World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

2013 Tiananmen Square attack

Article Id: WHEBN0040922698
Reproduction Date:

Title: 2013 Tiananmen Square attack  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Xinjiang conflict, July 2009 Ürümqi riots, September 2009 Xinjiang unrest, Ghulja incident, 2014 China–Vietnam border shootout
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

2013 Tiananmen Square attack

2013 Tiananmen Square car attack
The car crashed outside of the Gate of Heavenly Peace on Tiananmen Square
Location Beijing
Date 28 October 2013
Attack type
Car attack (suspected suicide bombing)[1]
Deaths 5 (including three attackers)[1]
Non-fatal injuries
38[1]
Perpetrators East Turkestan Islamic Movement
Motive Extremist Islamic beliefs

On 28 October 2013, a car crashed in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, in what police described as a terrorist suicide attack.[2] Five people died in the incident; three inside the vehicle and two others nearby - one Filipino and the other a Chinese citizen from Guangdong province.[3] Police identified the driver as Usmen Hasan and the two passengers as his wife, Gulkiz Gini, and his mother, Kuwanhan Reyim.[3] Thirty-eight other people were injured.[3]

Chinese police described it as a "major incident"[2] and as the first terrorist attack in Beijing's recent history.[4] The East Turkestan Islamic Movement, or Turkistan Islamic Party, claimed responsibility and warned of future attacks.[5][6]

Incident

A 4x4 vehicle crashed into a crowd and burst into flames near the portrait of Mao Zedong at Tiananmen Square.[2] Three people inside the car were killed as well as two tourists in the square. Thirty-eight people were also injured in the incident.[2] Witnesses at the scene said that the car involved in the incident was beeping at pedestrians.

Investigation

Chinese police later issued a notice to Beijing hotels seeking information about two people from China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.[2] The notice described a vehicle and four Xinjiang number plates.[2] They also instructed hotels to be aware of "suspicious" guests.[7]

The police notice also requested hotels to report all guests who had registered since 1 October and the cars they had driven. The request was issued "In order to prevent the suspects and vehicles from committing more crimes".[8]

The suspects have names of Uyghurs, a Turkic Muslim minority group, and come from their native Xinjiang, a region in which there is ongoing conflict.[2] One suspect is from the town of Lukun in Shanshan County, the location of an incident in which 30 people died in an attack in June. Five suspects were taken into police custody and said they knew Hasan.[3] Three of the suspects, identified as Huseyin Guxur, Yusup Wherniyas and Yusup Ehmet, were convicted of masterminding the attack, and executed in August 2014.[9]

Top Chinese security official Meng Jianzhu said that the East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM) was behind the attacks,[10] but Uighur exile groups and some Western observers disputed the claim.[11] On 24 November 2013, the Turkistan Islamic Party, which is believed to be the same as the ETIM, declared it was responsible for the attack.[5]

Reaction

A BBC camera crew was briefly detained by police after taking footage of the attack, and photographs on Chinese social media of the incident were quickly deleted, and comments censored.[2] Coverage in the Chinese state media has largely downplayed the incident with only brief reports.[12] Although details were given in English-language media, Chinese-language publications did not link the incident to Xinjiang.[7] Chinese internet users have also reposted and spread photographs of the incident.[8]

Six days after the attack, General Peng Yong, commander of the Xinjiang Military District, was removed from the Regional Party Standing Committee, the Communist Party governing body in Xinjiang, and replaced by Liu Lei, political commissar of the Xinjiang MD.[11]

The United States State Department spokesperson Jen Psaki said America supported China's investigation into the matter, but declined to call it a terrorist attack and reiterated American support for Uighur human rights.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h
  3. ^ a b c d
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b Islamist group claims responsibility for attack on China's Tiananmen Square.
  6. ^ Turkestan Islamic Party Islamist group warns of more attacks such as Tiananmen
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.