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48th Panzer Corps

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48th Panzer Corps

XLVIII Panzer Corps (also: XLVIII. Panzerkorps or XXXXVIII Panzer Corps or 48th Panzer Corps), formerly designated as XLVIII Corps (also: XLVIII Army Corps or XXXXVIII Corps or XXXXVIII Army Corps or XLVIII. Armeekorps or XXXXVIII. Armeekorps or 48th Corps or 48th Army Corps)[note 1] , was a corps-level formation of the German Heer which saw extensive action on both the eastern and western fronts during World War II.

History

The corps was originally formed on 15 December 1940 in Germany as the XLVIII. Armeekorps (mot). At the dawn of Operation Barbarossa, on 22 June 1941, it was officially redesignated as the XLVIII Panzer Corps. However, the corps seems to have used both names until June–July 1942.

XLVIII Panzer Corps was attached to Field Marshal Ewald von Kleist's Panzer Group 1, a part of Army Group South. The corps was involved in the armored battles near Dubno early in the campaign, and later saw action at Berdichev and Kirovograd.

From late 1941 to May 1942, the corps took part in defensive operations in the Kursk area. Thereafter the corps joined the Fall Blau offensive towards Stalingrad under Army Group South. During the Battle of Stalingrad the corps was trapped and its major units, 22nd Panzer Division and 1st Armoured Division (Romania), were annihilated. However, it was quickly reformed and used by Field Marshal Erich von Manstein's Operation Winter Storm efforts to relieve General Friedrich Paulus' trapped Sixth Army still in Stalingrad.

In February 1943, the XLVIII Panzer Corps took part in the battles around Kharkov, and in June it was committed to the southern flank of the Battle of Kursk as part of Hoth's Fourth Panzer Army.

After the failure of Operation Citadel the corps took part in the fighting withdrawal from the Ukraine. By February 1945, the corps found itself in Silesia, and it ended the war defending the Elbe River, where it finally surrendered in May 1945.

Commanders

  • General der Panzertruppen Werner Kempf (22 June 1941 – 19 Feb 1942)
  • General der Panzertruppen Rudolf Veiel (19 Feb 1942 – 1 Nov 1942)
  • General der Panzertruppen Hans Cramer (19 Nov 1942 – 25 Nov 1942)
  • General der Panzertruppen Otto von Knobelsdorff (30 Nov 1942 – 6 May 1943)
  • General der Panzertruppen Heinrich Eberbach (22 Oct 1943 – 14 Nov 1943)
  • General der Panzertruppen Hermann Balck (15 Nov 1943 – 4 Aug 1944)

General Staff Officers

  • Major Eitel-Friedrich Binder, Ia-Operations (Feb 1943 to Aug 1943)

Subordinate units

XLVIII Motorized Corps

XLVIII Panzer Corps

  • As of December 1942 (reformed after loss in the Battle of Stalingrad)
    • 11th Panzer Division
    • 336th Infantry Division
    • Staff of the 384th Infantry Division, with "Alarm" troops
    • 7th Luftwaffe Field Division
    • 108th Artillery Command
    • Corps staff and support units

Notes

References

  • Guides to German Records Microfilmed, Vol. 61, Alexandria/Va. Washington 1958

See also

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