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Title: Abellio  
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Subject: Agricultural gods, Geis, Tottenham Hale station, Edmund Lenihan, Arnemetia
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Drawing of a Gallo-Roman votive altar dedicated to Abellio, found in the village of Garin, Haute-Garonne, France

Abellio (also Abelio and Abelionni) was a god worshipped in the Garonne Valley in Gallia Aquitania (now southwest France), known primarily by a number of inscriptions which were discovered in Comminges.[1] He may have been a god of apple trees.

Some scholars have postulated that Abellio is the same name as Apollo,[1] who in Crete and elsewhere was called Abelios (Greek Αβέλιος), and by the Italians and some Dorians Apello,[2] and that the deity is the same as the Gallic Apollo mentioned by Caesar,[3] and also the same as the Belis or Belenus mentioned by Tertullian[4] and Herodian.[5]

Other scholars have taken the reverse position that Abellio might have been a similar solar deity of Celtic origin in Crete and the Pyrenees, but the Cretan Abellio may however not be the same god as the Celtic one, but rather a different manifestation, or dialectal form, of the Greek god Apollo or his name.



  1. ^ a b  
  2. ^ Fest. s. v. Apellinem; Eustath. ad II. ii. 99
  3. ^ Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico vi. 17
  4. ^ Tertullian, Apologeticus 23
  5. ^ viii. 3; comp. Capitol. Maoeimin. 22

Other sources

  • Ellis, Peter Berresford, Dictionary of Celtic Mythology(Oxford Paperback Reference), Oxford University Press, (1994): ISBN 0-19-508961-8
  • Wood, Juliette, The Celts: Life, Myth, and Art, Thorsons Publishers (2002): ISBN 0-00-764059-5
  • Celtic Gods and their Associates
  • Proto-Celtic — English lexicon


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