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2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference

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2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference

United Nations Climate Change Conference
Date 30 November 2015 (2015-11-30)
11 December 2015 (2015-12-11)
Location Paris, France
Also known as COP 21/CMP 11
Participants UNFCCC member countries
Website Venue site
UNFCCC site

The 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP 21 or CMP 11 will be held in Paris,[1] from November 30 to December 11.[2] It will be the 21st yearly session of the Conference of the Parties to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th session of the Meeting of the Parties to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.[3] The conference objective is to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, from all the nations of the world. Leadership of the negotiations is yet to be determined.

Background

Shows the top 40 CO2 emitting countries and related in the world in 1990 and 2013, including per capita figures. The data is taken from the EU Edgar database.

According to the organizing committee, the objective of the 2015 conference is to achieve, for the first time in over 20 years of UN negotiations, a binding and universal agreement on climate, from all the nations of the world.[2]

Pope Francis published an encyclical called Laudato si' intended, in part, to influence the conference. The encyclical calls for action against human-caused climate change. The International Trade Union Confederation has called for the goal to be "zero carbon, zero poverty", and the general secretary Sharan Burrow has repeated that there are "no jobs on a dead planet".

Location and participation

The location of UNFCCC talks are rotated by regions throughout United Nations countries. The 2015 conference will be held at Le Bourget from November 30 to December 11, 2015.[4]

Negotiations

The overarching goal of the Convention is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit the global temperature increase to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels.[5] However, Christiana Figueres acknowledged in the closing briefing at the 2012 Doha conference "the current pledges under the second commitment period of the Kyoto protocol are clearly not enough to guarantee that the temperature will stay below 2 °C and there is an ever increasing gap between the action of countries and what the science tells us."

During previous climate negotiations, countries agreed to outline actions they intend to take within a global agreement by March 2015. These commitments are known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions or INDCs.[6]

Financing

The conference was budgeted to cost €170m (£122m). The French government said that 20% of the cost will be borne by firms such as EDF,Engie (formerly known as GDF Suez), Air France, Renault-Nissan, BNP Paribas and the French foreign minister.[7]

See also

External links

  • Official French website
  • Official UN website

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ http://www.wri.org/indc-definition
  7. ^
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