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3rd United States Congress

 

3rd United States Congress

3rd United States Congress
2nd ← → 4th

Congress Hall (2007)

Duration: March 4, 1793 – March 4, 1795

Senate President: John Adams
Senate Pres. pro tem: John Langdon
Ralph Izard
Henry Tazewell
House Speaker: Frederick Muhlenberg
Members: 30 (with 0-3 vacancies) Senators
105 (with 0-4 vacancies) Representatives
1 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Pro-Administration
House Majority: Anti-Administration

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1793 – March 4, 1793
1st: December 2, 1793 – June 9, 1794
2nd: November 3, 1794 – March 3, 1795

The Third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the Presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was governed by the Apportionment Act of 1792 and based on the 1790 Census. The Senate had a Pro-Administration majority, and the House had an Anti-Administration majority.

House of Representatives chamber at Congress Hall

Major events

Senate chamber at Congress Hall

Major legislation

Constitutional amendments

Treaties

Party summary

There were no political parties in this Congress. Members are informally grouped into factions of similar interest, based on an analysis of their voting record.[3]

Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Administration

(A)
Pro-
Administration

(P)
End of the previous congress 13 16 29 1
Begin 13 16 29 1
End 17 30 0
Final voting share 43.3% 56.7%
Beginning of the next congress (Democratic-Republican)
10
(Federalist)
20
30 2

House of Representatives

Members of the House of Representatives as shared by each state
Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Administration

(A)
Pro-
Administration

(P)
End of the previous congress 32 40 72 1
Begin 55 50 105 0
End 54 49 103 2
Final voting share 52.4% 47.6%
Non-voting members 1 0 1 0
Beginning of the next congress (Democratic-Republican)
58
(Federalist)
47
105 0

Leadership

Senate

John Langdon
John Langdon
(until December 2, 1793)
Ralph Izard
Ralph Izard
(May 31, 1794 – November 9, 1794)
Henry Tazewell
Henry Tazewell
(from February 20, 1795)

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1796; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1798; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1794.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress

Senate

There were 1 death, 3 resignations, 1 late election, and 1 contested election.

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Pennsylvania
(1)
Vacant Pennsylvania failed to elect a new Senator on time. Albert Gallatin (A) Elected December 2, 1793
Connecticut
(3)
Roger Sherman (P) Died July 23, 1793 Stephen M. Mitchell (P) Elected December 2, 1793
Delaware
(1)
George Read (P) Resigned on September 18, 1793. Kensey Johns was appointed on March 19, 1794, but not permitted to qualify. Henry Latimer (P) Appointed February 7, 1795
Pennsylvania
(1)
Albert Gallatin (A) Credentials were contested and the seat was declared vacant February 28, 1794 James Ross (P) Elected April 24, 1794
Virginia
(1)
James Monroe (A) Resigned May 11, 1794, to become United States Minister to France Stevens T. Mason (A) Elected November 18, 1794
Virginia
(2)
John Taylor (A) Resigned May 11, 1794 Henry Tazewell (A) Elected November 18, 1794

House of Representatives

There were 2 deaths, 3 resignations, and 1 contested election.

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Delaware at-large John Patten (A) Contested election; served until February 14, 1794 Henry Latimer (P) Seated February 14, 1794
Territory South of the River Ohio Vacant Delegate seat established James White Non-voting delegate Elected September 3, 1794
Maryland 2nd John Francis Mercer (A) Resigned April 13, 1794 Gabriel Duvall (A) Seated November 11, 1794
New York 10th Silas Talbot (P) accepted appointment to the U.S. Navy June 5, 1794 vacant no special election called
New Jersey at-large Abraham Clark (P) Died September 15, 1794 Aaron Kitchell (A) Seated January 29, 1795
South Carolina 3rd Alexander Gillon (A) Died October 6, 1794 Robert Goodloe Harper (P) Seated February 9, 1795
Maryland 3rd Uriah Forrest (P) Resigned November 8, 1794 Benjamin Edwards (P) Seated January 2, 1795
Delaware at-large Henry Latimer (P) Resigned February 7, 1795, having been elected U.S. Senator Vacant Not filled in this Congress

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  1. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=mvVNeZDPIXgC&pg=PA5M
  2. ^ http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/The_Senate_Opens_Its_Doors.htm
  3. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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