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Académie Julian

 

Académie Julian

Bouguereau’s Atelier at Académie Julian, Paris by Jefferson David Chalfant (1891)
The Studio by Académie Julian student Marie Bashkirtseff.

The Académie Julian (French pronunciation: ​) was an art school in Paris, France.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Notable professors 2
  • Notable students 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

History

Rodolphe Julian established the Académie Julian in 1868 at the Passage des Panoramas, as a private studio school for art students.[1] The Académie Julian not only prepared students to the exams at the prestigious École des Beaux-Arts, but offered independent training in arts. At that time, women were not allowed to enroll for study to the École des Beaux-Arts, but the new Académie Julian accepted them, providing an alternative education and training. Men and women were trained separately, and women participated in the same studies as men, including the basis of art training – drawing and painting of nude models.[2]

Like its counterpart, the Académie Colarossi, it was popular with French as well as foreign students from all over the world, particularly Americans.[3] Eventually, Académie Julian students were granted the right to compete for the Prix de Rome, a prize awarded to promising young artists.[4]

The longstanding success of the Academie was secured by the famous and respected artists whom Rodolfo Julian employed as instructors: Adolphe William Bouguereau (1825–1905), Henri Royer, Jean-Paul Laurens, Edgar Chahine, Gabriel Ferrier, Tony Robert-Fleury, Jules Lefebvre and other leading artists of that time, mainly exponents of the academic style.

Over time, Académie Julian opened schools in other locations. In addition to the original school at Passage des Panoramas, studios were at no.28 Boulevard St-Jacques in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, no.5 Rue de Berri in the 8th arrondissement, no. 31 Rue du Dragon in the 6th arrondissement, no. 51, rue Vivienne in the 2nd arrondissement accepting female student artists as of 1880.

In 1888–89, Les Nabis originated as a rebellious group of young student artists who banded together at the Académie Julian.[1]

Académie Julian integrated with ESAG Penninghen in 1968.

Notable professors

See also Category:Faculty of the Académie Julian

Notable students

See also Category:Alumni of the Académie Julian

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Tate Gallery, "Académie Julian."
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Farmer, J. David. "Overcoming All Obstacles: The Women of the Académie Julian," California Art Club. April/May, 2000.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Russell, John. "An Art School That Also Taught Life," New York Times. 19 March 1989.
  4. ^ a b c d e Chilvers, Ian, ed. (2004). "Académie," , p. 5–6.Oxford Dictionary of Art, p. 5, at Google Books
  5. ^ a b c d Collier, Peter; Lethbridge, Robert (1994). Artistic Relations: Literature and the Visual Arts in Nineteenth-century France. London: Yale University Press. p. 50.  
  6. ^ "The Mother". sriaurobindoashram.org. 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Gosling, Lucinda (2008). Brushes & Bayonets: Cartoons, Sketches & Paintings of World War I. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. p. 200.  
  8. ^ Reid, Dennis R. (1988). A Concise History of Canadian Painting, p. 139.
  9. ^ Ganz, Cheryl R. (2001). Women Building Chicago 1790-1990. Indiana University Press. p. 75. 
  10. ^ Montiège, Samuel.(2011).[2]"Papyrus, Université de Montréal"
  11. ^ http://www.societyillustrators.org/Awards-and-Competitions/Distinguished-Educator/Current-Honorees/Frank-Vincent-DuMond.aspx
  12. ^ Reid, p. 243.
  13. ^ McConkey, Kenneth (1 January 1995). Impressionism in Britain. Yale University Press. p. 142. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "Charles Henry Malcolm Kerr - Tate". Tate. 
  15. ^ "Shanu Lahiri dead". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  16. ^ Cloutier, Nicole. "Morrice, James Wilson," Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  17. ^ Nickerson, Dorothy. (1940). History of the Munsell Color System and its Scientific Application, p. 575.
  18. ^ Holden, Robert. (1988). "Power, Harold Septimus (1877–1951)," Australian Dictionary of Biography Online
  19. ^  
  20. ^ Lake, Carlton and Linda Ashton. (1991). Henri-Pierre Roché: an Introduction, p. 190.
  21. ^ Archivo de Arte y Cultura Julio de 2006 – Luto por Rodríguez Naranjo
  22. ^ Smith, Roberta. "Beatrice Wood, 105, Potter And Mama of Dada, Is Dead," New York Times. 14 March 1998.

References

  • Reid, Dennis R. (1988). A Concise History of Canadian Painting. Toronto: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-540664-1; ISBN 978-0-19-540663-4; OCLC 18378555

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