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3rd Continental Light Dragoons

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Title: 3rd Continental Light Dragoons  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Continental Army, Dragoons, James Wilson, South Carolina Line, New York Line
Collection: Dragoons, Military Units and Formations of the Continental Army
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

3rd Continental Light Dragoons

3rd Continental Light Dragoons
3rd Legionary Corps
Private of the 3rd Continental Light Dragoons
Active 1777-1782
Country  United States
Allegiance Continental Congress
Type Dragoon
Size regiment of six troops
approx. 160 men in 1778
Part of Continental Army
Nickname(s) Baylor's Horse
Colors white coats with blue facings
Engagements Battle of Brandywine,
Battle of Germantown
Baylor Massacre
Fort Wilson Riot
Battle of Guilford Court House
Lt. Col. George Baylor,
Lt. Col. William Washington

The 3rd Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Baylor's Horse or Lady Washington's Horse, was a mounted regiment of the Continental Army raised on January 1, 1777 at Morristown, New Jersey. The regiment saw action at the Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Germantown and the Battle of Guilford Court House.

The regiment was surprised on the night of September 27, 1778, while sleeping in barns near William Washington, transferred from the 4th Continental Light Dragoons. In 1779, while recruiting and remounting, the regiment rescued James Wilson during the "Fort Wilson Riot". The 3rd CLD was posted to the Southern department on November 1, 1779.

Losses of 15 killed, 17 wounded, and 100 men captured along with 83 horses in a night attack by British Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton on April 14, 1780, led to the unofficial amalgamation of the regiment with the 1st Continental Light Dragoons, commonly known as the "1st and 3rd Light Dragoons" as Washington deferred to his friend and senior, Lt. Col. Anthony White, whom he had served under in the 4th CLD. Washington resumed command of the attrited unit on May 6, 1780, when it was attacked on the Santee River and White captured.

In the 1781 campaign, Washington and his men distinguished themselves in mounted charges at the Battle of Cowpens in January, the Battle of Guilford Court House in March, and the Battle of Eutaw Springs in September. At Eutaw Springs Washington was pinned under his fallen mount, bayoneted, and captured. Captain William Parsons, the senior surviving officer, commanded the corps until Lt-Col. Baylor was exchanged in June 1782 and resumed command. When the companies of the 4th CLD were parceled out during the siege of Yorktown, the 1st and 3rd accepted its few remaining mounted troopers.

The regiment was officially merged into the 1st Legionary Corps on November 2, 1782, with the consolidated unit of five troops designated the 1st Legionary Corps.

A member of the 3rd Continental Dragoons was Maryland Congressman Philip Stuart,[1]


  1. ^ "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: Stuart, Philip (1760-1830)". Archived from the original on 9 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 

2. "Dragoon Diary: The History of the Third Continental Light Dragoons" C.F.William Maurer, Authorhouse, 2005.

3. "Commander in Chief's Guard: Revolutionary War" Carlos E. Godfrey, M.D., Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 1972

4. "The Patriots at the Cowpens" Bobby Gilmer Moss, Scotia Press, 1985

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