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Abd ar-Rahman II

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Abd ar-Rahman II

Abd ar-Rahman II
4th Emir of Córdoba
Reign 822–852
Predecessor al-Hakam I
Successor Muhammad I
Born 788
Toledo
Died 852 (aged c64)
Córdoba
Silver dirham coined during the reign of Abd ar-Rahman II.

Abd ar-Rahman II (Arabic: عبد الرحمن الثاني‎) (788–852) was Umayyad Emir of Córdoba in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) from 822 until his death.[1]

Biography

Abd ar-Rahman II was born in Toledo, the son of Emir Al-Hakam I. In his youth he took part in the so-called "massacre of the ditch", when from 700 to 5,000 people come to pay homage to the princes who were killed by order of Al-Hakam.

He succeeded his father as Emir of Córdoba in 822 and engaged in nearly continuous warfare against Alfonso II of Asturias, whose southward advance he halted (822–842). In 837, he suppressed a revolt of Christians and Jews in Toledo. He issued a decree by which the Christians were forbidden to seek martyrdom, and he had a Christian synod held to forbid martyrdom.

In 844, Abd ar-Rahman repulsed an assault by Vikings who had disembarked in Cádiz, conquered Seville (with the exception of its citadel) and attacked Córdoba itself. Thereafter he constructed a fleet and naval arsenal at Seville to repel future raids.

He responded to William of Septimania's requests of assistance in his struggle against Charles the Bald's nominations.

Abd ar-Rahman was famous for his public building program in Córdoba where he died in 852. He made additions to the Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba.[1] A vigorous and effective frontier warrior, he was also well known as a patron of the arts.[2] He was also involved in the execution of the "Martyrs of Córdoba".[3]

References

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  3. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain
Abd ar-Rahman II
Cadet branch of the Banu Quraish
Died: 852
Preceded by
al-Hakam I
Emir of Córdoba
822–852
Succeeded by
Muhammad I
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