Attendance: 11,787[28]
Referee/s: Shayne Hayne (Australia)
5 November 2008
Ireland  34–16  Samoa
Parramatta Stadium, Sydney
Attendance: 8,602[29]
Referee/s: Thierry Alibert (France)

Knockout stage

7th-place playoff

8 November 2008
Tonga  48–0  Scotland
Browne Park, Rockhampton
Attendance: 5,930[30]
Referee/s: Shayne Hayne (Australia)

9th-place playoff

9 November 2008
Samoa  42–10  France
Penrith Stadium, Penrith
Attendance: 8,028[31]
Referee/s: Thierry Alibert (France)
  Semi-final Qualifier Semi-final Final
    New Zealand 32  
      England 22  
      New Zealand 34
    Australia 20
  Australia 52
      Fiji 0  
  Fiji 30
    Ireland 14  

Semi-final qualifier

10 November 2008
Ireland  14–30  Fiji
Robina Stadium, Gold Coast
Attendance: 8,224[32]
Referee/s: Ashley Klein (England)


15 November 2008
England  22–32  New Zealand
Lang Park, Brisbane
Attendance: 26,659[33]
Referee/s: Shayne Hayne (Australia)
16 November 2008
Australia  52–0  Fiji
Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney
Attendance: 15,855[34]
Referee/s: Ashley Klein (England)


22 November 2008
19:00 AEST
Australia  20–34  New Zealand
Lockyer (12', 35') 2
Williams (17') 1
Inglis (65') 1
Thurston (18', 36') 2/4
Report Tries:
2 (49', 70' pen) Hohaia
1 (24') J Smith
1 (28') Ropati
1 (61') Marshall
1 (76') Blair
3/3 (25', 28', 50') Luke
2/3 (71', 77') Marshall
Lang Park, Brisbane
Attendance: 50,599[35]
Referee/s: Ashley Klein (England)
Man of the Match: Darren Lockyer (Australia)

Criticism and controversy

Due to the generally poor response of the 2000 World Cup, there were several key criticisms of the tournament before any matches had kicked off.[36] The RLIF were forced to defend the credibility of the tournament in October 2007 after New Zealand, one of the favourites for the competition, were heavily beaten in a Test match 58–0 in Wellington against Australia.[37] Another concern was whether there would be enough competitiveness throughout the ten teams, with some fans worried about the possibility of too many one-sided matches,[38] which was a common sight in the Group Stages of the 2000 tournament.[39]

  • Official Website
  • Official Forum
  • 2008 World Cup at
  • 2008 World Cup at

External links

  1. ^ Top point scorer
  2. ^ Top try scorers
  3. ^ "Rugby League World Cup 2008 Past Winners". Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  4. ^ "McDonald defends World Cup". London: BBC. 22 November 2000. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  5. ^ John Whalley Last Updated: 6:37PM GMT 31 December 2003 (1 January 2004). "Lewis backs Australia for World Cup – Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  6. ^ Rugby League European Federation – Rugby League News Archive Archived 22 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Rugby League World Cup 2008 Official Web Site". Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  8. ^ "Rugby League World Cup 2008". Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  9. ^ McDonald, Margie (21 November 2008). "Four Nations heads global calendar". The Australian. Retrieved 11 October 2010. 
  10. ^ Papua New Guinea Threaten Boycott
  11. ^ "RLWC08 – Schedule Finalised". NRL. 4 October 2007. Retrieved 4 October 2007. 
  12. ^ "Samoa beats Lebanon to be last team in league world cup". Australian Associated Press. 14 November 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2009. 
  13. ^ ARL – Tickets On Sale
  14. ^ Ricketts, Steve (21 October 2008). "England Cup side not afraid of the grapple tackle". Archived from the original on 23 October 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2008. 
  15. ^ "RFL trio head to the Rugby League World Cup". 8 October 2008. Retrieved 23 October 2008. 
  16. ^ "Referees in pink for charity". Rugby League International Federation. 18 July 2008. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2008. 
  17. ^ Indigenous Dreamtime team named @ Official RLWC08 site, 11 October 2008.
  18. ^ "Australian Stadiums :: RLWC: England v PNG". Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  19. ^ "Sporting Life – Rugby League England v New Zealand, Australia v Fiji, World Cup, Super League, Ian Millward Tips, Standings & Stats". Sporting Life. UK. Archived from the original on 19 November 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  20. ^ "New Zealand fly high over PNG – NRL – Fox Sports". Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  21. ^ Read, Brent (2 November 2008). "Livewire Billy Slater kills off rugby league World Cup". The Australian ( Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  22. ^ "Matai hurt as Kiwis run down England – National News – National – Sport – The Canberra Times". The Canberra Times. 9 November 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  23. ^ "Wolfman bags three on debut – Other League – Fox Sports". Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  24. ^ " – The World of Rugby League". Archived from the original on 28 October 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  25. ^ "Fantastic Fiji smash France – Other League – Fox Sports". Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  26. ^ "Scots finally break Cup duck – NRL – Fox Sports". Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  27. ^ Nick Walshaw (27 October 2008). "Tonga claim narrow victory". The Daily Telegraph ( Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  28. ^ "SAMOA WIN ISLAND BATTLE | Sporting Life – Rugby League England v New Zealand, Australia v Fiji, World Cup, Super League, Ian Millward Tips, Standings & Stats". Sporting Life. UK. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  29. ^ "RICHARDS LEADS IRELAND PAST SAMOA | Sporting Life – Rugby League England v New Zealand, Australia v Fiji, World Cup, Super League, Ian Millward Tips, Standings & Stats". Sporting Life. UK. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  30. ^ "Australian Stadiums :: RLWC: Scotland v Tonga". Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  31. ^ Dean Ritchie (9 November 2008). "Samoa, France plea for help". Herald Sun ( Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  32. ^ Koch, Dan (10 November 2008). "Fiji completes rugby league World Cup semis picture". The Australian ( Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  33. ^ Davis, Greg (14 November 2008). "Nathan Fien helps New Zealand into World Cup final". Retrieved 19 November 2008. 
  34. ^ "Rugby League, 16 November". The Courier-Mail. 15 November 2008. Retrieved 19 November 2008. 
  35. ^ "Kiwis re-write rugby league history".  
  36. ^ John-paul moloney and david jean (28 October 2008). "The real deal or a standing joke?". The Canberra Times (Australia). Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  37. ^ Kiwi Pre-WC Criticism
  38. ^ Competitiveness Pre-WC Criticism
  39. ^ 2000 WC Overview
  40. ^ [4]
  41. ^ [5]
  42. ^ "Stuart sorry for World Cup rant". BBC News. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 
  43. ^ Pilbeam Tickets Archived 19 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  44. ^ Ticketek Tickets
  45. ^ World Cup News (5 August 2008). "Samoa name World Cup Squad". League Unlimited. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  46. ^
  47. ^ a b c d e "Media Release: Heroes 08 Campaign Launched". Rugby League International Federation. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  48. ^ "World Cup goes back to its roots – National News – National – Sport – The Canberra Times". The Canberra Times. 24 October 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  49. ^ [6]
  50. ^ Sky Sports Broadcasting Bid
  51. ^ UK Broadcasting
  52. ^ Pacific Broadcasting


  • "World Cup Moved To End of Season", BBC website. Retrieved 4 May 2006.
  • "RLIF Meeting", Rugby League European Federation website. Retrieved 8 May 2006
  • "McDonald defends World Cup", BBC website. Retrieved 6 May 2006.
  • "Lewis backs Australia for World Cup", website. Retrieved 8 May 2006


  • UK – BBC Radio 5 Live and its sister station BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra broadcast selected games.
  • UK – some non-rights holders used Australian freelance reporter Tim Stackpool to report on games for UK broadcasters. An extensive archive can be heard here: RLWC Archive
  • AUS – ABC and 2GB Radio broadcast selected games.
  • NZ – Radio Sport broadcast the Kiwi's games, including the Kiwi's victory in the final.


BigPondTV, an online television station, broadcast all matches live and also repeated matches. This service was available to everyone for free.

The only participating country with no television coverage of the matches was Tonga; the RLIF were hoping to secure a deal before the World Cup started, but this never happened.

Coverage of the competition also extended to countries not taking part. Showtime showed all matches live across the Middle East. G offered coverage of all games in many countries in Africa. Astro showed all matches in Malaysia, and ESPN360 showed all matches in the United States. In Brazil, some matches were broadcast by Bandsports.

Channel 9 broadcast all Group A matches and the Knockout Stage matches in Australia. Fox Sports broadcast all Group B and C matches plus Ranking Stage matches live. In the United Kingdom, Sky Sports broadcast all matches live,[50] meaning that all were shown in the morning and some as early as 06:00 am[51] with highlights being shown on the BBC. Sky Sport showed all games live across New Zealand. Mai TV broadcast all matches live in Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Samoa, Cook Islands and the Solomon Islands.[52] Orange Sport provided coverage of all matches live in France.

The 2008 World Cup had 26 separate television deals taking coverage to 127 countries and generating more than $20 million income.[48] A global television audience of 19.2 million made it the most widely broadcast event in the game's history.[49]



The video also appeared in the video game Rugby League 2: World Cup Edition, which featured a world cup mode based on the event.

The Heroes campaign featured Mark Gasnier (Australia), Roy Asotasi (New Zealand), Rob Burrow (England), Keith Peters (PNG), Waisale Sukanaveita (Fiji), Nigel Vagana (Samoa), Jerome Guisset (France), Lee Paterson (Scotland), Stuart Littler (Ireland) and Lopini Paea (Tonga).[47] Gasnier was later removed from some of the promotional material after he left the sport mid-season and was replaced by Darren Lockyer.

Advertising agency MJW, celebrity photographer Garry Heery and production company Engine worked together to combine the latest digital animation with a dark and determined set that highlighted the passion players feel in representing their country on the international stage.[47]

Filming of visuals for the promotional video began in Leeds during the worldwide ticketing launch for the event in November 2007.[47]

Natalie Bassingthwaighte recorded an "Australian version" of the Mariah Carey song "Hero" which accompanied the "Heroes 08" promotional video and other World Cup advertising. The World Cup Opening Ceremony featured a live performance of the song by Bassingthwaighte.[47]

The World Cup's "Heroes Here 08" promotional campaign was launched at the Sydney Opera House on 6 May 2008.[47] At the launch, Paul Kind, the World Cup Director of Marketing, explained, "Heroes Here 08 underlines that fact that the international game, and particularly this tournament, will bring out the best in every player who takes part. It will create heroes."

Heroes Here 08 strapline
Promotional video scene

"Heroes Here 08" campaign

The Official Sponsors of the Rugby League World Cup 2008 were:[46]


The World Cup Final sold out months in advance.[45]

Tickets for Australian residents went on sale 7 November 2007 and internationally on 18 February.[43] However tickets were not distributed until 3 March. Ticketek were announced as the official ticketing agency for the competition, selling tickets for all matches.[44] Ticketmaster and Pilbeam Theatre were selling tickets to the Telstra Dome and Browne Park matches respectively.


[42] Stuart later apologised for his behaviour and resigned from his post.[41]'s director of match officials, at their hotel. He reportedly abused both officials in front of a number of witnesses, calling Klein a cheat, and behaved in an aggressive and physically intimidating manner.Rugby Football League, the Stuart Cummings, who refereed the final, and Ashley Klein The next morning he had a chance meeting with [40]

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