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37th Canadian Parliament

37th Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – May 23, 2004 (2004-05-23)
Parliament leaders
Rt. Hon. Jean Chrétien
(26th Canadian Ministry)
November 4, 1993 (1993-11-04) – December 12, 2003 (2003-12-12)
Rt. Hon. Paul Martin
(27th Canadian Ministry)
December 12, 2003 (2003-12-12) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Leader of the
Hon. Stockwell Day
September 11, 2000 (2000-09-11) – December 11, 2001 (2001-12-11)
Hon. John_Reynolds (acting)
December 12, 2001 (2001-12-12) – May 20, 2002 (2002-05-20)
Hon. Stephen Harper
May 21, 2002 (2002-05-21) – January 8, 2004 (2004-01-08)
Hon. Grant Hill (acting until February 1, 2004)
January 9, 2004 (2004-01-09) – March 19, 2004 (2004-03-19)
Hon. Stephen Harper
March 20, 2004 (2004-03-20) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Party caucuses
Government Liberal Party
Opposition Canadian Alliance*
Third parties Bloc Québécois
New Democratic Party
Progressive Conservative*
* Parties merged together partway through the Parliament to create the Conservative Party of Canada.
House of Commons

Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Hon. Peter Milliken
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – June 2, 2011 (2011-06-02)
Members 301 seats MP seats
List of members
Senators 105 seats senator seats
List of senators
1st Session
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – September 16, 2002 (2002-09-16)
2nd Session
September 30, 2002 (2002-09-30) – November 12, 2003 (2003-11-12)
3rd Session
February 2, 2004 (2004-02-02) – May 23, 2004 (2004-05-23)
<36th 38th>
Jean Chrétien was Prime Minister during the first three years of the 37th Canadian Parliament.
Paul Martin was Prime Minister during the final year of the 37th Canadian Parliament.

The 37th Canadian Parliament was in session from January 29, 2001, until May 23, 2004. The membership was set by the 2000 federal election on November 27, 2000, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 2004 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority, led first by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and the 26th Canadian Ministry, and then by Prime Minister Paul Martin and the 27th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was formed by first the Canadian Alliance, led by Stockwell Day and then by Stephen Harper, and then by its successor party, the Conservative Party, also led by Harper.

The Speaker was Peter Milliken. See also list of Canadian electoral districts 1996-2003 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were three sessions of the 37th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st January 29, 2001 September 16, 2002
2nd September 30, 2002 November 12, 2003
3rd February 2, 2004 May 23, 2004


  • Party standings 1
  • Bills 2
  • Members 3
  • By-elections 4
  • References 5
  • Succession 6

Party standings

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows:

Affiliation House Members Senate Members
2000 Election
At Dissolution On Election
Day 2000[1]
At Dissolution
     Liberal Party of Canada 172 168 55 65
Alliance 66 N/A 1 N/A
  Bloc Québécois 38 33 0 0
     New Democratic Party 13 14 0 0
Progressive Conservative 12 N/A 35 N/A
  Conservative Party of Canada N/A 72 N/A 24
     Independent 0 10 5 5
Senate Progressive Conservative Caucus N/A 0 N/A 3
Total members 301 297 96 97
Vacant 0 4 9 8
Total seats 301 105


Important bills of the 37th parliament include:


For full lists of members of the 37th Parliament of Canada, see List of House members of the 37th Parliament of Canada and List of senators in the 37th Parliament of Canada.


By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Lévis-et-Chutes-de-la-Chaudière June 16, 2003 Antoine Dubé      Bloc Québécois Christian Jobin      Liberal Resignation No
Témiscamingue June 16, 2003 Pierre Brien      Bloc Québécois Gilbert Barrette      Liberal Resignation No
Perth—Middlesex May 12, 2003 John Richardson      Liberal Gary Schellenberger      Progressive Conservative Resignation No
Berthier—Montcalm December 9, 2002 Michel Bellehumeur      Bloc Québécois Roger Gaudet      Bloc Québécois Resignation Yes
Lac-Saint-Jean—Saguenay December 9, 2002 Stéphan Tremblay      Bloc Québécois Sébastien Gagnon      Bloc Québécois Resignation Yes
Calgary Southwest May 13, 2002 Preston Manning      Canadian Alliance Stephen Harper      Canadian Alliance Resignation Yes
Saint Boniface May 13, 2002 Ron Duhamel      Liberal Raymond Simard      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes
Bonavista—Trinity—Conception May 13, 2002 Brian Tobin      Liberal John Efford      Liberal Resignation Yes
Gander—Grand Falls May 13, 2002 George Baker      Liberal Rex Barnes      Progressive Conservative Appointed to the Senate No
Windsor West May 13, 2002 Herb Gray      Liberal Brian Masse      New Democratic Party Appointed Chair of the Canadian Section of the International Joint Commission No
Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel May 13, 2002 Alfonso Gagliano      Liberal Massimo Pacetti      Liberal Appointed Ambassador to Denmark Yes
Verdun—Saint-Henri—Saint-Paul—Pointe Saint-Charles May 13, 2002 Raymond Lavigne      Liberal Liza Frulla      Liberal Appointed to the Senate Yes


  1. ^ Members of the Canadian Senate are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and remain as Senators until the age of 75, even if the House of Commons has been dissolved or an election has been called.
  • Government of Canada. "26th Ministry". Guide to Canadian Ministries since Confederation. Privy Council Office. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  • Government of Canada. "27th Ministry". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  • Government of Canada. "37th Parliament". Members of the House of Commons: 1867 to Date: By Parliament. Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-11-30. 
  • Government of Canada. "Duration of Sessions". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "General Elections". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Key Dates for each Parliament". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Leaders of the Opposition in the House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Party Standings (1974 to date): At the Senate". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2007-04-24. 
  • Government of Canada. "Prime Ministers of Canada". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 
  • Government of Canada. "Speakers". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2006-05-12. 


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