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2nd Nepalese Constituent Assembly

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Title: 2nd Nepalese Constituent Assembly  
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Subject: Nepalese Constituent Assembly election, 2013, Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Constitutional law, Government of Nepal, Federal Socialist Party
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2nd Nepalese Constituent Assembly

Constituent Assembly of Nepal
Coat of arms or logo
Seats 601
2nd Nepalese Constituent Assembly
Political groups

Government (371)

Opposition (204)

Others (26)

  •      Nominated (26)
Last election
Nepalese Constituent Assembly election, 2013
Next election

The 2nd Nepalese Constituent Assembly is a unicameral body of 601 members tasked with drafting a new constitution for Nepal.[1] It also serves as the country's parliament. It was formed as the result of the 2013 Constituent Assembly elections after the failure of the first Constituent Assembly to pass a new constitution.[2]


Former Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa, the oldest member of the house, assumed chairmanship of the CA on January 20, 2014[3] and administered the oath of office to 565 lawmakers at the first meeting of the assembly on January 21, 2014.[4] Leaders of the NC, CPN-UML and UCPN (Maoist) pledged to draft a new constitution within a year.[5] More than 80% of the members are new faces. [6]

Power-sharing discussions

On January 26, 2014, President Ram Baran Yadav called for the election of a Prime Minister and the formation of a consensus government within a week[7] as per article 38(1) of the constitution which provides for the formation of a government through political understanding.[8] The Nepali Congress obtained the support of the CPN-UML for a NC-led consensus government[9] and the two parties also agreed to hold local body elections within six months and adopt a new constitution within a year.[10] An all-party meeting followed at which the CPN-UML, UCPN (Maoist) and MPRF-Loktantrik expressed support for a government under Sushil Koirala. The RRP-N boycotted the meeting.[11] Further discussions were held between the NC, CPN-UML and UCPN (Maoist) at which the Maoists expressed support for the idea of a NC-led government but did not agree to join the government and decided to stay in opposition.[12] On February 2, 2014, the NC abandoned its pursuit of a consensus government under article 38(1) of the constitution after the UCPN (Maoist) and RPP-N, the third and fourth largest parties, decided not to join the government. The party has initiated talks with the CPN-UML to form a majority government under article 38(2) of the constitution[13][14]


A total of thirty political parties and two independents are represented in the second constituent assembly[15]
Party Leader in Parliament Seats
Nepali Congress Sushil Koirala [16] 196
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) KP Sharma Oli [17] 175
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Pushpa Kamal Dahal [18] 80
National Democratic Party Nepal Kamal Thapa [19] 24
Federal Socialist Forum Nepal Ashok Rai 15
Madhesi People's Right Forum, Nepal (Democratic) Bijaya Kumar Gachchhadar 14
National Democratic Party Pashupati Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana 13
Terai-Madesh Democratic Party Sarvendra Nath Shukla 11
Goodwill Party Laxman Lal Karna 6
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist) (2002) CP Mainali 5
Nepal Workers Peasants Party Narayan Man Bijukchhe 4
National People's Front Chitra Bahadur K.C. 3
Communist Party of Nepal (United) Sunil Babu Pant 3
National Madhesh Socialist Party Sarat Singh Bhandari 3
Terai Madhesh Goodwill Party Mahendra Yadav 3
National Liberation Party Shiva Lal Thapa 2
Tharuhat Tarai Party Nepal Gopal Dahit 2
Nepal Family Party Ek Nath Dhakal 2
Dalit Janajati Party Vishwendraman Pashwan 2
Great Nepal Party Kumar Khadka 1
Madeshi People's Right Forum (Republican) Sarita Kumari Yadav 1
Nepali People's Party Hari Charan Sah 1
Khambuwan National Front, Nepal Ram Kumar Rai 1
Nepa National Party Laxman Rajbanshi 1
Public Awareness Party Nepal Lokmani Dhakal 1
Federal Goodwill Party Dimple Kumari Jha 1
Madhesh Parity Party Nepal Meg Raj Nepali (Nishad) 1
Socialist People's Party Prem Bahadur Singh 1
Federal Democratic National Forum (Tharuhat) Rukmini Chaudhary 1
Independents - 2
Nominated - 26


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  8. ^ "Article 38 (1) states, 'The Council of Ministers shall be formed under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, on the basis of political understanding.'... Article 38 (2) states,' Failing to forge an understanding as referred to in clause (1), the Prime Minister shall be elected by a majority of the total number of the then members of the Legislature-Parliament'."
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  10. ^ 'Singh further informed that the discussions between the two parties, held right after the second meeting of Legislature Parliament, culminated with the resolution on holding the local body election within six months and promulgating the constitution within a year. "Both the parties have agreed to hold the local body election within six months," Singh said, "A consensus has also been reached to draft the new constitution within one year."'
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