World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

Article Id: WHEBN0024996989
Reproduction Date:

Title: 5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Vladimir Lenin, Brotherhood Church, 1907 Tiflis bank robbery, Central Auditing Commission of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 14th Congress of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party

Brotherhood Church at Southgate Road in London, where congress sessions took place.

The 5th Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party was held in London between May 13 and June 1, 1907.[1] The 5th Congress had the largest attendance of the Congresses of the unified RSDLP.[2] Thirty-five sessions of the Congress were held in the Brotherhood Church in Hackney, during which stormy debates took place.[3][4]

Delegations

338 delegates attended the Congress. There were:

300 of the delegates had voting rights.[3][5] Vladimir Lenin was a delegate, representing the Upper Kama region.[1]

Debates

Police photograph of V. I. Lenin from December 1895

During the Congress, the Bolshevik and Menshevik factions of the party clashed. The Bolsheviks argued in favour of preparations for an armed uprising against Czarist rule, which Menshevik leader Julius Martov denounced as 'putschist'. Another disagreement was how the party should relate to the trade union movement.[6] The Mensheviks argued for creating a 'Workers' Congress', as a first step towards transforming the party into a West European-style legal Social Democratic party.[2]

On both of these issues the Bolsheviks were supported by Polish and Latvian Social Democrats, guaranteeing a revolutionary majority at the Congress.[1]

In the clashes between the Bolshevik–Polish–Latvian and the Menshevik–Bundist sides, Trotsky (who had escaped from captivity) acted as an intermediary (attending as a non-voting delegate). Having adopted a 'centrist' position, he was the sole person at the Congress who could mediate between the two sides.[2][3]

Another debated issue was "expropriations". To support their political activities, the RSDLP and other revolutionary groups in Russia (such as the [9][10] This resolution passed with 65 percent supporting and 6 percent opposing (others abstained or did not vote). All Mensheviks and even some Bolsheviks voted in favor.[9] Ironically, one of the most famous "expropriations" (the 1907 Tiflis bank robbery, organized by a small group of Bolsheviks) took place only weeks after this vote.

Naming dispute

Another controversy erupted over the naming of the Congress. The Bolsheviks referred to the meeting as the "Fifth Congress". One delegate, Fyodor Dan, opposed this naming. In 1905 the Bolsheviks had held a "Third Party Congress", which the Mensheviks and the Bund didn't recognize as an official party meeting. Therefore, they objected to the 1907 meeting being designated the "Fifth Congress". Bundist delegate L. G. Shapiro proposed the name "London Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party", which was adopted.[1]

Election

Although the Congress saw several victories for the Bolsheviks, in the elections to Central Committee and the editorial board of the party newspaper Sotsial-Demokrat neither of the Russian factions won a majority. The Polish and Latvian Social Democrats, who were troubled by the Bolshevik-Menshevik division, supported both sides at various times.[2] The newly elected Central Committee had twelve full members and 22 alternate members;
Faction Full members Alternate members
Bolsheviks 5 10
Mensheviks 4 7
SDKPiL 2 3
Latvian Social Democracy 1 2

[1]

The elected Central Committee was sharply divided along factional lines, and could not function as a unified party leadership. At the end of the congress, the Bolshevik delegates elected a Bolshevik Centre led by Lenin.[1]

Two Bundists were included in the Central Committee at a later stage, Raphael Abramovitch and Mikhail Liber.[1][6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g V. I. Lenin. The Fifth Congress of the R.S.D.L.P.
  2. ^ a b c d Thatcher, Ian D. Trotsky. Routledge Historical Biographies. London: Routledge, 2003. p. 49
  3. ^ a b c Souvarine, Boris. Stalin: a Critical Survey of Bolshevism. Gardners Books, 2007. p. 107
  4. ^ Service, Robert. Stalin: A Biography. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2005. p. 65
  5. ^ Minczeles, Henri. Histoire générale du Bund: un mouvement révolutionnaire juif. Paris: Editions Austral, 1995. p. 475
  6. ^ a b Minczeles, Henri. Histoire générale du Bund: un mouvement révolutionnaire juif. Paris: Editions Austral, 1995. pp. 194–195
  7. ^ Trotsky 2009, Chapter IV: The period of reaction
  8. ^ Geifman 1993
  9. ^ a b Nicolaevsky 1995
  10. ^ Souvarine 2005, pp. 94

Bibliography

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.